This volume provides an important and exciting contribution to the knowledge on punishment across Europe.
Over the past decade, punitiveness has been studied through analyses of ‘increased’ or ‘new’ forms of punishment in western countries. Comparative studies on the other hand have illustrated important differences in levels of punitiveness between these countries and have tried to explain these differences by looking at risk and protective factors. Covering both quantitative and qualitative dimensions, this book focuses on mechanisms interacting with levels of punitiveness that seem to allow room for less punitive (political) choices, especially within a European context: social policies, human rights and a balanced approach to victim rights and public opinion in constitutional democracies.
The book is split into three sections:
This book will be a valuable addition to the literature in this field and will be of interest to students, scholars and policy officials across Europe and elsewhere.
1. Resisting Punitiveness in Europe? An Introduction, Sonja Snacken and Els Dumortier 2. Political Economy, Welfare and Punishment in Comparative Perspective, David Downes 3. Explaining National Differences in the Use of Imprisonment, Tapio Lappi-Seppälä 4. The Scandinavian Path to Welfare, Stein Kuhnle 5. Penalisation and Social Policies, Philippe Mary and Jacky Nagels 6. The Rise of the Penal State: What can Human Rights Do About It?, Els Dumortier, Serge Gutwirth, Sonja Snacken and Paul De Hert 7. Human Rights and Penalization in Central and Eastern Europe: the Case of Hungary, Miklós Lévay 8. Human Rights as the Good and the Bad Conscience of Criminal Law, Françoise Tulkens 9. Victims and the Penal Process: Roles, Expectations and Disappointments, Noëlle Languin and Christian-Nils Robert with the collaboration of Milena Abbiati and Mina Rauschenbach 11. Punitivity From a Victim’s Perspective, Ivo Aertsen 12. Punitive Needs, Society and Public Opinion: An Explorative Study of Ambivalent Attitudes to Punishment and Criminal Justice, Kristof Verfaillie