It is clear by now that the label ‘Arab Spring’ has proven too simplistic to describe the uprisings that upended the political order of the Arab world in late 2010. Brutal crackdowns and civil conflict in Syria, Libya, and Yemen dashed the hopes that peaceful democratic revolutions would sweep the region. In other countries, the departure of authoritarian leaders led to many false starts without producing democratic conclusions. Societies that had appeared united in opposition suddenly seemed fractious. Youth were once again banished to the political margins.
‘Reconstructing the Middle East’ examines the changes that happened within the region from 2010 and the long-term challenges and opportunities they present. Featuring the work of authors with a diversity of perspectives, most of whom hail from the region, it addresses key issues of political, economic and societal changes, the role of young people and of the international community. In addition, the book deals with the questions of both political and economic reform, and the intertwined nature of the two. Political reform that allows greater participation will fail to quell frustration if Arabs continue to feel that their job prospects are bleak. Similarly, Arabs will not accept economic reform that restores growth but continues to fence off the political sphere.
This book offers a unique perspective on the uprisings by focusing on specific issue areas where change is needed, and offering a roadmap for the long road towards state building and new social contracts based on political inclusion, respect for pluralism, and sustained economic growth. As such, it will be a valuable resource for students and scholars of Middle East Politics, as well as those with an interest in the Arab Spring.
I. Foreword, Marwan Muasher IIIntroduction, Abdulwahab Alkebsi, Nathan Brown and Charlotta Sparre Acknowledgement About the editors and the authors III. Structuring Politics 1. Citizen and the State in the Arab World, Rami G. Khouri 2. Five years of Arab constitutional reformZaid al-Ali 3. Egypt’s post-Revolution Constitutions: Religion versus Human Rights, Moushira Khattab 4. Islam and Politics in Post-Revolutionary Egypt, Nathan Brown 5. Libya: Between a Civil War and Western Intervention. Mohamed Eljarh IV. Social Actors 1. On-line Ideas to Off-line Action, Nadine Wahab 2.The Role of the Tribal System in Developing a Democratic, Civil State in Yemen, Nadwa Al Dawsari & Danya Greenfield 3. The Puzzle of Youth Inclusion in Egypt, Seif Allah El Khawanky V. Economics 1. The End of the Allocation State? Paolo Lembo 2. The Existential Challenge of the Arab World Sherif El Diwany VI. Media 1. Arab Media’s Own Little Revolution, Mirette F.Mabrouk VII. Can International Actors Paly a Role? 1. Is there arole for the Arab League in AssistingArab Countries in Transition in their Process of Democratic Transformation?Hesham Youssef 2. US and European Policies, Michele Dunne & Richard Youngs
The UCLA Center for Middle East Development (CMED) series on Middle East security and cooperation features new and original scholarship on many of the most critical issues facing the region. Each book presents a variety of perspectives on a specific topic, such as democracy in the Middle East, dynamics of Israeli-Palestinian relations, Gulf security, and the gender factor in the Middle East. Aside from covering the key issues facing the region, the series also features a number of sub-themes under a single heading, covering security, social, political, and economic factors affecting the Middle East. All books feature a multinational collection of authors who, for political reasons, do not always publish in the same volume or collection, so no matter what the issue, specialists from within and beyond the region offer a broad range of different viewpoints.