Rehabilitation Engineering Applied to Mobility and Manipulation  book cover
1st Edition

Rehabilitation Engineering Applied to Mobility and Manipulation

ISBN 9780750303439
Published January 1, 1995 by CRC Press
534 Pages

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Book Description

The discipline of rehabilitation engineering draws on a wide range of specialist knowledge, from the biomedical sciences to materials technology. Rehabilitation Engineering Applied to Mobility and Manipulation provides broad background and motivational material to ease readers' introduction to the subject.

The book begins with a wide-ranging yet concise introduction to the legislative, technological, testing, and design basis of rehabilitation engineering, followed by the fundamentals of design and materials and a full account of the biomechanics of rehabilitation. Major sections of the book are devoted to various aspects of mobility, including detailed discussion of wheelchair design. Valuable additional material deals with seating, prosthetic devices, robotics, and the often-neglected subject of recreational devices and vehicles. More than a thousand references to the research and review literature put readers in touch with the leading edge of a rapidly growing field.

Table of Contents

Preface. Introduction: Rehabilitation engineering; US legislation influencing rehabilitation engineering; International policy influencing rehabilitation engineering; Assistive technology; Rehabilitation technology suppliers; Engineering acceptable performance; Rehabilitation engineering design; Assistive technology design criteria; Product testing; Summary; Further reading and references. Fundamentals of rehabilitation engineering design: Design considerations; Total quality management in rehabilitation engineering; Steel as a structural material; Aluminum for assistive technology design; Use of composites for assistive technology design; Design with engineering materials; Fabrication; Basic electric circuits; Further reading and references. Biomechanics of mobility and manipulation: Human motion analysis; Gait analysis; Functional neuromuscular stimulation for movement restoration; Biomechanics of wheelchair propulsion; Biomechanics of seating; Biomechanics of manipulation; Further reading and references. Universal design and accessibility: Barrier-free design; Elemental resource model; Factors affecting barrier-free design; Interior space design; Design for people with disabilities; Accessible transportation; Access legislation; Further reading and references. Personal transportation: Introduction; Selecting a vehicle; Lift mechanisms; Wheelchair securement systems; Passenger restraint systems; Automobile hand-controls; Control of secondary functions; Further reading and references. Wheelchair safety, standards and testing: Introduction; Standard tests; Normative values; Static stability; A geometric approach to static stability; Stability with road crown and inclination; Impact strength tests; Fatigue strength tests; Finite-element modeling applied to wheelchair design/testing; Test dummies; Power wheelchair range testing; Power wheelchair controller performance; Designing for safe operation; Further reading and references. Manual wheelchair design: Introduction; Classes of manual wheelchairs; Frame design; Materials; The wheelchair and rider; Wheels and casters; Components; Human factors design considerations; Future directions; Further reading and references. Power wheelchair design: Introduction; Classes of power wheelchairs; Motor selection; Servoamplifiers; Microprocessor control; Shared control; Fault-tolerant control; Integrated controllers; Electromagnetic compatibility; Batteries; Gear boxes; User interfaces; Further reading and references. Postural support and seating: Seating and postural support systems; Distribution of stresses in soft tissues; Seating pressure measurement; Control interface integration; Multi-configuration seating and postural support systems; Further reading and references. Prosthetics and orthotics: Introduction; Upper-extremity prostheses; Upper-extremity orthoses; Lower-extremity prostheses; Lower-extremity orthoses; Functional neuromuscular stimulation; Ambulations aids; Aids to daily living; Further reading and references. Recreational devices and vehicles: Introduction; Racing wheelchairs; Arm-powered bicycles and tricycles; Off-road vehicles; Water sports; Adaptive ski equipment; Recreational vehicles; Further reading and references. Rehabilitation robotics: Introduction; Components and configurations of robots; Robot kinematics; Robot motion; Robot control; Robot sensors; Human interfaces to robotic systems; Further reading and references. Index.

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"…well integrated and highly readable … contains important results from Cooper's own research … highly recommended as a text for beginning graduate students in rehabilitation engineering and as a reference book for engineers, clinicians, therapists, and technologists working in the field of assistive technology … a comprehensiveness and an integrity that are missing in other books on rehabilitation engineering …"
-Assistive Technology