Refugees in the Age of Total War
This book, first published in 1988, charts society’s responses to the huge numbers of refugees in Europe and the Middle East during and after the Second World War. At the close of the war large areas of Europe lay in ruins, and large numbers of refugees faced upheaval and famine. Political considerations influenced the decisions as to who received assistance, and refugees were forcibly repatriated or resettled – and in the analysis of these matters and more, both the refugee crises of the 1940s and their relevance today are highlighted.
Introduction Michael R. Marrus 1. The Concept of the Term ‘Refugee’ Göran Melander 2. A Historical Survey of Twentieth Century Expulsions Alfred-Maurice de Zayas 3. Armenian Refugees: Accidents of Diplomacy or Victims of Ideology? Christopher J. Walker 4. Weimar Germany and the Ostjuden, 1918–1923: Acceptance or Expulsion? John P. Fox 5. German and Jewish Refugees 1933–45: Reflections on the Jewish Condition Under Hitler and the Western World’s Response to their Expulsion and Flight John P. Fox 6. Religion, Refugees and the U.S. Government Bruce Nichols 7. The Re-Settlement of Ethnic Germans, 1939–41 Anna C. Bramwell 8. Refugees from the Eastern Provinces of Italy After 1943 Daniele Moro 9. German Refugee Scholars in Great Britain, 1933–1945 Gerhard Hirshfeld 10. German Refugees After 1945: A British Dilemma Hansåke Persson 11. Refugees and Ruhr Miners: A Case Study of the Impact of Refugees on Post-War German Society Mark Roseman 12. Repatriation and Resistance: Ukrainian Refugees and Displaced Persons in Occupied Germany and Austria, 1945–1948 Yury Boshyk 13. Polish Refugees as Military Potential: Policy Objectives of the Polish Government in Exile Anita J. Prazmowska 14. The Absorption of Poles into Civilian Employment in Britain, 1945–1950 Keith Sword 15. The Initial Absorption of the Palestinian Refugees in the Arab Host Countries, 1948–1949 Benny Morris 16. Palestinians in Lebanon: Insecurity and Flux Rosemary Sayigh 17. Palestinian Refugees, Economic Integration and Durable Solutions Howard Adelman 18. Bureaucratization and Political Commitment: Challenges for NGO Refugee Assistance C. Michael Lanphier 19. The Refugee Determination Procedure in Belgium and the Role of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees John Cels and Gil Loescher