It is widely acknowledged that the size of the security industry has increased in virtually every country around the world, often eclipsing conventional police forces in personnel numbers and expenditures. Security providers differ from law enforcement officers in many ways, yet the nature of their crime reduction activities brings them into frequent contact with citizens, drawing to the forefront issues of training, professionalism and accountability. Unlike police officers, whose training and licensing standards are well established, regulations for security providers are often minimalist or entirely absent.
This volume brings together research on regulatory regimes and strategies from around the globe, covering both the large private security sector and the expanding area of public sector ‘non-police’ protective security. It examines the nature and extent of licensing and monitoring, and the minimum standards imposed on the industry by governments across the world. The chapters in this book were originally published in the International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice.
Preface Tim Prenzler
Introduction Mahesh K. Nalla and Tim Prenzler
1. The Growth of Privatized Policing: Some Cross-national Data and Comparisons Ronald van Steden and Rick Sarre
2. The Proliferation of Private Security Agencies in South Africa and its Concomitant Effect on Crime Prevention and Crime Reduction Kris Pillay
3. The private security complex and its regulation in Africa: select examples from the continent Julie Berg and Simon Howell
4. Reforming security industry training standards: an Australian case study Tim Prenzler, Rick Sarre and Dae Woon Kim
5. The Taming of the Japanese Private Security Industry Naoko Yoshida
6. The evolution of security industry regulation in the European Union Mark Button and Peter Stiernstedt
7. Critiquing the regulation of private security in the United Kingdom: views from inside the sector Rob Mawby and Martin Gill
8. Common past - different paths: Exploring state regulation of private security industry in Eastern Europe and post-Soviet republics Mahesh K. Nalla and Anna Gurinskaya
9. Private security services regulations in the United States today Robert McCrie