This second selection of articles by George Makdisi concentrates on the schools of religious thought and legal learning in the medieval Islamic world and their defence of ’orthodoxy’. The author aims to review and re-assess the implications of the conflict between, first, the ’rationalist’ and the ’traditional’ theologians (the one accepting the influence of Greek philosophy, the other rejecting it), and then between one of these traditionalist schools - the Hanbali school of law - and Sufi mysticism. One of the most important consequences of the first of these confrontations, he contends, was the emergence of the schools of law as the guardians of the faith and theological orthodoxy. The final section of the book also looks at the structure of legal learning, at the institutions themselves, their organization and the principles upon which they operated. As well as entering the debate over the existence of corporations and guilds of law in classical Islam - maintaining that they did exist - these articles further suggest links between such institutions and the evolution of universities in the medieval West, and the Inns of Court in England, and discuss the Islamic and Arabic contribution to the concepts of academic amd intellectual freedom and to the development of scholasticism and humanism. Cette seconde collection d’articles par George Makdisi se concentre sur les écoles de la pensée religieuse et de la science juridique, dans le monde islamique médiéval. L’auteur a pris pour objectif de réviser et de ré-évaluer les implications du conflit entre, premièrement, les théologiens rationalistes et traditionalistes (les premières étant ouverts Ã l’influence de la philosophie grecque que les seconds rejettaient) et, deuxièmement, entre l’une de ces écoles traditionalistes - l’école de droit Hanbali - et le mysticisme Sufi. L’une des conséquences les plus importantes, selon lui, de la première de ces confrontations Ã été la po
Contents: Foreword; Ash’ari and the Ash’arites in Islamic religious history; The judicial theology of Shafi’i: origins and significance of usul al-fiqh; Al-Ghazali disciple de Shafi’i en droit et en théologie; Ethics in Islamic traditionalist doctrine; The Hanbali School and Sufism; L’isnad initiatique soufi de Muqaffaq ad-Din Ibn Qudama; Ibn Taimiya: a Sufi of the Qadiriya order; Muslim institutions of learning in 11th-century Baghdad; Institutionalized learning as a self-image; La corporation Ã l’époque classique de l’Islam; The guilds of law in medieval legal history: an enquiry into the origins of the Inns of Court; Freedom in Islamic jurisprudence: ijtihad, taglid, and academic freedom; Scholasticism and humanism in classical Islam and the Christian West; Addenda; Index.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.
Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource.
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