Reinforced Concrete Structural Reliability  book cover
1st Edition

Reinforced Concrete Structural Reliability

ISBN 9781439872031
Published December 15, 2012 by CRC Press
376 Pages 138 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Structural engineers must focus on a structure’s continued safety throughout its service life. Reinforced Concrete Structural Reliability covers the methods that enable engineers to keep structures reliable during all project phases, and presents a practical exploration of up-to-date techniques for predicting the lifetime of a structure. The book also helps readers understand where the safety factors used come from and addresses the problems that arise from deviation from these factors. It also examines the question of what code is best to follow for a specific project: the American code, the British Standard, the Eurocode, or other local codes.

The author devotes an entire chapter to practical statistics methods and probability theory used in structural and civil engineering, both important for calculating the probability of structural failure (reliability analysis). The text addresses the effects of time, environmental conditions, and loads to assess consequences on older structures as well as to calculate the probability of failure. It also presents the effects of steel bar corrosion and column corrosion, and precautions to consider along with guides for design.

This book offers guidelines and tools to evaluate existing as well as new structures, providing all available methods and tests for assessing structures, including visual inspection and nondestructive testing for concrete strength. It also presents techniques for predicting the remaining service life of a structure, which can be used to determine whether to perform repairs or take other action. This practical guide helps readers to differentiate between and understand the philosophy of the various codes and standards, enabling them to work anywhere in the world. It will aid engineers at all levels working on projects from the design to the maintenance phase, increasing their grasp of structure behavior, codes and factors, and predicting service life.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Reliability
Load Variables
Resistance Variables
Previous Work on Nonbasic Variables
Available Methods for Calculation of Reliability
Applications on Structural Reliability

Main Statistics in Structure Engineering
Data Analysis
Probability Distribution of Variables
Distribution for Uncertainty Parameters
Regression Analysis
Choose the Appropriate Probability Distribution

Reliability-Based Design in Structural Buildings
Concrete Design Mix
Variation in Curing Process
Variation in Concrete Strength
Uncertainty in Concrete Dimensions
Variation on Bridge Strength
Comparison between Calculations of Resistance for
The Probability of Structure Failure
Monte Carlo Simulation Technique
Reliability in EC Code
Further Readings

Load Statistics on Buildings
Dead Load
Live Load Characteristics
Live Loads in Different Codes
Delphi Method
Wind Load Statistics
Earthquake Load
Loads Calculation Probabilistic

Reliability of Reinforced Concrete Structures
Reliability of Reinforced Concrete Columns
Calculation of the Straining Actions at the Column Base
Ultimate Strength of Reinforced Concrete Columns
Limit State Equation and Reliability Analysis
Parameters and Methodology
Application for a Building
Effect of Column Location
Reliability of Flexural Members
Seismic Reliability Analysis of Structures

Reliability of Concrete Structures Exposed to Corrosion
Effect of Age on Strength of Concrete
Corrosion of Steel in Concrete
Parametric Study for Concrete Columns
Effect of Corrosion on the Girder
Recommendation for Durable Design

Assessment for Concrete Structures
Concrete Structure Inspection
Design and Structural Loading Considerations
Interaction of Structural Load and Environmental Effects
Construction Affecting Service Life
Condition Assessment and Remaining Service Life
Evaluation of Reinforced Concrete Aging or Degradation Effects
Nondestructive Test Methods
Test Methods of Corroded Steel in Concrete
Sources of Concrete Failure
Structure Assessment

Predicting Service Lifetime
Structure Evaluation
Approaches for Predicting Service Life of New Concrete
Stochastic Methods
Prediction of Remaining Service Life
Predictions Based on Extrapolations
Designing for Durability
Service Life Prediction and Lifetime Safety Factor
Further Readings

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Mohamed A. El-Reedy, Ph.D., has a background in structural engineering, with a main area of research interest in reliability of concrete and steel structures. Dr. El-Reedy provides different concrete and steel structure design packages for residential buildings, warehouses, and telecommunication towers and electrical projects to WorleyParsons/Egypt. He has consulted with and trained executives at many organizations and has taught technical courses in repair and maintenance for reinforced concrete structures and the advanced materials in the concrete industry worldwide. Dr. El-Reedy has written numerous publications and presented many papers at local and international conferences. He has also authored four books about advanced materials and techniques in reinforced concrete structures; assessment and repair of steel reinforcement in concrete structures; design, construction, and maintenance of industrial structures; and construction management of industrial projects.