1st Edition

Remaking the Readymade Duchamp, Man Ray, and the Conundrum of the Replica

By Adina Kamien-Kazhdan Copyright 2018
    392 Pages 135 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    392 Pages 135 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

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    Replication and originality are central concepts in the artistic oeuvres of Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray. Remaking the Readymade reveals the underlying and previously unexplored processes and rationales for the collaboration between Duchamp, Man Ray, and Arturo Schwarz on the replication of readymades and objects.

    The 1964 editioned replicas of the readymades sent shock waves through the art world. Even though the replicas undermined ideas of authorship and problematized the notion of identity and the artist, they paradoxically shared in the aura of the originals, becoming stand-ins for the readymades. Scholar-poet-dealer Arturo Schwarz played a crucial role, opening the door to joint or alternate authorship—an outstanding relationship between artist and dealer. By unearthing previously unpublished correspondence and documentary materials and combining this material with newly conducted exclusive interviews with key participants, Remaking the Readymade details heretofore unrevealed aspects of the technical processes involved in the (re)creation of iconic, long-lost Dada objects.

    Launched on the heels of the centenary of Duchamp’s Fountain, this new analysis intensifies and complicates our understanding of Duchamp and Man Ray’ initial conceptions, and raises questions about replication and authorship that will stimulate significant debate about the legacy of the artists, the continuing significance of their works, and the meaning of terms such as creativity, originality, and value in the formation of art.

    Table of Contents

    List of Illustrations

    PART I Replication in the 20th Century and the Galleria Schwarz

    Chapter 1 Replication: Motivations, Terms, and Issues
    Replication: Terms and Definitions
    Replication: Why and When?
    Multiples of the 1950s and 1960s: New Initiatives of Artists and Dealers
    The Replica's Aura: Legal and Theoretical Questions

    Chapter 2 Galleria Schwarz
    Arturo Schwarz: From Alexandria to Milan
    The Libreria-Galleria Schwarz
    Views on Dada and Surrealism
    Schwarz, Breton, and Trotsky
    Judaism, Kabbalah, and Alchemy
    Collection and Donation

    PART II Replication in the Oeuvre of Duchamp and Man Ray

    Chapter 3 Duchamp: "Not an Original in the Conventional Sense"
    Duchamp and the Readymade
    Duchamp and Replication
    Duchamp Replicators 1950-1966

    Chapter 4 Man Ray: Objects to Multiples
    Multiform Man Ray
    Exhibitions and Reputation
    "Objects of My Affection"
    Duchamp-Man Ray Creative Exchange
    Replication of Man Ray’s Objects Pre-Schwarz

    PART II Commissioning and Making of the Editioned Replicas

    Chapter 5 Mirrorical Return: Marcel Duchamp's Editioned Readymades
    Arturo Schwarz: The Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp
    Initial Joint Projects: The Erotic Objects
    Exhibitions at Galleria Schwarz and Commissioning of Replicas
    Replication Process
    Case by Case Analysis of the 1964-65 Editions

    Chapter 6 The "Indestructible" Man Ray
    Man Ray and Schwarz: The Rigour of Imagination
    Exhibitions at Galleria Schwarz and Commissioning of Replicas
    Replication Process: Case by Case
    Other Editors of Man Ray’s Objects

    Chapter 7 Reception of the Editioned Replicas
    Duchamp: The Value of the Readymade and its Replicas
    Critical Reception of the 1964 Editions
    Impact on Artists and Scholarship
    Art Market History and Museum Purchasing Policies


    I Unpublished Correspondence
    II Interviews
    III General
    IV Publications by Arturo Schwarz

    Appendix A Marcel Duchamp – original to replica tables
    B Man Ray – original to replica tables


    Adina Kamien-Kazhdan, PhD, is David Rockefeller Senior Curator, The Stella Fischbach Department of Modern Art at The Israel Museum, Jerusalem.

    "Drawing on previously unpublished correspondence, documentary materials and new interviews, this compelling and timely volume examines the collaborative production and meaning of editioned replicas and their impact on notions of originality, authenticity and authorship. A must read for understanding the creative legacy of the ready-mades!"

     —Dalia Judovitz, author of Drawing on Art: Duchamp and Company