Reinventing Regional Security Institutions in Asia and Africa
Power shifts, ideas, and institutional change
Regional security institutions play a significant role in shaping the behavior of existing and rising regional powers by nurturing security norms and rules, monitoring state activities, and sometimes imposing sanctions, thereby formulating the configuration of regional security dynamics. Yet, their security roles and influence do not remain constant. Their raison d’etre, objectives, and functions experience sporadic changes, and some institutions upgrade military functions for peacekeeping operations, while others limit their functions to political and security dialogues. The question is: why and how do these variances in institutional change emerge?
This book explores the mechanisms of institutional change, focusing on regional security institutions led by non-great powers. It constructs a theoretical model for institutional change that provides a new understanding of their changing roles in regional security, which has yet to be fully explored in the International Relations field. In so doing, the book illuminates why, when, and how each organization restructures its role, function, and influence. Using case studies of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), and the Organization of African Unity (OAU)/ African Union (AU), it also sheds light on similarities and differences in institutional change between regional security institutions.
Table of Contents
2.Theory of International Change in Regional Security Institutions (RSIs)
3.Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
4.Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
5.Organisation of African Unity (OAU)/African Union (AU)
6.Dynamics of Institutional Change in RSIs
Kei Koga is Assistant Professor in the Public Policy and Global Affairs Programme (PPGA), School of Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
'In recent years, there has been a growing body of literature on regional institutions and their ostensible contributions to regional security. But why and how those institutions do what they do within the context of their dynamic and complex regional milieus remains little appreciated let alone theorised. In Reinventing Regional Security Institutions in Asia and Africa, Kei Koga critically examines the conditions under which regional security institutions (RSIs) undertake institutional change. These conditions include changes in regional distributions of power and the reassessments by RSIs of their own utility and their subsequent adjustments in the light of those power redistributions. In other words, institutional change is the outcome of a complex blend of structural transition and institutional agency. For Professor Koga, RSIs such as ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) and OAU/AU (Organisation of African Unity / African Union) are interesting case studies in institutional agency and change even though their members are primarily non-great powers. Original and persuasive, this book is requisite reading for all who have an interest in comparative regionalisms.'- Tan See Seng, Professor of International Relations, Deputy Director and Head of Research, Institute for Defence and Strategic Studies, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
'The fact that the book compares two very different regions, and focuses on the inherently regional input in the development of regional institutions makes the book original and innovative. It is essential reading for students of regional security institutions. ' - Timo Kivimäki, Professor of International Relations and Director of Research, University of Bath, United Kingdom