Over the past thirty years we have witnessed a demand for resources such as minerals, oil, and gas, which is only set to increase. This book examines the relationship between Arctic communities and extractive resource development.
With insights from leading thinkers in the field, the book examines this relationship to better understand what, if anything, can be done in order for the development of non-renewable resources to be of benefit to the long-term sustainability of these communities. The contributions synthesize circumpolar research on the topic of resource extraction in the Arctic, and highlight areas that need further investigation, such as the ability of northern communities to properly use current regulatory processes, fiscal arrangements, and benefit agreements to ensure the long-term sustainability of their culture communities and to avoid a new path dependency
This book provides an insightful summary of issues surrounding resource extraction in the Arctic, and will be essential reading for anyone interested in environmental impact assessments, globalization and Indigenous communities, and the future of the Arctic region.
1 Introduction 2 The History and Historiography of Natural Resource Development in the Arctic: The State of the Literature 3 Social Impacts of Non-Renewable Resource Development on Indigenous communities in Alaska, Greenland, and Russia 4 Northern Environmental Assessment: A Gap Analysis and Research 5 From Narrative to Evidence: Socio-Economic Impacts of Mining in Northern Canada 6 Measuring Impacts: A Review of Frameworks, Methodologies and Indicators for Assessing Socio-Economic Impacts of Resource Activity in the Arctic 8 Resource Revenue Regimes around the Circumpolar North: A Gap Analysis 9 Regional Development in the Circumpolar North: What else do we need to know? 10 Knowledge, Sustainability and the Environmental Legacies of Resource Development in Northern Canada 11 Impact Benefit Agreements and Northern Resource Governance: What we know and what we still need to figure out 12 Normalizing Aboriginal Subsistence Economies in the Canadian North 13 Traditional Knowledge and Resource Development 14 Gender in Research on Northern Resource Development 15 Resource Development and Climate Change: A Gap Analysis 16 How Can Extractive Industry Help Rather than Hurt Arctic Communities?