This book places administrative reform in post-socialist countries in a broad context of power and domination. This new perspective clarifies the reasons why reforms went awry in Russia and some other post-Soviet countries, whereas they produced positive outcomes in the Baltic States and most East European countries. The contributors analyse the idea that administrative reform cannot produce sustainable changes in the organization of the state apparatus as long as it does not touch the underpinning model of power and domination. Using an interdisciplinary and comparative approach, the essays combine elements of philosophy, sociology, political science and economics, including a wealth of primary and secondary data: surveys, in-depth interviews with state representatives and participant observation. The book focuses on Russia and analyses recent developments in this country by the way of comparison with the experience of carrying out administrative reform in Ukraine, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany and North America.
This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics.
Table of Contents
- Introduction: Putting Administrative Reform in a Broader Context of Power Anton Oleinik
- Domination, Power and Authority in Russia: Basic Characteristics and Forms Valeri Ledyaev
- Changing Role of the State and State Bureaucracy in the Context of Public Administration Reforms: Russian and Foreign Experience Oxana Gaman-Golutvina
- Institutional Framework for Sustainable Development in Eastern Europe Rumen Gechev
- Law in Public Administration: How Russia Differs? Peter Solomon
- Rationalizing or Empowering Bureaucrats? Tax-Administration Reform in Post-Communist Poland and Russia Marc Berenson
- New social movements in Russia: a challenge to the dominant model of power relationships? Karine Clément
- Time Matters: Adapting to Consequences of Transformation Richard Rose, William Mischler and Neil Munro
- Existing and Potential Constraints Limiting State Servants’ Opportunism: the Russian case Anton Oleinik
- Basis for Regime Legitimacy: study of attitudes toward privatization in Ukraine Natalia Pohorila
- The Role of the State in Catch-Up Modernization – The post-1789 Reforms in the Germanies and the Russian ‘Great Reforms’ in Comparative Perspective Joachim Zweynert
Anton Oleinik is Associate Professor of Sociology at Memorial University of Newfoundland and Senior Research Associate, Institute of Economics, Russian Academy of Sciences.
Anyone interested in post-socialist politics can learn much from this book, which incisively distinguishes between government power as that over people from power to achieve goals. Primarily concerned with aspects of governance—administrative effectiveness and the rule of law—it also evaluates public opinion and social unrest toward failures in governance. Its eight original analyses are informed by empirical research that involves public statistics, sample surveys, in-depth elite interviews, and exacting taxonomies. Although focusing on Russian politics, the book draws comparisons with other post-socialist societies, primarily Poland and Bulgaria. The analyses are harsh but not without hope.
Kenneth Janda, Payson S. Wild, Professor Emeritus of Political Science, Northwestern University.
A striking and original collection that raises as many issues of social theory as it does of state management. A unique contribution bringing together many of the leading experts in their respective fields. The editor is to be congratulated on bringing together such a coherent collection of articles.
Richard Sakwa, Professor at the department of Politics and International Relations, University of Kent.
The authors faithfully describe new developments in political–administrative and social relations in post-socialist countries. They highlight national particularities in the systems of governance and show a rich potential of the innovative approaches illustrated with the help of the representative empirical data.
Alexandr Soloviev, Professor and Department Head of the Department of Political Analysis, Moscow State Lomonossov University, Vice-President of the Russian Political Science Association.