EU enlargement - to countries in Central and Eastern Europe in 2004, the inclusion of Bulgaria and Romania in 2007, and increasing debates on Turkey’s membership - has dramatically transformed the European Union into a multi-religious space. Religious communities are not only shaping identities but are also influential factors in political discourse. This edited volume examines the activities of religious actors in the context of supranational European institutions and the ways in which they have responded to the idea of Europe at local and international levels. By bringing together scholars working in political science, history, law and sociology, this volume analyses key religious factors in contemporary EU architecture, such as the transformation of religious identities, the role of political and religious leaders, EU legislation on religion, and, the activities of religious lobbies.
This book was published as a special issue of Religion, State and Society.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Lucian N. Leustean and John T.S. Madeley
Religious Identity and the European Union
1. Religion: A Solution or a Problem for the Legitimization of the European Union?; François Foret, Université Libre de Bruxelles
2. Religion and European Integration, Secularism (Laïcité); Jean-Paul Willaime, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Sorbonne
3. A European Battlefield - Does the EU Have a Soul?; Carin Laudrup, University of Copenhagen
4. From Sickle to Crescent: The Question of Religion for European Identity; Benoit Challand, European University Institute, Florence
5. European Enlargement, Secularization and Religious Republicization in Central and Eastern Europe; Max Fras and David Herbert, Open University, London
Religious and Political Leaders in the Construction of the European Union
6. The French and Italian Christian Democrats, 1949-1955; Linda Risso, University of Reading
7. The Europeist efforts of Alcide De Gasperi and the Proposals of Antonio Messineo: A Spiritual Conception of Politics Meeting a Pragmatic Idea of Religion?; Giulio Venneri and Paolo O. Ferrara, University of Trento
8. In the Name of Europe: The Papal Thought on Europe and European Union; Blandine Chelini-Pont, Université Paul Cezanne, Aix-en-Provence
Religion and Law in the European Union
9. Toward a ‘Common Law’ on Religion in the European Union; Norman Doe, Cardiff University
10. Mark Hill, Voices in the Wilderness: The Established Church of England and the European Union
11. "Positive Secularism" and its Development in the Italian Legal System; Vincenzo Pacillo, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Religious Lobbies in the European Union
12. Churches as INGOs and EU Policy Experts? The Europeanization of Religious Organizations; Friederike Böllmann, Philipps University, Marburg
13. Religious Lobbies in the European Union: The Political Role of Western European Christian Churches; Martin Steven, University of Glasgow
14. European Union and New Religions; Sabrina Pastorelli, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Sorbonne
15. Article 52.3: The Logic of Structured Dialogue between Religious Associations and the Institutions of the European Union; Kenneth Houston, University of Ulster, Belfast
Lucian N. Leustean is Lecturer in Politics and International Relations, School of Languages and Social Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham.
John T.S. Madeley is Senior Lecturer in Government in the Department of Government, London School of Economics and Political Science.