Remaking the Readymade : Duchamp, Man Ray, and the Conundrum of the Replica book cover
1st Edition

Remaking the Readymade
Duchamp, Man Ray, and the Conundrum of the Replica

ISBN 9780367516161
Published July 3, 2020 by Routledge
392 Pages 135 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Replication and originality are central concepts in the artistic oeuvres of Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray. Remaking the Readymade reveals the underlying and previously unexplored processes and rationales for the collaboration between Duchamp, Man Ray, and Arturo Schwarz on the replication of readymades and objects.

The 1964 editioned replicas of the readymades sent shock waves through the art world. Even though the replicas undermined ideas of authorship and problematized the notion of identity and the artist, they paradoxically shared in the aura of the originals, becoming stand-ins for the readymades. Scholar-poet-dealer Arturo Schwarz played a crucial role, opening the door to joint or alternate authorship—an outstanding relationship between artist and dealer. By unearthing previously unpublished correspondence and documentary materials and combining this material with newly conducted exclusive interviews with key participants, Remaking the Readymade details heretofore unrevealed aspects of the technical processes involved in the (re)creation of iconic, long-lost Dada objects.

Launched on the heels of the centenary of Duchamp’s Fountain, this new analysis intensifies and complicates our understanding of Duchamp and Man Ray’ initial conceptions, and raises questions about replication and authorship that will stimulate significant debate about the legacy of the artists, the continuing significance of their works, and the meaning of terms such as creativity, originality, and value in the formation of art.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

PART I Replication in the 20th Century and the Galleria Schwarz

Chapter 1 Replication: Motivations, Terms, and Issues
Replication: Terms and Definitions
Replication: Why and When?
Multiples of the 1950s and 1960s: New Initiatives of Artists and Dealers
The Replica's Aura: Legal and Theoretical Questions

Chapter 2 Galleria Schwarz
Arturo Schwarz: From Alexandria to Milan
The Libreria-Galleria Schwarz
Views on Dada and Surrealism
Schwarz, Breton, and Trotsky
Judaism, Kabbalah, and Alchemy
Collection and Donation

PART II Replication in the Oeuvre of Duchamp and Man Ray

Chapter 3 Duchamp: "Not an Original in the Conventional Sense"
Duchamp and the Readymade
Duchamp and Replication
Duchamp Replicators 1950-1966

Chapter 4 Man Ray: Objects to Multiples
Multiform Man Ray
Exhibitions and Reputation
"Objects of My Affection"
Duchamp-Man Ray Creative Exchange
Replication of Man Ray’s Objects Pre-Schwarz

PART II Commissioning and Making of the Editioned Replicas

Chapter 5 Mirrorical Return: Marcel Duchamp's Editioned Readymades
Arturo Schwarz: The Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp
Initial Joint Projects: The Erotic Objects
Exhibitions at Galleria Schwarz and Commissioning of Replicas
Replication Process
Case by Case Analysis of the 1964-65 Editions

Chapter 6 The "Indestructible" Man Ray
Man Ray and Schwarz: The Rigour of Imagination
Exhibitions at Galleria Schwarz and Commissioning of Replicas
Replication Process: Case by Case
Other Editors of Man Ray’s Objects

Chapter 7 Reception of the Editioned Replicas
Duchamp: The Value of the Readymade and its Replicas
Critical Reception of the 1964 Editions
Impact on Artists and Scholarship
Art Market History and Museum Purchasing Policies


I Unpublished Correspondence
II Interviews
III General
IV Publications by Arturo Schwarz

Appendix A Marcel Duchamp – original to replica tables
B Man Ray – original to replica tables

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Adina Kamien-Kazhdan, PhD, is David Rockefeller Senior Curator, The Stella Fischbach Department of Modern Art at The Israel Museum, Jerusalem.


"Drawing on previously unpublished correspondence, documentary materials and new interviews, this compelling and timely volume examines the collaborative production and meaning of editioned replicas and their impact on notions of originality, authenticity and authorship. A must read for understanding the creative legacy of the ready-mades!"

 —Dalia Judovitz, author of Drawing on Art: Duchamp and Company