222 pages | 28 B/W Illus.
The role of cities in addressing climate change is increasingly recognised in international arenas, including the Sustainable Development Goals, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the New Urban Agenda. Asia is home to many of the countries that are most vulnerable to climate change impacts and, along with Africa, will be the site of most urban population growth over the coming decades.
Bringing together a range of city experiences, Responding to Climate Change in Asian Cities provides valuable insights into how cities can overcome some of the barriers to building climate resilience, including addressing the needs of vulnerable populations. The chapters are centred on an overarching understanding that adaptive urban governance is necessary for climate resilience. This requires engaging with different actors to take into account their experiences, vulnerabilities and priorities; building knowledge, including collecting and using appropriate evidence; and understanding the institutions shaping interactions between actors, from the national to the local level.
The chapters draw on a mix of research methodologies, demonstrating the variety of approaches to understanding and building urban resilience that can be applied in urban settings. Bringing together a range of expert contributors, this book will be of great interest to scholars of urban studies, sustainability and environmental studies, development studies and Asian studies.
"In the wake of COP 21 and Habitat III, this timely book points to the extraordinary potential that cities in Asia - and other rapidly urbanizing parts of the world - have to respond to the complex and unpredictable impacts of climate change. It cautions, however, that this potential can only be realized if we heed the SDG call to "leave no one behind". This is the nub of the 21st Century resilience challenge: "how do we use our cities to avoid non-linearity in some global systems (e.g. tipping points and thresholds in critical earth systems) while encouraging it in others (e.g. transforming society to ensure inclusion and equity for all)? The thoughtful analysis presented here is a much needed resilience Rosetta Stone for the local governments around the world who will have to rise and embrace this complex challenge." – Debra Roberts, Head of Sustainable City Initiatives, eThekwini Municipality, South Africa, Chief Resilience Officer, IPCC Co-Chair Working Group II
"This is an important book. It deals in easily understandable terms with the additional stress that climate change will place on already stressed cities and the need for new governance systems that are required to deal with this pressure. It is a must read not only for academics and practitioners but also for those otherwise involved in the issues of climate change related environment, poverty and political issues." – Arif Hasan, Architect and Chairperson of the Orangi Pilot Project-Research & Training Centre and the Urban Resource Centre in Karachi, Pakistan
"This book is a strategic contribution to our understanding of urban climate resilience in Asia. A diverse set of case studies illustrate the required paradigm shift in climate governance, towards a more inclusive approach, with multiple stakeholders acting at multiple levels for sustainable urban local development." – Wijitbusaba (Ann) Marome, Assistant Professor, Urban Environmental Planning and Development, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University, Thailand
"In many respects, cities are at the front line of climate change impacts both in terms of financial and human cost. This book provides an in-depth review of cities in Asia that are at the forefront of problem solving and innovation in how to adapt to climate change. The authors are right: to succeed in reducing the impact of climate change, "out of the box" and evidence-based problem solving will be essential when it comes to the provision of services and the reform of the institutions that provide them." – Mark Redwood, Vice President Water, Sanitation and Environment, Cowater International, Canada
"Cities are complex and man-made environments, and the many challenges facing today’s cities will become more complex due to the effects of climate change on infrastructure, economic growth, social structures and systems. Readers of this book will find many examples and innovations in methods to address the impacts of climate change and lead to more climate resilient cities in Asia." – Purnomo Dwi Sasongko, Secretary of Development and Planning Agency of Semarang City, Indonesia, Chief Resilience Officer, Chairmant of IUCCE
Introduction Sarah Colenbrander, Diane Archer and David Dodman
1. Climate justice, social protection and just adaptation: The vulnerability contexts of migrant workers in Indian cities Sunil D. Santha, Devisha Sasidevan, Surinder Jaswal, Ajmal Khan, Kaushik Datta and Annu Kuruvila
2. Rights, risks and resilience: The 3Rs approach to child-centred climate change adaptation in Asian cities Sudeshna Chatterjee
3. Improving multi-stakeholder collaboration for a resilient water and sanitation sector in Dhaka, Bangladesh Sarder Shafiqul Alam, Julia Taub and A.T.M. Jahangir Alam
4. Coastal urban development in Quy Nhon, Vietnam, in the context of climate change Vu Kim Chi and Nguyen Thi Thuy Hang
5. Approaches to resilience planning in Indian cities: The ACCCRN experience Divya Sharma, Raina Singh and Rozita Singh
6. How can climate change vulnerability assessments best impact policy and planning? Lessons from Indonesia John Taylor and Jonatan Lassa
7. Institutional challenges and solutions for improving coordination mechanisms for the water supply sector in peri-urban Can Tho, Vietnam Huy Nguyen, Stephen Tyler and Phong Tran
8. Water security and urban resilience: The case of Baguio City, Philippines Alejandro N. Ciencia, Jr., Lorelei C. Mendoza, Gladys A. Cruz, Maileenita A. Peñalba, Nimreh L. Calde and Michael R. Cabalfin
9. Modelling demand for catastrophic flood index-based insurance in Da Nang City, Vietnam: Using choice experiments Bui Duc Tinh and Nguyen Manh Hung
10. Local government planners’ perspectives: Challenges and opportunities for climate change adaptation in Indonesia Rahayu Yoseph-Paulus
Conclusion David Dodman, Sarah Colenbrander and Diane Archer