2nd Edition

Remote Sensing Handbook, Second Edition, Six Volume Set

Edited By Prasad Thenkabail
    3512 Pages 958 Color & 204 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This comprehensive six volume handbook establishes a new standard for spanning and integrating discussion of remote sensing principles, data, methods, development, and applications in a scientific and social context. Advances in remote sensing with the arrival of machine learning, cloud computing, AI, and big data from multiple new generation of sensors are taken into consideration in the new edition along with many new applications of remotely sensed data. This thoroughly revised and updated volume draws on the expertise of a diverse array of leading international authorities in remote sensing and provides an essential resource for researchers at all levels interested in using remote sensing.


    • Provides the most up to date comprehensive coverage of remote sensing science.
    • Discusses and analyzes data from new sensors and new satellites.
    • Includes numerous case studies on advances and applications at a global scale.
    • Introduces advanced methods in remote sensing such as machine learning, cloud computing, and AI.
    • Highlights scientific achievements over the last decade and provides guidance for future developments.

    This set is an excellent resource for the entire remote sensing and GIS community. Academics, researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, as well as practitioners, decision-makers, and policymakers, will benefit from the expertise of the professionals featured in these handbooks, and their extensive knowledge of new and emerging trends.


    Part I: Earth Observing Satellites and Sensors from Different Eras and their Characteristics 

    1. Remote Sensing Satellites and Sensors: Optical, Radar, LiDAR, Microwave, Hyperspectral, and UAVs 

    Sudhanshu S. Panda, Mahesh N. Rao, Prasad S. Thenkabail, et al. 

     Part II: Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and their Characteristics 

    2. Global Navigation Satellite Systems Theory and Practice:  Evolution, State of Art, and Future Pathways 

    Mohinder S. Grewal 

     3. Global Navigation Satellite System Reflectometry for Ocean and Land Applications 

    Kegen Yu, Chris Rizos, and Andrew Dempster 

     4. Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) for a Wide Array of Terrestrial Applications 

    D. Myszor, O. Antemijczuk, M. Grygierek, et al. 

     Part III: Fundamentals of Remote Sensing: Evolution, State-of-Art, and Future Possibilities 

    5. Fundamentals of Remote Sensing for Terrestrial Applications: Evolution, Current State of Art, and Future Possibilities 

    Natascha Oppelt and Arnab Muhuri 

     Part IV: Data Normalization, Harmonization, and Inter-Sensor Calibration 

    6. Overview of Satellite Image Radiometry in the Solar-Reflective Optical Domain 

    Philippe M. Teillet 

     7. Post-Launch Radiometric Calibration of Satellite-Based Optical Sensors with Emphasis on Terrestrial Reference Standard Sites 

    Philippe M. Teillet and Gyanesh Chander 

     8. Remote Sensing Data Normalization 

    Rudiger Gens and Jordi Cristóbal Rosselló 

     9. Satellite Data Degradations and their Impacts on High Level Products 

    Aolin Jia and Dongdong Wang 

     Part V: Vegetation Index Standardization and Cross Calibration of Data from Multiple Sensors 

    10. Inter- and Intra-sensor Spectral Compatibility and Calibration of the Enhanced Vegetation Indices Tomoaki Miura, Kenta Obata, Hiroki Yoshioka,et al. 

    11. Towards Standardisation of Vegetation Indices 

    Michael D. Steven, Timothy J. Malthus and Frédéric Baret 

     Part VI: Crowdsourcing of Remote Sensing Data 

    12. Crowdsourcing and Remote Sensing: Combining Two Views of the Earth 

    Fabio Dell’Acqua and Silvio Dell’Acqua 

     Part VII: Cloud Computing and Remote Sensing 

    13. Processing Remote Sensing Data in Cloud Computing Environments 

    Ramanathan Sugumaran, James W. Hegeman, Vivek B. Sardeshmukh, et al. 

     14. Cloud Computing in Remote Sensing: A Comprehensive Assessment of State of Arts 

    Lizhe Wang, Jining Yan, Yan Ma, et al. 

     Part VIII: Google Earth for Remote Sensing 

    15. The Legacy of Google Earth in Remote Sensing 

    John E. Bailey and Josh Williams 

    Part IX: Accuracies, Errors, and Uncertainties of Remote Sensing Derived Products 

    16. Assessing Positional and Thematic Accuracies of Maps Generated from Remotely Sensed Data 

    Russell G. Congalton 

     Part X: Remote Sensing Law 

    17. Remote Sensing Law: An Overview of its Development and its Trajectory in the Global Context 

    P.J. Blount 

     Part XI: Summary and Synthesis of Volume I 

    18. Remote Sensing Handbook, Volume I: Sensors, Data Normalization, Harmonization, Cloud Computing, and Accuracies 

    Prasad S. Thenkabail 

    Volume II 

    Part I: Image Processing Methods and Approaches 

     1. Digital Image Processing: A Review of the Fundamental Methods and Techniques 

    Sunil Narumalani and Paul Merani 

     2. Image Classification Methods in Land Cover and Land Use and Cropland Studies 

    Mutlu Ozdogan 

     3. Urban Image Classification: Per-pixel Classifiers, Sub-pixel Analysis, Object-based Image Analysis, and Geospatial Methods 

    Soe W. Myint, Victor Mesev, Dale Quattrochi, et al. 

    4. Hyperspectral Image Processing: Methods and Approaches 

    Jun Li and Antonio Plaza 

     5. Collaborative Representation for Hyperspectral Image Classification and Detection 

    Qian Du, Chiranjibi Shah, Hongjun Su, et al.  

     6. Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing: Principles and Theoretical Background 

    Claudia Kuenzer, Philipp Reiners, Jianzhong Zhang,et al.  

     7. Remote Sensing Image Segmentation: Methods, Approaches, and Advances 

    Mohammad D. Hossain and Dongmei Chen 

     8. Object Based Image Analysis: Evolution, History, State-of-the-Art and Future Vision 

    Thomas Blaschke, Maggi Kelly, and Helena Merschdorf 

     9. Geospatial Data Integration in OBIA- implications of Accuracy and Validity 

    Stefan Lang and Dirk Tiede 

     10. Image Segmentation Algorithms for Land Categorization 

    James C. Tilton, Selim Aksoy, and Yuliya Tarabalka 

     11. LiDAR Data Processing and Applications 

    Shih-Hong Chio, Tzu-Yi Chuang, Pai-Hui Hsu,et al.  

     Part II: Change Detection 

     12. Forest Clear-Cutting Detection in Subtropical Regions with Time Series Remotely Sensed Data 

    Guiying Li, Mingxing Zhou, Ming Zhang, et al. 

     Part III: Integrating Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing in Spatial Modeling Framework for Decision Support 

     13. Geoprocessing, Workflows, and Provenance 

    Jason A. Tullis, David P. Lanter, Aryabrata Basu, et al.  

     14. Toward Democratization of Geographic Information: GIS, Remote Sensing, and GNSS Applications in Everyday Life 

    Gaurav Sinha, Barry J. Kronenfeld, and Jeffrey C. Brunskill 

     15. Frontiers of GIScience: Evolution, State-of-Art, and Future Pathways 

    May Yuan 

     16. Object-Based Regionalization for Policy-Oriented Partitioning of Space 

    Stefan Lang, Stefan Kienberger, Michael Hagenlocher, et al. 

     Part IV: Summary and Synthesis of Volume 2 

    17. Remote Sensing Handbook, Volume II: Image Processing, Change Detection, GIS and Spatial Data Analysis 

    Prasad Thenkabail 

    Volume III 

    Part I: Vegetation and Biomass 

     1. Measuring Photosynthesis Productivity from Space 

    Alfredo Huete, Guillermo Ponce-Campos, Yongguang Zhang, et al. 

     2. Remote Sensing of Solar-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence 

    Juan Quiros-Vargas, Bastian Siegmann, Juliane Bendig,et al. 

     3. Canopy Biophysical Variables Retrieval from the Inversion of Reflectance Models 

    Frédéric Baret 

     4. Agricultural Crop Biophysical and Biochemical Quantity Retrievals using Remote Sensing with Multi-Sensor 

    Lea Hallik, Egidijus Šarauskis, Ruchita Ingle,et al. 

     5. Agriculture 

    Clement Atzberger and Markus Immitzer 

     Part II: Agricultural Croplands 

     6. Agricultural Systems Studies using Remote Sensing 

    Agnès Bégué, Damien Arvor, Camille Lelong, et al. 

     7. Global Food Security Support Analysis Data (GFSAD) at Nominal 1-km derived from Remote Sensing in Support of Food Security in the Twenty-first Century: Current Achievements and Future Possibilities 

    Pardhasaradhi Teluguntla, Prasad S. Thenkabail, Jun Xiong,et al.  

     8. Remote Sensing for Precision Agriculture     

    Yuxin Miao, David J. Mulla, and Yanbo Huang 

     9. Remote Sensing of Tillage Status 

    Baojuan Zheng, James B. Campbell, Guy Serbin, et al. 

     Part III: Rangelands 

     10. Hyperspectral Remote Sensing for Terrestrial Applications 

    Prasad S. Thenkabail, Itiya Aneece, Pardhasaradhi Teluguntla, et al. 

     11. A Global View of Remote Sensing of Rangelands: Evolution, Applications, Future Pathways 

    Matthew C. Reeves, Robert Washington-Allen, Jay Angerer, et al. 

     12. Remote Sensing of Rangeland Biodiversity 

    E. Raymond Hunt Jr, Cuizhen Wang, D. Terrance Booth, et al. 

     Part IV: Phenology and Food Security 

     13. Characterization, Mapping, and Monitoring of Rangelands: Methods and Approaches 

    Lalit Kumar, Priyakant Sinha, Jesslyn F Brown, et al. 

     Part V: Soils 

     14. Global Land Surface Phenology and Implications for Food Security 

    Molly E Brown, Kirsten de Beurs, and Kathryn Grace 

     15. Spectral Sensing from Ground to Space in Soil Science: State of the Art, Applications, Potential and Perspectives 

    José A. M. Demattê, Cristine L. S. Morgan, Sabine Chabrillat, et al. 

     16. Remote Sensing of Soil in the Optical Domains 

    Eyal Ben-Dor and José Alexandre M. Demattê 

     Part VI: Summary and Synthesis for Volume III 

     17. Remote Sensing Handbook, Vol III: Agriculture, Food Security, Rangelands, Vegetation, Phenology, and Soils 

    Prasad Thenkabail 

    Volume IV  

    Part I: Forests 

    1. Characterizing Tropical Forests with Multispectral Imagery 

    E. H. Helmer, Nicholas R. Goodwin, Valéry Gond, et al. 

     2. Remote Sensing of Forests from Lidar and Radar 

    Juha Hyyppä, Xiaowei Yu, Mika Karjalainen, et al. 

     3. Forest Biophysical and Biochemical Properties from Hyperspectral and LiDAR Remote Sensing 

    Gregory P. Asner, Susan L. Ustin, Philip A. Townsend, et al. 

     4. Optical Remote Sensing of Tree and Stand Heights 

    Sylvie Durrieu, Cédric Véga, Marc Bouvier, et al. 

     Part II: Biodiversity 

     5. Biodiversity of the World: A Study from Space 

    Thomas W. Gillespie, Morgan Rogers, Chelsea Robinson, et al. 

     6. Multi-scale Habitat Mapping and Monitoring using Satellite Data and Advanced Image Analysis Techniques 

    Stefan Lang, Christina Corbane, Palma Blonda, et al. 

     Part III: Ecology 

     7. Ecological Characterization of Vegetation Using Multi-Sensor Remote Sensing in the Solar Reflective Spectrum 

    Conghe Song, Jing Ming Chen, Taehee Hwang, et al. 

    Part IV: Land Use/Land Cover 

     8. Land Cover Change Detection 

    John Rogan and Nathan Mietkiewicz 

     9.  Land Use and Land Cover Mapping and Monitoring with Radar Remote Sensing 

    Zhixin Qi, Anthony Gar-On Yeh, Xia Li, et al.  

     Part V: Carbon 

     10. Global Carbon Budgets and the Role of Remote Sensing 

    Richard A. Houghton 

     11. Above-ground Terrestrial Biomass and Carbon Stock Estimations from Multi-sensor Remote Sensing 

    Wenge Ni-Meister 

     Part VI: Summary and Synthesis of Volume IV 

     12. Remote Sensing Handbook, Volume IV: Forests, Biodiversity, Ecology, LULC and Carbon 

    Prasad Thenkabail 

    Volume V  

    Part I: Geomorphology 

     1. Geomorphological Studies from Remote Sensing 

    James B. Campbell and Lynn M. Resler 

     Part II: Hydrology and Water Resources 

     2. Remote Sensing Technologies for Multi-scale Hydrological Studies: Advances and Perspectives 

    Sadiq I. Khan, Ni-Bin Chang, Yang Hong, et al.  

     3. Groundwater Targeting Using Remote Sensing 

    Santhosh Kumar Seelan 

     Part III: Floods 

     4. Flood Monitoring using the Integration of Remote Sensing and Complementary Techniques 

    Allan S. Arnesen, Frederico T. Genofre, Marcelo P. Curtarelli, et al. 

     5. Flood Studies using Synthetic Aperture Radar Data 

    Sandro Martinis, Claudia Kuenzer, and André Twele 

     6. Remote Sensing of Mangrove Forests 

    Le Wang, Jing Miao, and Ying Lu 

     Part IV: Wetlands 

     7. Remote Sensing of Mangrove Wetlands 

    Chandra Giri 

     8. Wetland Mapping Methods and Techniques Using Multi-Sensor, Multi-Resolution Remote Sensing: Successes and Challenges 

    D. R. Mishra, X. Yan, S. Ghosh, et al. 

     9. Inland Valley Wetland Cultivation and Preservation for Africa’s Green and Blue Revolution using Multi-Sensor Remote Sensing 

    Murali Krishna Gumma, Prasad S. Thenkabail, Pranay Panjala, et al.  

     Part V: Water Use and Water Productivity 

     10. Remote Sensing of Evapotranspiration from Croplands 

    Trent W. Biggs, Pamela L. Nagler, Anderson Ruhoff, et al.  

     11. Modeling and Monitoring Water Productivity by Using Geotechnologies:  Assessments in some Brazilian Agroecosystems 

    Antônio Teixeira, Janice Leivas; Celina Takemura, et al.  

     Part VI: Snow and Ice 

     12. Remote Sensing Mapping and Modeling of Snow Cover Parameters and Applications 

    Hongjie Xie, Tiangang Liang, Xianwei Wang, et al.  

    Part VII: Summary and Synthesis for Volume V 

     13. Remote Sensing Handbook, Volume V: Water Resources, Hydrology, Floods, Snow and Ice, Wetlands, and Water Productivity 

    Prasad S. Thenkabail 

    Volume VI:

    Part I: Droughts and Drylands 

    1. Drought Monitoring Using Vegetation Health Indices 

    Felix Kogan and Wei Guo 

    2. Studies using Space-derived Vegetation and Biophysical Products: A Global Perspective 

    F. Rembold, M. Meroni, O. Rojas, et al. 

    3. Remote Sensing of Drought: Satellite-Based Monitoring Tools for the United States 

    Brian D. Wardlow, Martha A. Anderson, Tsegaye Tadesse, et al. 

    4. Regional Drought Monitoring Based on Multi-Sensor Remote Sensing 

    Jinyoung Rhee, Jungho Im, and Seonyoung Park 

    5. Land Degradation Assessment and Monitoring of Drylands 

    Marion Stellmes, Ruth Sonnenschein, Achim Röder, et al.  

    Part II: Disasters 

    6. Disasters: Risk Assessment, Management and Post-Disaster Studies Using Remote Sensing 

    Norman Kerle 

    7. Humanitarian Emergencies: Causes, Traits and Impacts as Observed by Remote Sensing 

    Stefan Lang, Petra Füreder, Olaf Kranz, et al. 

    Part III: Volcanoes 

    8. Remote Sensing of Volcanoes 

    Robert Wright 

    Part IV: Fires 

    9. Satellite-derived Nitrogen Dioxide Variations from Biomass Burning in a Subtropical Evergreen Forest, Northeast India 

    Krishna Prasad Vadrevu and Kristofer Lasko 

    10. Remote Sensing-Based Mapping and Monitoring of Coal Fires 

    Anupma Prakash, Claudia Kuenzer, Santosh K. Panda, et al.  

    Part V: Urban 

    11. Urban Growth and Climatic Mapping of Mega Cities: Multi-Sensor Approach 

    Hasi Bagana, Chaomin Chen, and Yoshiki Yamagata 

    12. High-Resolution Remote Sensing and Visibility Analysis Method for Smart Environment Design 

    Yoshiki Yamagata, Daisuke Murakami, Hajime Seya, et al. 

    Part VI: Nightlights 

    13. Nighttime Light Remote Sensing -- Monitoring Human Societies from Outer Space 

    Qingling Zhang, Noam Levin, Christos Chalkias, et al.  

    Part VII: Summary and Synthesis for Volume VI 

    14. Remote Sensing Handbook, Volume VI: Droughts, Disasters, Pollution, and Urban Mapping 

    Prasad S. Thenkabail 



    Dr. Prasad S. Thenkabail, Senior Scientist (ST), United States Geological Survey (USGS), is a world-recognized expert in remote sensing science with major contributions in the field for nearly 40 years. He has made the list of the world’s top 1% of scientists across 22 scientific fields and 176 sub-fields. Dr. Thenkabail has conducted pioneering research in hyperspectral remote sensing of vegetation, global croplands, and their water use for food security. He obtained his PhD from the Ohio State University in 1992 and has 168 peer-reviewed publications including 15 books, including this six-volume set, and over 15 major data releases such as the Landsat-derived global cropland extent product @ 30m and Landsat-derived rainfed and irrigated cropland area product @ 30 m (LGRIP30). He was recognized as a Fellow of the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS) in 2023. His scientific papers have won several awards for demonstrating world-class, highest-quality research. He was a Landsat Science Team Member (2007-2011).