The African continent is plagued by some of the most brutal and violent conflicts in the world. At the same time that warfare is changing, so has the state’s capacity to provide security and political stability to its citizens. This book deals with the role of regional organizations in Africa’s security. It focuses on three basic—yet often overlooked—questions: (1) the advantages and disadvantages of African regional and sub-regional organizations vis-à-vis other security mechanisms, (2) the official and unofficial reasons to intervene, and (3) whether security is actually protected by the peace activities carried out by the regional organizations.
The contributors to the book—all leading researchers in the field—systematically assess and compare the role of the African Union (AU), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), and the Southern African Development Community (SADC).
This book was based on a special issue of African Security.
1. Introduction: Heritage and Community Engagement Steve Watson (York St John University, United Kingdom) and Emma Waterton (Keele University, United Kingdom)
2. The recognition and misrecognition of community heritage Emma Waterton (Keele University, United Kingdom) and Laurajane Smith (University of York, United Kingdom)
3. The politics of community heritage: Motivations, authority and control Elizabeth Crooke (University of Ulster, Northern Ireland)
4. Unfulfilled promises? Heritage management and community participation at some of Africa’s cultural heritage sites Shadreck Chirikure (University of Cape Town, South Africa), Munyaradzi Manyanga (University of Pretoria, South Africa), Webber Ndoro (African World Heritage Fund, South Africa) and Gilbert Pwiti (University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe)
5. Heritage and empowerment: Community-based Indigenous cultural heritage in Northern Australia Shelly Greer (James Cook University, Australia)
6. New frameworks for community engagement in archive sector: From handing over to handing on Mary Stevens (University College London, United Kingdom), Andrew Flinn (University College London, United Kingdom) and Elisabeth Shepherd (University College London, United Kingdom)
7. Uninherited heritage: Tradition and heritage production in Shetland, Åland and Svalbard Adam Grydehøj (University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom)
8. Decentring the new protectors: Transforming Aboriginal heritage in South Australia Steve Hemming (Flinders University, Australia) and Daryle Rigney (Flinders University, Australia)
9. Beyond the rhetoric: Negotiating the politics and realising the potential of community-driven heritage engagement Corinne Perkin (Macquarie University, Australia)
10. Meaning-making and cultural heritage in Jordon: The local community, the contexts and the archaeological sites in Khreibt al-Suq Shatha Abu-Khafajah (University of Jordan, Jordan)
11. Power relations and community involvement in landscape-based cultural heritage management practice: An Australian case study Jonathan Prangnell (University of Queensland, Australia), Anne Ross (University of Queensland, Australia,), Brian Coghill, (Reconciliation Australia)
"While contributing to the academic debate on security, the real merit of this book is its focus on African regional organisations and their relationships to other international organisations." - Kai Schafer, The International Spectator, Vol. 47, 3, September 2012