2nd Edition

Refraction and Retinoscopy How to Pass the Refraction Certificate

By Jonathan Park, David Jones, Leo Feinberg Copyright 2024
    92 Pages 40 Color Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    92 Pages 40 Color Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Refraction and retinoscopy are essential skills in progression through ophthalmology specialty training and require consistent practice. This second edition is a comprehensive introduction and revision guide specifically tailored for candidates sitting the Refraction Certificate, as assessed by the Royal College of Ophthalmologists.

    Key Features:

    • Presents concise explanations of the theory and application of refraction and retinoscopy techniques, with excellent guided illustrations throughout
    • Provides a step-by-step framework for how best to prepare for the recently updated format of the Refraction Certificate



    About the Authors

    List of abbreviations

    1) Introduction: A Book for Junior Doctors & Optometrists

    2) The Refraction Certificate Examination

    3) What Does Refractive Error Mean?

    4) How To Refract

    5) How To Use A Focimeter

    6) Lens Neutralisation

    7) Final Tips For The Exam

    8) Appendices


    Jon Park has worked in Somerset as a Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon since 2015. He graduated from the University of Bristol, UK and then completed his speciality training in the South West Peninsula Deanery. He then completed a vitreo-retinal surgical fellowship at the University of Toronto, Canada.

    Leo Feinberg is a third year specialty trainee in Ophthalmology in the Peninsula Deanery. He graduated from the University of Birmingham with honours in both Medical Sciences and Medicine and Surgery.

    David Jones is a full-time consultant ophthalmologist in Cornwall. He studied medicine at Cambridge and Oxford Universities and undertook most of his ophthalmology training in Glasgow. He is educational supervisor for ophthalmic trainees in Cornwall.