1st Edition

Repatriation, Science and Identity

    292 Pages 5 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Repatriation, Science, and Identity explores the entanglement of race, history, identity and ethics inherent in the application of scientific techniques to determine the provenance of Indigenous Ancestral Remains in repatriation claims and processes.

    The book considers how these issues relate to collections of Indigenous Ancestral (bodily) Remains but also their resonance with emerging concerns about the relatively unknown history of scientific interest in Indigenous hair and blood samples. It also explores the more recent practice of sampling for the purposes of DNA analysis and issues concerning the data that has been produced from all of the above types of research. Placing recent interest in applying scientific techniques to repatriation in their historical context, it enables discourses of identity and scientific authority, an assessment of their efficacy and an exploration of ethical and practical challenges and opportunities. In doing so, this book reveals new histories about scientific interest in Indigenous biology and the collections that resulted, as well as providing reflection for all repatriation practitioners considering scientific investigation when faced with the challenges inherent in the repatriation of unprovenanced or poorly provenanced Ancestral Remains.

    Providing the reader with a means to approach the value, or otherwise, of the scientific information they may encounter, Repatriation, Science, and Identity is an invaluable resource for researchers and professionals working with Indigenous Ancestral Remains.

    1.       Science, race, identity and repatriation – key issues

    Cressida Fforde, Hilary Howes, Gareth Knapman, and Lyndon Ormond-Parker


    2.       Indigenous Bodies Are Not Your Property: Restoring the Authority of Indigenous Consent Restores Justice

    Honor Keeler


    3.       Surveying Craniometry

    Paul Turnbull


    4.       Craniometry and Indigenous Repatriation

    Cressida Fforde, Alex Roginski, Alan Goodman, Paul Turnbull, Hilary Howes


    5.       The return of Ancestral Hawaiian Remains Housed at the Duckworth Laboratory, The University of Cambridge

    Edward Halealoha Ayau, Cressida Fforde, Alan Goodman, Gareth Knapman


    6.       Explanations of failure: Identifying racial logic, scientific authority, and notions of authenticity in the 19th and early 20th centuries

    Hilary Howes, Gareth Knapman, Andreas Winkelmann, Cressida Fforde, Paul Turnbull


    7.       The primary characteristic of race: a history of hair samples from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as sites of scientific analysis

    Anne Faithfull


    8.       Blood and the second wave of collecting

    Gareth Knapman


    9.       “We are taking it back to our homeland; We are free to move on”: repatriation of blood samples to the Galiwin’ku Community

    Azure Hermes, Sharon Huebner, Simon Easteal, Lyndon Ormond-Parker, Alice McCarthy, Rosemary Guŋdjarranbuy Garrawurra, Ross Mandi Wunungmurra


    10.   Ancestors Now: DNA technologies, identity and the repatriation of Indigenous Ancestral Remains

    Alexandra Roginski and Cressida Fforde


    11.   Indigenous Data Sovereignty, Repatriation and the Biopolitics of DNA

    Stephanie Carroll, Daryle Rigney, Steve Hemming, Amy Della-Sale, Lauren Booker, Shaun Berg, Larissa Behrendt, Simone Bignall


    Professor Cressida Fforde is a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Heritage and Museum Studies at The Australian National University (ANU). She has undertaken scholarly and applied research in repatriation since the early 1990s and has been a founding member of the Return Reconcile Renew initiative since 2013 (www.returnreconcilerenew.info).

    Dr Hilary Howes is an Australian Research Council DECRA Fellow based in the Centre for Heritage and Museum Studies at ANU. Her research to date addresses the German-speaking tradition within anthropology and archaeology, focusing on Austrian, German, Russian and Swiss collectors and collecting in Australia and the Pacific region.

    Dr Gareth Knapman is a Research Fellow with the Centre for Heritage and Museum Studies at ANU. Dr Knapman previously worked as a curator and repatriation officer at Museum Victoria's Indigenous Cultures Department. He has written extensively on museum collections and collecting and has made significant contributions to Australian Aboriginal history.

    Associate Professor Lyndon Ormond-Parker (Alyawarr) is an Australian Research Council Research Fellow (IN220100008) in the Centre for Heritage and Museum Studies at ANU. He is also a Principal Research Fellow in the ARC Centre of Excellence for Automated Decision-Making and Society at RMIT University (CE200100005).