1st Edition

Resettlement with People First Counterfactual Pathways

Edited By Susanna Price, Jay Drydyk Copyright 2024
    280 Pages 11 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Should people in the way lose out as new reservoirs, mines, plantations, or superhighways displace them from their homes and livelihoods? What if the process of resettlement were made accountable to those impacted, empowering them to achieve just outcomes and to share in the benefits of development projects? This book seeks to answer these questions, putting forward powerful counterfactual case studies to assess what problems real-world development projects would likely have avoided if the project had included the affected people in decision making about whether and how they should resettle.

    Drawing on contributions from leading and emerging scholars from around the world, this book considers cases involving dams, mines, roads, and housing, amongst others, from Asia, Africa, and South America. In each case, the counterfactual approach invites us to reconsider how the dynamics of accountability play out through resettlement hazards and the asymmetries of power relations in the negotiation of displacement benefits and redress. Considering a range of theoretical and ethical perspectives, the book concludes with practical, alternative policy suggestions for displacement arising both from development and from slow onset climate change.

    This book’s novel approach focussing on the people's agency in the dynamics of governance, accountability, and (dis)empowerment in development projects with displacement and resettlement will appeal to academic researchers, development practitioners, and policymakers.


    Susanna Price and Jay Drydyk


    1.   How participation affects involuntary resettlement: evidence from the World Bank

    Warren A. Van Wicklin III


    2.   Kariba resettlement and decision-making  

    Joshua Matanzima


    3.   Alternative development paths in Manantali, Mali

          Dolores Koenig


    4.   What if: free, prior, and informed consent for Pak Mun Dam?

          Ian G. Baird


    5.   Meaningful participation and governance for the Pehuenche: Pangue and Ralco Dams

    Jeanne W. Simon and Claudio González Parra


    6.   Mapping and identification of ‘unanticipated’ impact: the Jamuna Bridge Project

    Mohammad Zaman


    7.   Resettler input and equity outcomes in climate-related resettlement in Iloilo, Philippines

    Justin See, Brooke Wilmsen, and Emma Porio


    8.   Empowerment through consultation and participation: a counterfactual case study in Odisha State, India

    Jayantha Perera


    9.   Empowerment through agreement making: Ahafo Gold Mine in Ghana

    Eddie Smyth


    10. Shifting power to affected communities: a counterfactual study of an IFC investment in a Guinean bauxite mine

    Natalie Bugalski


    11. Conclusion

    Susanna Price

    Susanna Price


    Susanna Price was the first international resettlement specialist recruited to the Asian Development Bank, Manila. Now based in the College of Asia and the Pacific at the Australian National University (ANU) she publishes regularly on displacement, resettlement, and social analysis. Her PhD is from Kyoto University, Japan.

    Jay Drydyk is Professor of Philosophy at Carleton University, Canada; past President of the International Development Ethics Association; and past President of the Human Development and Capability Association. He is a Canadian philosopher whose research examines development from perspectives in ethics and social/political philosophy including the capability approach. Recent publications include the Routledge Handbook of Development Ethics (with Lori Keleher) in 2019.