1st Edition

Renewable Energy Support Schemes in the EU State Aid Law and the Free Movement of Goods

By Theodoros G. Iliopoulos Copyright 2025
    228 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The book analyses how State aid law and the law of the free movement of goods apply to renewable energy support schemes, how they have impacted on the design and implementation of national support schemes, and how they have been instrumentalised to affect national renewable energy support policies.

    Legal theory and practice have not given a methodical answer to the following questions: when do renewable energy support schemes constitute State aid? When are they compatible with the internal market? When do they pose fiscal or non-fiscal trade barriers? And are such trade barriers justifiable? This book answers such questions from a theoretical and a practice-oriented point of view, and aspires to elucidate how EU primary law should apply to support schemes. It critically analyses case law, and it interprets and examines the practical application of primary EU law, secondary State aid legislation, as well as soft law State aid Guidelines.

    This book will be of interest to practitioners, judges, academics, and students and policy makers that are interested in scrutinising the legality of renewable energy support schemes within the EU legal order.

    Foreword by Bernard Vanheusden


    1. An Introduction of the Impact of EU Primary Law on Renewable Energy Support Schemes

    2. Renewable Energy Support Schemes as State Aid

    3. The Compatibility with the Internal Market of Renewable Energy Support Schemes that Constitute State Aid

    4. Renewable Energy Support Schemes and the Law of the Free Movement of Goods

    5. Conclusion: The Compliance of Renewable Energy Support Schemes with EU Primary Law


    Theodoros G. Iliopoulos specialises in energy law & economics and the regulation of the energy transition. He is a visiting professor at Hasselt University and a researcher of Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO). He has also worked as a lawyer, has participated in research projects of Columbia University and the European Commission, and has co-ordinated and taught courses of EU energy and environmental law in inter alia the Free University of Brussels (VUB) and the University of Athens. He has studied law at the University of Athens (LLB, LLM), Utrecht University (LLM), Hasselt University and the University of Maastricht (PhD).