1st Edition

Religion, Community and Development Changing Contours of Politics and Policy in India

Edited By Gurpreet Mahajan, Surinder S. Jodhka Copyright 2010
    348 Pages
    by Routledge India

    348 Pages
    by Routledge India

    By making religious community a relevant category for discussing development deficit, the Sachar Committee Report (that was submitted to the Prime Minister of India in 2007) initiated a new political discourse in India. While the liberal secular framework privileged the individual over the community and was more inclined to use the category of class rather than the identity of religion, the Sachar Committee differentiated citizens on the basis of their religious identity. Its conclusions reinforced the necessity of approaching issues of development through the optic of religious community.

    This volume focuses on this shift in public policy. The articles in this collection examine the nature and implications of this new approach to the Indian social reality. Taking a close look at the findings of the Sachar Committee Report (SCR) they highlight the challenges posed by inter-community comparisons. At another level the articles supplement the debate initiated by the SCR by constructing a profile of religious communities in India so as to factor in their concerns of development into the present discourse and to nuance and modify the simple indicators to which development is often reduced. As most religious communities are themselves engaged in development-related activities the volume also examines some of these initiatives in order to see what development connotes to the members themselves and what receives attention by the community. 

    Students of social sciences and development studies as well as those dealing with issues of marginalization will find this collection an invaluable resource for understanding contemporary India and for undertaking further theoretical and empirical research.

    List of Abbreviations Preface and Acknowledgements 1. Religion, Community and Development Gurpreet Mahajan 2. Religion and Indian Politics: Changing Perspectives D.L.Sheth 3. Group Equality and the Public Sphere: The Sachar Committee Report and Multiculturalism in India Amir Ali 4. Hindutva’s Discourse on Development Pralay Kanungo 5. Seva, sangathanas and gurus: Service and the Making of the Hindu nation Sujata Patel 6. Development as Liberation: An Indian Christian Perspective Rudolf C. Heredia 7. Indian Christians: Trajectories of Development Rowena Robinson 8. Religious Identities and Discourses of Development: The Sikhs in Contemporary Times Surinder S. Jodhka 9. A Long-Term View of Contemporary Muslim Situation in India Javeed Alam 10. Between Identity and Equity: An Agenda for Affirmative Action Tanweer Fazal 11. Struggle for the Margin or from the Margin Gopal Guru 12. Literacy, Education and Gender Gap among Socio-religious Groups Ravinder Kaur 13. Cultural Rights of Minorities during Constitution-making: A Re-reading Rochana Bajpai 14. The Goan Muslim: Presence through Invisibility V Sri Ranjani Glossary Index


    Gurpreet Mahajan is Professor, Centre for Political Studies, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

    Surinder S. Jodhka is Professor of Sociology at the Centre for the Study of Social Systems, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.