The readings in this collection provide a comprehensive guide to the established knowledge and emerging issues regarding democratizing public bureaucracies by making them socially representative. The book includes both classic and cutting-edge works, and presents a contemporary model for analyzing representative bureaucracy that focuses on the linkages between social origins, life experiences, attitudes, and administrators' decision making. The selections address many of the leading concerns of contemporary politics, including diversity and equal opportunity policy, democratic control of administration, administrative performance, the pros and cons of the new public management, and reinventing government. Many of the field's most cited works are included. Each chapter starts with an introductory summary of the key questions under consideration and concludes with discussion questions. With it's extensive selection of classic and contemporary readings, the book will have wide application for courses on bureaucracy, public administration, and public sector human resource management.
List of Tables and Figures; Preface; Chapter 1. Theoretical Underpinnings: Why Does the Social Background of Public Administrators Matter? Bureaucracy, Max Weber; Representative Bureaucracy, J. Donald Kingsley; Democracy and the Public Service, Frederick C. Mosher; Representative Bureaucracy, Samuel Krislov; Chapter 2. Public Personnel Policy and Social Representation: How Do Policies for Recruitment, Selection, Promotion, Pay, and Retention Affect Representative Bureaucracy? To Look Like America, Katherine Naff; Measuring Bureaucratic Representation and Integration, David Nachmias and David H. Rosenbloom; The Curious Case of Women in State and Local Government, Lee Sigelman; Black Employment in Municipal Jobs: The Impact of Black Political Power, Peter K. Elsinger; Chapter 3. Social Representation and Public Administrators' Worldviews: What is the Linkage Between Social Background and Civil Servants' Policy Preferences? Bureaucracy and Social Change, Seymour Martin Lipset; Representative Bureaucracy and Policy Preferences: A Study in the Attitudes of Federal Executives, Kenneth John Meier and Lloyd G. Nigro; Passive and Active Representation in the Federal Service: A Comparison of Blacks and Whites, David H. Rosenbloom and Jeannette G. Featherstonhaugh; Policy Preferences on Workplace Reform, Mary M. Hale and M. Frances Branch; Chapter 4. Social Background, Life Experience, and Policy Advocacy: Why Do Civil Servants Act on Policy Preferences Derived from their Social Backgrounds and Life Experiences? Minority Groups in Public Bureaucracies: Are Passive and Active Representation Linked?