The responsibility to protect ('R2P') principle articulates the obligations of the international community to prevent conflict occurring, to intervene in conflicts, and to assist in rebuilding after conflicts. The doctrine is about protecting civilians in armed conflicts from four mass atrocity crimes: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing. This book examines interventions in East Timor, Sri Lanka, Sudan and Kosovo. The chapters explore and question UN debates with respect to the doctrine both before and after its adoption in 2005; contrasting state attitudes to international military intervention; and what takes place after intervention. It also discusses the ability of the Security Council to access reliable information and credible and transparent processes to enable it to make a determination on the occurrence of atrocities in a Member State. Questioning whether there is a need to find a closer operational link between the responsibilities to prevent and react and a normative link between R2P and principles of international law, the contributions examine the effectiveness of the framework of R2P for international decision-making in response to mass atrocity crimes and ask how an international system to deal with threats and mass atrocities can be developed in the absence of a central authority. This book will be valuable to those interested in international law, human rights, and security, peace and conflict studies.
’Events from Kosovo in the 1990s to Syria today make it clear that we need a renewed focus on responding to massive threats to human life. Responsibility to Protect and Sovereignty offers a timely and focused response to policy and legal challenges and is a necessary and important read.’ Philippe Sands, University College London, UK ’As the world continues to witness mass atrocities against innocent populations, this book helps us understand the obstacles to effective life-saving interventions. It illuminates the promise of the Responsibility to Protect as a concept that can help every nation on earth fulfill its cardinal duty to protect its own citizens from genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing.’ Abiodun William, President, The Hague Institute for Global Justice, Netherlands
Introduction 1. A Philosophical Underpinning for a State’s "Responsibility to Protect" 2. Intercultural Judgement and The Role of a Sensus Communis 3. Hannah Arendt’s "Right to Have Rights" and Human Security 4. The Scope of the "Responsibility to Prevent": A Remit for Intervention? 5.The Legal Character of the Responsibility to Protect 6.Distant Strangers and Our Responsibility to Protect