Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility provides an overview of the most frequently encountered clinical challenges faced by medical students and residents. Part I begins with chapters on reproductive hormonal physiology and development to provide a basis for understanding the management of the most common reproductive clinical problems that confront obstetrician-gynecologists and other practitioners in women’s health. Several of the chapters, including obesity, premenstrual syndrome, menopause and imaging, provide a cross-disciplinary approach to endocrine related problems common among reproductive aged women. Part II includes chapters on the evaluation of infertility, as well as surgical and medical approaches to treating infertility in men and women. The chapter on alternative medicine provides a basis for understanding the increasingly popular use of therapies such as acupuncture and herbal treatments. The last chapter discusses the influence of environmental factors on fertility, an important field that is often ignored in the traditional approach to infertility. This text is meant to be used as a portable reference with readily accessible information including a summary of key points in each chapter. All of the contributors are involved in residency training programs and understand the kinds of patient management questions that are encountered in a busy practice. Our goal with this book is to provide information that will support solid patient management and hopefully pique the appetite to learn more.