1st Edition

Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology A Text and Reader

By Christine Tartaro Copyright 2021
    502 Pages 32 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    502 Pages 32 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book explains and illustrates criminal justice research topics, including ethics in research, research design, causation, operationalization of variables, sampling, methods of data collection (including surveys), reliance on existing data, validity, and reliability. For each approach, the book addresses the procedures and issues involved, the method’s strengths and drawbacks, and examples of actual research using that method. Every section begins with a brief summary of the research method. Introductory essays set the stage for students regarding the who, what, when, where, and why of each research example, and relevant discussion questions and exercises direct students to focus on the important concepts.

    Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology: A Text and Reader features interesting and relevant articles from leading journals, which have been expertly edited to highlight research design issues. The text offers instructors a well-rounded and convenient collection that eliminates the need to sift through journals to find articles that illustrate important precepts. All articles are recent and address issues relevant to the field today, such as immigration and crime, security post-9/11, racial profiling, and selection bias in media coverage of crime. Ensuring a rich array, additional articles are downloadable at the Support Materials tab at www.routledge.com/9780367508890.

    The book encourages classroom discussion and critical thinking and is an essential tool for undergraduate and graduate research methods courses in criminal justice, criminology, and related fields.

    1. Introduction

    2. Reading and Reviewing Research

    3. Ethics in Criminal Justice Research

    Reading 3-1: Researching the registered: Challenges and suggestions for researchers studying sex offender populations.
    J. L. Klein, D. J. S. Bailey, & L. L. Sample

    4. Causation, Experimental, and Quasi-experimental Designs

    Reading 4-1: The methodological struggles of racial profiling research: A causal question that automobile stop data has yet to answer
    S. W. Fallik

    Reading 4-2: The impact of hot spots policing on collective efficacy: Findings from a randomized field trial
    T. R. Kochel & D. Weisburd

    Reading 4-3: Cognitive-behavioral programming and the value of failed interventions: A propensity score evaluation
    B. M. Strah, N. A. Frost, J. I. Stowell, & S. A. Taheri

    5. Pre-experimental, Longitudinal, and Cross-sectional Designs

    Reading 5-1: Knowledge of the 911 Good Samaritan Law and 911-calling behavior of overdose witnesses
    A. Jakubowski, H. V. Kunins, Z. Huxley-Reicher, & A. Siegler

    Reading 5-2: A comparison between two retrospective alcohol consumption measures and the daily drinking diary method with university students
    C. Patterson, L. Hogan, & M. Cox

    6. Measurement, Validity, and Reliability

    Reading 6-1: Systemic error: Measuring gender in criminological research
    J. L. Valcore & R. Pfeffer

    Reading 6-2: We don’t like your type around here: Regional and residential differences in exposure to online hate material targeting sexuality
    M. Costello, J. Rukus, & J. Hawdon

    Reading 6-3: Popping the cultural bubble of violence risk assessment tools
    S. M. Shepherd & T. Anthony

    Reading 6-4: Fieldwork protocol as a safety inventory tool in public places
    V. Ceccato

    7. Measuring Crime: The UCR, NIBRS, and NCVS

    Reading 7-1: Urban crime rates and the changing face of immigration: Evidence across four decades
    R. Adelman, L. W. Reid, G. Markle, S. Weiss, & C. Jaret

    Reading 7-2: The consequences of identity theft victimization: An examination of emotional and physical health outcomes
    K. Golladay & K. Holtfreter

    8. Sampling

    Reading 8-1: Methodology matters: Comparing sample types and data collection methods in a juror decision-making study on the influence of defendant race
    E. M. Maeder, S. Yamamoto, & L. A. McManus

    Reading 8-2: The effect of community-level alarm ownership on burglary rates
    J. Roth, S. Lee, & J. Joo

    Reading 8-3: Ayúdame! Who can help me? The help-seeking decisions of battered undocumented Latinas
    D. Mowder, F. Lutze, & H. Namgung

    9. Surveys and Interviews

    Reading 9-1: The malleability of attitudes toward the police: Immediate effects of the viewing of police use of force videos
    R. Boivin, A. Gendron, C. Faubert, & B. Poulin

    Reading 9-2: "Well, there’s a more scientific way to do it!": Factors influencing receptivity to evidence-based practices in police organizations
    H. Kalyal

    10. Field Research

    Reading 10-1: Consumption and community: The subcultural contexts of disparate marijuana practices in jam band and hip-hop scenes
    M. Pawson & B. C. Kelly

    11. Less Obtrusive Methods

    Reading 11-1: "I hate these little turds!": Science, entertainment, and the enduring popularity of Scared Straight programs
    J. Maahs & T. C. Pratt

    Reading 11-2: A quasi-experimental evaluation of the effects of police body-worn cameras (BWCs) on response-to-resistance in a large metropolitan police department
    W. G. Jennings, L. A. Fridell, M. Lynch, K. K. Jetelina, & J. M. Reingle Gonzalez

    Reading 11-3: Psychometric properties of the UNCOPE: Screening for DSM-5 substance use disorder among a state juvenile justice population
    S. L. Proctor, A. M. Kopak, & Hoffmann, N. G.

    Reading 11-4: Looking inside the black box of drug courts: A meta-analytic review
    D. K. Shaffer

    12. Policy Analysis and Program Evaluation

    Reading 12-1: The cannabis effect on crime: Time-series analysis of crime in Colorado and Washington state
    R. Lu, D. Willits, M. K. Stohr, D. Makin, J. Snyder, N. Lovrich, M. Meize, D. Stanton, G. Wu, & C. Hemmens

    Reading 12-2: Treatment integrity and recidivism among sex offenders: The relationship between CPC scores and program effectiveness
    M. Makarios, L. B. Lovins, A. J. Myer, & E. Latessa

    Online Supplements

    For Chapter 3, Ethics in Criminal Justice Research

    Reading 3-A: Sex with informants as deviant behavior: An account and commentary

    E. Goode

    For Chapter 5, Pre-experimental, Longitudinal, and Cross-sectional Designs

    Reading 5-A: Still paying for the past: Examining gender differences in employment among individuals with a criminal record

    G. Curcio & A. Pattavina

    For Chapter 8, Sampling

    Reading 8-A: Homeless women’s service use, barriers, and motivation for participating in substance use treatment

    C. C. Upshur, D. Jenkins, L. Weinreb, L. Gelberg, & E. A. Orvek

    Reading 8-B: The willingness of people who inject drugs in Boston to use a supervised injection facility

    C. León, L. Cardoso, S. Mackin, B. Bock, & J. M. Gaeta

    For Chapter 9, Surveys and Interviews

    Reading 9-A: The poly-drug user: Examining associations between drugs used by adolescents

    R. W. Biggar Jr., C. J. Forsyth, J. Chen, & K. Burstein

    Reading 9-B: Ensuring the validity of police use of force training

    N. Rajakaruna, P. J. Henry, A. Cutler, & G. Fairman

    For Chapter 10, Field Research

    Reading 10-A: She got herself there: Narrative resistance in the drug discourse of strippers

    M. F. Lavin

    For Chapter 11, Less Obtrusive Methods

    Reading 11-A: Newsworthiness of missing persons cases: An analysis of selection bias, disparities in coverage, and the narrative framework of news reports

    M. N. Jeanis & R. A. Powers

    Reading 11-B: Procedural justice, overaccommodation, and police authority and professionalism: Results from a randomized experiment

    B. V. Lowrey-Kinberg


    Christine Tartaro is Professor of Criminal Justice at Stockton University. She is an expert in corrections, suicide in correctional facilities, jail design, reentry, correctional treatment of individuals with mental illness, and criminal justice education. She has been teaching research methods since 2004, including teaching both undergraduate and graduate classes, and she writes and grades the research methods questions for her university's Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Program comprehensive exam. Prior to joining Stockton University, Tartaro worked at the New Jersey Department of Corrections, where she evaluated the state residential community release program. She has served as a research consultant to state and local correctional departments and private treatment agencies. She has been published in several journals, including The Prison Journal, Corrections: Policy, Practice, and Research, and The Journal of Criminal Justice Education. Tartaro received her PhD and MA in criminal justice from Rutgers University and her BA in history from the College of New Jersey.

    "This book offers an approachable introduction to research methods with plenty of examples within the field of criminology and criminal justice. Students will benefit immensely from the critical review of various research methods and their application to criminal justice topics. Additionally, this book effectively supports instructors in facilitating classroom discussions that encourage the application of critical thinking skills."

    Elias S. Nader, PhD, Assistant Professor, School of Criminal Justice, University of Baltimore