Current development results in a linear flow from raw material to waste, which cannot be sustainable in the long term. Plus, a global population of 7 billion people means that there are 7 billion waste producers in the world. At present, dumping and landfilling are the primary practices for getting rid of municipal solid waste (MSW). However, this waste contains resources that we’ve yet to utilize. To create sustainable societies, we need to approach zero waste by recovering these resources.
There are cities and countries where zero waste is close to becoming a reality. Landfilling of organic waste is forbidden in Europe, and countries such as Sweden, Germany, Belgium, and Switzerland have developed a variety of technologies to recover resources from MSW.
Resource Recovery to Approach Zero Municipal Waste explores the solid waste management laws and regulations of different countries, comparing the latest resource recovery technologies and offering future perspectives. The book tackles the many technical, social, ecological, economical, and managerial aspects of this complex subject while promoting the development of sustainable societies to achieve a greener global environment.
Table of Contents
An Overview of Solid Waste Management toward Zero Landfill: A Swedish Model
Kamran Rousta, Tobias Richards, and Mohammad J. Taherzadeh
Sustainable Management of Solid Waste
Kim Bolton, Barbara De Mena, and Gerhard Schories
Laws and Regulations Governing Waste Management: Institutional Arrangements Regarding Waste Management
Ulla Eriksson-Zetterquist and Maria José Zapata Campos
Source Separation of Household Waste: Technology and Social Aspects
Kamran Rousta and Lisa Dahlén
Composting of Wastes
Antoni Sánchez, Xavier Gabarrell, Adriana Artola, Raquel Barrena, Joan Colón, Xavier Font, and Dimitrios Komilis
Biogas from Wastes: Processes and Applications
Maryam M. Kabir, Gergely Forgács, Mohammad J. Taherzadeh, and Ilona Sárvári Horváth
Combustion of Wastes in Combined Heat and Power Plants
Anita Pettersson, Fredrik Niklasson, and Tobias Richards
Recent Developments in the Gasification and Pyrolysis of Waste
Material and Energy Recovery from Electrical and Electronic Equipment Waste: Status, Challenges, and Opportunities
Efthymios Kantarelis, Panagiotis Evangelopoulos, and Weihong Yang
Recycling of Thermoset Composites
Mikael Skrifvars and Dan Åkesson
Recycling of Papers and Fibers
Samuel Schabel, Hans-Joachim Putz, and Winfrid Rauch
Product Design for Material Recovery
Taina Flink and Mats Torring
Landfill Mining: On the Potential and Multifaceted Challenges for Implementation
Joakim Krook, Nils Johansson, and Per Frändegård
Mohammad J. Taherzadeh is a research leader at the Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery, University of Borås, where he is working on waste biorefinery for converting wastes and residuals to ethanol, biogas, animal feed, and biopolymers and focusing on fermentation development using bacteria, yeast, and filamentous fungi. He is also the main supervisor of more than 10 Ph.D students and several postdoctoral fellows. Professor Taherzadeh holds a Ph.D in bioscience and an M.Sc in chemical engineering. He has been a professor of bioprocess technology since 2004. He has to his credit more than 170 publications in peer-reviewed science journals, 12 book chapters, and 3 patents. Professor Taherzadeh collaborates with several companies, and some of his research results have been industrialized. More information about him is available at www.adm.hb.se/~mjt/.
Tobias Richards has been a professor in energy recovery since 2010 at the Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery, University of Borås. He is the leader for the group working on combustion and thermal treatment. Professor Richards’ focus area is treatment by thermal processes of different materials, especially mixed materials such as waste. His aim is to get valuable products like electricity, heat, synthesis gas, and pyrolysis oil, and when necessary, destroy potential harmful substances. Professor Richards has to his credit 30 peer-reviewed and published articles and 2 book chapters and is currently supervising 5 Ph.D students.
"This book is an important contribution and will benefit all those working and interested in benefitting from the use of the ever-increasing quantities of solid municipal waste. It is based on successful implementation of some of the techniques involved in practical waste recovery. It provides comprehensive coverage from the different types of waste available, the different separation and segregation methods, and the different ways in which waste can be utilized, to the laws, regulations, and institutional arrangements required. Recommended reading for teaching and research purposes."
—Prof. Sudip Kumar Rakshit, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada
"Moving toward resource-efficient, zero-waste societies should be a key component of any strategy developed to meet the challenges of municipal waste management. Although the concept is gaining popularity, there is a significant gap related to examples of best practices. … This book fulfills that requirement by providing a wealth of excellent examples on how societies have approached zero waste. The book is an invaluable resource for any waste management practitioner."
—Dr. Sunil Herat, Senior Lecturer in Waste Management, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia
"… a comprehensive presentation of waste management scenario with a solution in practice. Micro details about methods adopted to achieve zero landfilling in Boras will provide great learning. … good for all those who have interest in SWM sector like practitioner, academic, students and even policy makers. Boras has achieved a position to model itself as waste management leader, let world learn with this experience. I compliment authors for presenting such complex subject in a very simple and straight language."
—Dr Vivek S Agrawal, Trustee Secretary, Centre for Development Communication, India
"… contributes in advancing state of the art sustainable waste management worldwide … a very useful handbook for policy makers, governmental authorities, engineers, environmental companies , university students and researchers, NGOs …".
—Dr. Efstratios Kalogirou, Vice Chair, Global Wtert Council