1st Edition

Restorative and Responsive Human Services

    260 Pages 13 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    260 Pages 13 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    In Restorative and Responsive Human Services, Gale Burford, John Braithwaite, and Valerie Braithwaite bring together a distinguished collection providing rich lessons on how regulation in human services can proceed in empowering ways that heal and are respectful of human relationships and legal obligations. The human services are in trouble: combining restorative justice with responsive regulation might redeem them, renewing their well-intended principles. Families provide glue that connects complex systems. What are the challenges in scaling up relational practices that put families and primary groups at the core of health, education, and other social services?

    This collection has a distinctive focus on the relational complexity of restorative practices. How do they enable more responsive ways of grappling with complexity than hierarchical and prescriptive human services? Lessons from responsive business regulation inform a re-imagining of the human services to advance wellbeing and reduce domination. Readers are challenged to re-examine the perverse incentives and contradictions buried in policies and practices. How do they undermine the capacities of families and communities to solve problems on their own terms?

    This book will interest those who harbor concerns about the creep of domination into the lives of vulnerable citizens. It will help policymakers and researchers to re-focus human services to fundamental outcomes at the foundation of sustainable democracies.

    This book is available for free in PDF format as Open Access from the individual product page at www.routledge.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution- Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

    1: Introduction to Restorative and Responsive Human Services
    Gale Burford, John Braithwaite, and Valerie Braithwaite (see volume editor bios)

    2: Broadening the Applications of Responsive Regulation
    John Braithwaite, Valerie Braithwaite, and Gale Burford (see volume editor bios)

    3: Families and Schools That Are Restorative and Responsive
    Valerie Braithwaite (see volume editor bios)

    4: Burning Cars, Burning Hearts and the Essence of Responsiveness
    Brenda Morrison, Director of Centre for Restorative Justice and Assistant Professor, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University
    Tania Arvanitidis, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University

    5: Familiness and Responsiveness of Human Services: The Approach of Relational Sociology
    Elisabetta Carrà, Associate Professor, Family Studies and Research, University Centre, Catholic University of Milan

    6: Families and Farmworkers: Social Justice in Responsive and Restorative Practices
    Paul Adams, Professor Emeritus of Social Work, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawai’i

    7: Children’s Hopes and Converging Family and State Networks of Regulation
    Joan Pennell, Professor Emerita, Department of Social Work, and Founding Director, Center for Family and Community Engagement, North Carolina State University
    Kara Allen-Eckard, Center for Family and Community Engagement, North Carolina State University
    Marianne Latz, Center for Family and Community Engagement, North Carolina State University
    Cameron Tomlinson, Center for Family and Community Engagement, North Carolina State University

    8: Black Mothers, Prison, and Foster Care: Rethinking Restorative Justice
    Dorothy Roberts, George A. Weiss University Professor of Law & Sociology, Raymond Pace & Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander Professor of Civil Rights, Professor of Africana Studies, University of Pennsylvania

    9: Responding Restoratively to Student Misconduct and Professional Regulation: The Case of Dalhousie Dentistry
    Jennifer J. Llewellyn, Professor of Law, Yogis & Keddy Chair in Human Rights Law, Schulich School of Law, Director of Restorative Approach International Learning Community, Commissioner for Restorative Public Inquiry into the Nova Scotia Home for Colored Children, Dalhousie University

    10: Restorative Justice and Responsive Regulation in Higher Education: The Complex Web of Campus Sexual Assault Policy in the United States and a Restorative Alternative
    David R. Karp, Professor of Sociology, Director of the Project on Restorative Justice, Skidmore College

    11: Responsive Alternatives to the Criminal Legal System in Cases of Intimate Partner Violence
    Leigh Goodmark, Professor and Director of Gender Violence Clinic, Maryland Carey School of Law

    12: Responsive and Inclusive Health Governance through the Lens of Recovery Capital: A Case Study Based on Gambling Treatment
    David Best, Professor of Criminology, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University
    Amy Musgrove, Principal Lecturer, Deputy Head of Criminology, Department of Law and Criminology, Sheffield Hallam University

    13: Why Do We Exclude the Community in "Community Safety"?
    Robin J. Wilson, Assistant Clinical Professor (Adjunct) of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, and Psychologist, Wilson Psychology Services LLC
    Kathryn J. Fox, Associate Dean, College of Arts & Sciences, Professor of Sociology, Director, UVM Liberal Arts in Prison Program (LAPP), Department of Sociology, University of Vermont

    14: Learning from the Human Services: How to Build Better Restorative Justice and Responsive Regulation 
    John Braithwaite, Gale Burford, and Valerie Braithwaite (see volume editor bios)


    Gale Burford is Emeritus Professor of Social Work, University of Vermont, and currently a visiting scholar of restorative justice at Vermont Law School. Until his retirement from University of Vermont in 2014, he was Director of the University-State Child Welfare Training Partnership and Principal Investigator for the Vermont Community Justice Consortium. Gale first came to university teaching and research in 1981 at Memorial University of Newfoundland with experience as a foster and group home parent, caseworker and social work practitioner, trainer, supervisor, manager and senior administrator in services for children, young people and their families. He has taught, carried out research and program evaluation activities and consulted with programs internationally mainly on social work in statutory settings including child protection, youth justice and corrections. His best known research focuses on the use of family engagement and restorative approaches at the intersection of child protection and interpersonal violence.

    John Braithwaite is a professor at RegNet (the School of Regulation and Global Governance) at the Australian National University. Since 2004 he has led a comparative project called Peacebuilding Compared (see johnbraithwaite.com). He also works on business regulation and the crime problem. His best known research is on the ideas of responsive regulation and restorative justice. Braithwaite has been active in the peace movement, the politics of development, the social movement for restorative justice, the labor movement and the consumer movement, around these and other ideas for 50 years in Australia and internationally.

    Valerie Braithwaite is an interdisciplinary scholar and professor of regulatory studies in RegNet (School of Regulation and Global Governance), Australian National University. With a disciplinary background in psychology, her work focuses on how relationships of hope, trust and distrust ebb and flow between regulators and regulatees with often unexpected outcomes for society. Her work encompasses a diverse range of fields including human services. On behalf of the Australian Government, Braithwaite has conducted reviews of regulation in higher education and vocational education. Her most recent report “All Eyes on Quality” addresses how regulation can build learning communities and incentivize high performance and innovation.

    Rules against violence, bullying, child abuse, and sexual assault too often fail to improve safety while escalating the numbers of individuals incarcerated, separated from their families, schools, and chances for learning and starting anew. Restorative justice methods make inroads but remain marginal or even coopted by dominant and punitive approaches, but the authors of this book demonstrate how prevention strategies and rigorous efforts to strengthen relationships and communities can better protect individuals and communities from violence and other harms. Drawing lessons from settings as diverse as a nuclear power plant meltdown, auto industry cheating on emissions, and a sports stadium riot, to foster care crises and campus sexual assault and harassment, this book shows the elements in lasting solutions that draw on knowledge and build capacities of those most affected and the concentric circles of communities, professionals, and flexible systems focused on fixing problems rather than stigmatizing individuals.

    Martha Minow, A.B., Ed.M., J.D., Author, Between Vengeance and Forgiveness, 300th Anniversary University Professor, Harvard University


    This groundbreaking collection from the leading theorists of responsive regulation and restorative justice offers an insightful investigation of alternatives to the prevailing punitive authoritarian approach to human services and regulation. Contributors offer impressive evidence of the benefit of an empowerment relational approach to human services as well as the ability of ordinary citizens to, in turn, demand state and market accountability – whether on behalf of nursing home residents, farmworkers, or child-welfare involved African American mothers. The book places restorative justice and responsive regulation in dialogue and examines critically overlapping goals as well as divergence. It is a must-read not only for human service providers and policy makers, but for all who seek justice and who believe in the capacity of communities to create social change.

    Donna Coker, B.S.W., M.S.W., J.D., Professor of Law, University of Miami Law School


    Restorative justice is badly underestimated when it is portrayed as simply another criminal justice alternative. This remarkable conversation of voices from a range of contexts and perspectives vividly illustrates the true potential of restorative justice as a holistic vision of change, not just in the justice system, but throughout the policy sphere. This inspirational collection is exactly what is needed at this dangerous historical moment we find ourselves in.

    Shadd Maruna, B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Criminology, School of Social Sciences, Education & Social Work, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland


    This stimulating collection of essays charts the path toward a more comprehensive integration of the principles of restorative justice and responsive regulation, to the mutual benefit of both endeavours and with a particular focus on its implications for the human services sector. This book will be of keen interest to scholars, policymakers, regulators, community activists and restorative practitioners.

    Chris Marshall, B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor, The Diana Unwin Chair in Restorative Justice, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, Author of All Things Reconciled: Essays on Restorative Justice, Religious Violence and the Interpretation of Scripture


    This timely book makes an important intervention into contemporary human services, which globally are struggling to respond to calls for equity and inclusion from within settings now fundamentally defined by neoliberal policies and practices. Provocatively, it leans into rather than away from the contested question of regulation, offering a richly buttressed argument not for abandoning regulation, but for recapturing it. What emerges is a compelling, detailed, and practically useful case for "nuanced hybridity": responsive and restorative institutional scaffolds, centered in human relationships, accountable to stakeholders, and firmly grounded in democratic values, community imperatives, and social justice commitments.

    Susan P. Kemp, B.A., C.Q.S.W., M.A., Ph.D., Charles O. Cressey Endowed Professor, University of Washington School of Social Work, Professor, University of Auckland, School of Counselling, Human Services and Social Work