In recent years medicalization, the process of making something medical, has gained considerable ground and a position in everyday discourse. In this multidisciplinary collection of original essays, the authors expertly consider how issues around medicalization have developed, ways in which it is changing, and the potential shapes it will take in the future. They develop a unique argument that medicalization, biomedicalization, pharmaceuticalization and geneticization are related and co-evolving processes, present throughout the globe. This is an ideal addition to anthropology, sociology and STS courses about medicine and health.
Table of Contents
Preface: Peter Conrad, Brandeis University Introduction: Susan E. Bell (Bowdoin College) and Anne E. Figert (Loyola University Chicago) "(Bio)Medicalization, Technoscience and Health in a Transnational Perspective: Outlining Old Critiques and New Engagements" PART I: Reimaginings: (Bio)Medicalization and Technoscience in the 21st Century 1. Susan E. Bell (Bowdoin College) and Anne E. Figert (Loyola University Chicago), "Moving Sideways and Forging Ahead: Re-imagining –Izations in the 21st Century" 2. Ellen Annandale (University of York) and Anne Hammarström, "A New Biopolitics of Gender and Health? ‘Gender-specific medicine’ and Pharmaceuticalization" 3. Janet K. Shim, Katherine Weatherford Darling, Sara L. Ackerman, Sandra Soo-Jin Lee, Robert A. Hiatt, (University of California, San Francisco) "Reimagining Race and Ancestry: Biomedicalizing Difference in Post-Genomic Subjects" 4. Commentary and Reflections: Rebecca Herzig (Bates College) "On Stratification and Complexity: Matters of Difference in the Age of Biomedicaliztion" PART II: Pharmaceuticals 5. Jeremy Greene (Johns Hopkins University) "Vital Objects: Essential Drugs and their Critical Legacies" 6. Ari Samsky (Washington University St. Louis) "The Drug Swallowers: Scientific Sovereignty and Pharmaceuticalization in two International Drug Donation Programs" 7. Courtney Cuthbertson, (University of Illinois) "Pharmaceutical Technologies and the Management of Biological Citizens in Chile" 8. Matthew Archibald, (Colby College) "Essential Medicines, Drug Swallowers, and Biological Citizens: The Ongoing Construction of Pharmaceutical Regimes" PART III: Genetics/Genomics 9. Catherine Bliss (University of California, San Francisco) "Biomedicalization and the New Science of Race" 10. Ruha Benjamin (Princeton University) "Racial Destiny or Dexterity? The Global Circulation of Genomics as an Empowerment Idiom" 11. Sara Shostak (Brandeis University) and Margot Moinester (Harvard University) "Beyond Geneticization: Regimes of Perceptibility and the Social Determinants of Health" 12. Commentary and Reflections: David Hecht (Bowdoin College) "The Lure of the Gene" Epilogue: Susan Reverby (Wellesley College) "Mapping the Bio-medicalized World for Justice"
Susan E. Bell is A. Myrick Freeman Professor of Social Sciences/Professor of Sociology and Chair of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Bowdoin College. She is the author of DES Daughters: Embodied Knowledge and the Transformation of Women’s Health Politics (Temple, 2009) and the guest editor with Alan Radley of a special issue of health, "Another Way of Knowing: Art, Disease, and Illness Experience," 2011.
Anne E. Figert is Associate Professor of Sociology at Loyola University Chicago. She is the author of Women and the Ownership of PMS: The Structuring of a Psychiatric Disorder (Aldine de Gruyter, 1996) and the co-editor of two volumes: Building Community: Social Science in Action (Pine Forge Press, 1997) and Current Research on Occupations and Professions, volume 9 (JAI Press, Inc, 1996)
Technoscience is transforming contemporary health and medicine from the inside out, producing distinctive new processes---biomedicalization, geneticization and pharmaceuticalization. This volume valuably contributes to understanding these processes transnationally in biomedicine and public health, including consequences of neoliberalism. Terrific authors and provocative commentaries make it widely accessible and useful across the social sciences.
-Adele E. Clarke, Sociology & History of Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco
Noted medical sociologists Susan Bell and Anne Figert have compiled a series of cutting-edge chapters on the world-wide spread of medicalization, pharmaceuticals, and genetic explanations of many behaviors. Highly recommended for courses in medical sociology, medical anthropology, and science and society.
-Allan V. Horwitz, Sociology, Rutgers University
This is a timely collection of original essays in medicalization. The authors examine topics related to gender, race, and class as they intersect with technoscience and health from a global perspective. This major contribution is an essential reading for any class on health or medicine.
-Deborah M. Merrill, Sociology, Clark University
This volume provides an excellent overview of the scholarly debate on the process of medicalization and of subsequent concepts, which capture recent trends in theorizing of and developments in medicine, health care and science. The volume is very much needed reading in courses on sociology of health and medicine.
- Elianne Riska, Sociology, University of Helsinki, Finland
This lively edited collection focuses on major trends in medicine and science, illustrating how and where medical categories, pharma and genetics now organize daily life. Most importantly, it investigates the structural factors that make pharma and genetics central and offers tools to forge ahead in the critical analysis of contemporary life.
-Kelly Joyce, Director of Master’s Program in Science, Technology & Society, Drexel University
This collection of highly-readable essays provides distinctly timely perspectives on medicalization and biomedicalization today. The investigation of the spheres of genetics and pharmaceuticals are worthy in their own right, and the essays here also effectively use these focal areas to address important issues of global health, environment, race, and more.
-Anne Pollock, Science, Technology, and Culture, Georgia Tech
Medicalization remains a bread-and-butter concept for medical sociology courses awakening the sociological imagination. The contributors to this volume expertly explore its limits and promises through the relationship with all things bio, pharma, or genetic.
-Stefan Timmermans, Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles
Something akin to medicalization is rapidly unfolding around the globe. Nevertheless, the framework of medicalization is not equally applicable in all cases and places. This compelling collection of essays evaluates which "ization" (e.g., medicalization, biomedicalization, pharmaceuticalization, geneticization) is the right analytic tool to account for a host of transnational cases.
-Kristin Barker, Sociology, University of New Mexico
- Preface & Table of Contents