This work seeks to provide a fresh examination of the relationship between religion, identity and security in a globalizing world, arguing that in order to address human security issues we must seek a reconceptualization of human security along post-secular lines.
Religion, Identity and Human Security seeks to demonstrate that a major source of human insecurity comes from the failure of states around the world to recognize the increasing cultural diversity of their populations which has resulted from globalization. Shani begins by setting out the theoretical foundations, dealing with the transformative effects of globalization on identity, violence and security. The second part of the volume then draws on different cases of sites of human insecurity around the globe to develop these ideas, examining themes such as:
Highlighting that religion can be a source of both human security and insecurity in a globalizing world, Shani offers a ‘critical’ human security paradigm that seeks to de-secularize the individual by recognizing the culturally contested and embedded nature of human identities. The work argues that religion serves an important role in re-embedding individuals deracinated from their communities by neo-liberal globalization.
'Through an erudite analysis of recent debates about the veil in France, ethno-religious tensions in South Asia, and ethno-nationalism in Japan, Giorgio Shani defends a ‘post-secular’ approach to human security that openly embraces cultural diversity and religious difference. This lucid and wide-ranging book will interest students of globalisation, identity politics, post-colonialism, and critical security studies.' - Andrew Linklater, Aberystwyth University, UK.
'This excellent book is not only an original contribution to critical human security studies, but more broadly, an outstanding remapping of postsecular thinking in International Relations.' - Mustapha Kamal Pasha, Aberystwyth University, UK.
'Resistance to an increasingly globalized mass society is now accompanied by an almost desperate search for community and a less-than-gracious retreat from the Enlightenment-based multiculturalism. The aggressive, often violent affirmation of religious identities comes as part of this package. In a marvelous intervention in the debate on the agenda of peace studies, Giorgio Shani argues that human security now poses an altogether different kind of challenge.' - Ashis Nandy, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, India
Introduction: Religion, Identity and Security
Part I: Reconceptualizing Human Security in a Post-Global Age
1. Globalization and Identity After the Financial Crisis
2. Globalization, Religion and Violence
3. Reconceptualizing Security: Towards a Critical Human Security Paradigm
Part II: Sites of Human Insecurity
4.De/Securitizing ‘Religious’ Symbols
5. The Retreat from Multiculturalism
6. The rise of exclusivist ethno-religious identities post- 9/11
7. State religion, colonization and the ‘racialization’ of migration
This series aims to publish high quality works on the topic of the resurgence of political forms of religion in both national and international contexts. This trend has been especially noticeable in the post-cold war era (that is, since the late 1980s). It has affected all the ‘world religions’ (including, Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism) in various parts of the world (such as, the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa).
The series welcomes books that use a variety of approaches to the subject, drawing on scholarship from political science, international relations, security studies, and contemporary history.
Books in the series explore these religions, regions and topics both within and beyond the conventional domain of ‘church-state’ relations to include the impact of religion on politics, conflict and development, including the late Samuel Huntington’s controversial – yet influential – thesis about ‘clashing civilisations’.
In sum, the overall purpose of the book series is to provide a comprehensive survey of what is currently happening in relation to the interaction of religion and politics, both domestically and internationally, in relation to a variety of issues.