1st Edition

Research Methods in Physical Activity and Health

Edited By Stephen R. Bird Copyright 2019
    366 Pages
    by Routledge

    366 Pages
    by Routledge

    Physical activity is vital for good health. It has an established strong evidence base for its positive effects on functional capacity, reducing the risk of many chronic diseases, and promoting physical, mental and social well-being. Furthermore, these benefits are evident across a diversity of ages, groups and populations. The need for these benefits in current societies means that exercise practitioners, professional bodies, institutions, health authorities and governments require high quality evidence to establish appropriate exercise guidelines, implementation strategies and effective exercise prescription at individual, group and population levels. Research Methods in Physical Activity and Health is the first book to comprehensively present the issues associated with physical activity and health research and outline methods available along with considerations of the issues associated with these methods and working with particular groups.

    The book outlines the historical and scientific context of physical activity and health research before working through the full research process, from generating literature reviews and devising a research proposal, through selecting a research methodology and quantifying physical activity and outcome measures, to disseminating findings. Including a full section on conducting research studies with special populations, the book includes chapters on:

    • Observational and cross-sectional studies;
    • Interviews, questionnaires and focus groups;
    • Qualitative and quantitative research methods;
    • Epidemiological research methods;
    • Physical activity interventions and sedentary behaviour; and
    • Working with children, older people, indigenous groups, LGBTI groups, and those with physical and mental health issues.

    Research Methods in Physical Activity and Health is the only book to approach the full range of physical activity research methods from a health perspective. It is essential reading for any undergraduate student conducting a research project or taking applied research modules in physical activity and health, graduate students of epidemiology, public health, exercise psychology or exercise physiology with a physical activity and health focus, or practicing researchers in the area.

    1. Why Research into Health and Physical Activity?

    Stephen R. Bird

    2.The Historical and Current Context for Research into Health and Physical Activity

    Stephen R Bird and David Broom

    3. Health Concepts

    David Broom

    4. Nurture vs Nature: The Genetics and Epigenetics of Exercise

    Macsue Jacques, Shanie Landen, Sarah Voisin, Séverine Lamon, and Nir Eynon

    5. Systematically Searching and Reviewing the Literature

    Nirav Maniar, Kathryn Duncan, and David Opar

    6. Producing the Research Proposal

    Marie Murphy and Catherine Woods

    7. Ethical Issues in Health and Physical Activity Research

    Valerie Cox

    8. Observational (Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal) Studies

    Christopher S. Owens, Diane Crone, Christopher Gidlow, and David VB James

    9. Interviews and Focus Groups

    Diane Crone and Lorena Lozano-Sufrategui

    10. Questionnaires

    Philip Hurst and Stephen R. Bird

    11. Notes and Tips on Surveys

    Philip Hurst and Stephen R. Bird

    12. Qualitative Research in Physical Activity and Health

    Brett Smith and Cassandra Phoenix

    13. Intervention studies, training studies and determining the acute responses to bouts of exercise

    Stephen R. Bird and Catherine Woods

    14. An Introduction to Research Methods in the Epidemiology of Health and Physical Activity

    Trine Moholdt and Bjarne M. Nes

    15. Research into Sedentary Behaviour

    Nicola D. Ridgers and Simone J.J.M. Verswijveren

    16. Ensuring Quality Data: Validity, Reliability and Error

    Damian A. Coleman and Jonathan D. Wiles

    17. Quantitative Data Analyses

    Richard Davison and Paul M. Smith

    18. Measurement of Physical Behaviours in Free-Living Populations

    Alan E. Donnelly and Kieran P. Dowd

    19. Measurements of Physical Health and Functional Capacity

    Brett Gordon and Isaac Selva Raj

    20. Physical activity and the "feel-good" effect: challenges in researching the pleasure and displeasure people feel when they exercise

    Panteleimon Ekkekakis, Matthew A Ladwig, and Mark E Hartman

    21. Studying the Risks of Exercise and Its Negative Impacts

    Andy Smith and Nathalie Noret

    22. Research Studies with Children

    Michael J. Duncan and Keith Tolfrey

    23. Research Studies with Older People

    Jane Sims and Harriet Radermacher

    24. Working with Indigenous and Other Cultural Groups

    Aunty Kerrie Doyle and Elizabeth Pressick

    25. Research Methods in Physical Activity and Health: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

    Damon Kendrick

    26. Conducting Physical Activity Research Within Chronic Disease Populations

    Brigid M. Lynch, Lucy Hackshaw-McGeagh, and Julian Sacre

    27. Research Studies with Populations with Mental Health Issues

    Andy Smith and Nathalie Noret

    28. Research Studies in Populations with Physical Disabilities

    Christof A. Leicht, Barry Mason, and Jan W. van der Scheer

    29. Using Health Equity to Guide Future Physical Activity Research Involving People Living with Serious Mental Illness

    Paul Gorczynski, Shanaya Rathod, and Kass Gibson

    30. Disseminating the Research Findings

    Ashleigh Moreland and Joshua Denham

    31. Translating Research Findings into Community Interventions. Considerations for Design and Implementation: A Case Based Approach.

    Andrew D Williams, Lucy K Byrne, Lindsey B Strieter, Greig Watson, and Ross Arena


    32. Translating Research Findings Into Community Interventions. Considerations for Design and Implementation: A Case Based Approach

    Andrew D Williams, Lucy K Byrne, Lindsey B Strieter, Greig Watson, and Ross Arena


    Stephen R. Bird is a Research Group Leader at RMIT University, Australia. He has over 30 years of experience working in the University and Hospital sectors in the field of Health and Exercise. He has authored five books in the field, as well as numerous book chapters and over 100 articles on the subject. He is an active member of numerous professional associations, including being a former Chair of the Physiology Section of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences. His current research interests include physical activity for older people, the prevention of chronic diseases, and the use of exercise in rehabilitation programs.