In Restorative and Responsive Human Services, Gale Burford, John Braithwaite, and Valerie Braithwaite bring together a distinguished collection providing rich lessons on how regulation in human services can proceed in empowering ways that heal and are respectful of human relationships and legal obligations. The human services are in trouble: combining restorative justice with responsive regulation might redeem them, renewing their well-intended principles. Families provide glue that connects complex systems. What are the challenges in scaling up relational practices that put families and primary groups at the core of health, education, and other social services?
This collection has a distinctive focus on the relational complexity of restorative practices. How do they enable more responsive ways of grappling with complexity than hierarchical and prescriptive human services? Lessons from responsive business regulation inform a re-imagining of the human services to advance wellbeing and reduce domination. Readers are challenged to re-examine the perverse incentives and contradictions buried in policies and practices. How do they undermine the capacities of families and communities to solve problems on their own terms?
This book will interest those who harbor concerns about the creep of domination into the lives of vulnerable citizens. It will help policymakers and researchers to re-focus human services to fundamental outcomes at the foundation of sustainable democracies.
Rules against violence, bullying, child abuse, and sexual assault too often fail to improve safety while escalating the numbers of individuals incarcerated, separated from their families, schools, and chances for learning and starting anew. Restorative justice methods make inroads but remain marginal or even coopted by dominant and punitive approaches, but the authors of this book demonstrate how prevention strategies and rigorous efforts to strengthen relationships and communities can better protect individuals and communities from violence and other harms. Drawing lessons from settings as diverse as a nuclear power plant meltdown, auto industry cheating on emissions, and a sports stadium riot, to foster care crisies and campus sexual assault and harassment, this book shows the elements in lasting solutions that draw on knowledge and build capacities of those most affected and the concentric circles of communities, professionals, and flexible systems focused on fixing problems rather than stigmatizing individuals.
Martha Minow, A.B., Ed.M., J.D.
Author, Between Vengeance and Forgiveness
300th Anniversary University Professor, Harvard University
This groundbreaking collection from the leading theorists of responsive regulation and restorative justice offers an insightful investigation of alternatives to the prevailing punitive authoritarian approach to human services and regulation. Contributors offer impressive evidence of the benefit of an empowerment relational approach to human services as well as the ability of ordinary citizens to, in turn, demand state and market accountability – whether on behalf of nursing home residents, farmworkers, or child-welfare involved African American mothers. The book places restorative justice and responsive regulation in dialogue and examines critically overlapping goals as well as divergence. It is a must-read not only for human service providers and policy makers, but for all who seek justice and who believe in the capacity of communities to create social change.
Donna Coker, B.S.W., M.S.W., J.D.
Professor of Law
University of Miami Law School
Restorative justice is badly underestimated when it is portrayed as simply another criminal justice alternative. This remarkable conversation of voices from a range of contexts and perspectives vividly illustrates the true potential of restorative justice as a holistic vision of change, not just in the justice system, but throughout the policy sphere. This inspirational collection is exactly what is needed at this dangerous historical moment we find ourselves in.
Shadd Maruna, Ph.D.
Professor of Criminology
School of Social Sciences, Education & Social Work
Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland
This stimulating collection of essays charts the path toward a more comprehensive integration of the principles of restorative justice and responsive regulation, to the mutual benefit of both endeavours and with a particular focus on its implications for the human services sector. This book will be of keen interest to scholars, policymakers, regulators, community activists and restorative practitioners.
Professor Chris Marshall, B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D.
The Diana Unwin Chair in Restorative Justice
Victoria University of Wellington New Zealand
Author of All Things Reconciled: Essays on Restorative Justice, Religious Violence and the Interpretation of Scripture
This timely book makes an important intervention into contemporary human services, which globally are struggling to respond to calls for equity and inclusion from within settings now fundamentally defined by neoliberal policies and practices. Provocatively, it leans into rather than away from the contested question of regulation, offering a richly buttressed argument not for abandoning regulation, but for recapturing it. What emerges is a compelling, detailed, and practically useful case for "nuanced hybridity": responsive and restorative institutional scaffolds, centered in human relationships, accountable to stakeholders, and firmly grounded in democratic values, community imperatives, and social justice commitments.
Susan P. Kemp, B.A., C.Q.S.W., M.A., Ph.D.
Charles O. Cressey Endowed Professor, University of Washington School of Social Work
Professor, University of Auckland, School of Counselling, Human Services and Social Work
1: Introduction to Restorative and Responsive Human Services
Gale Burford, John Braithwaite, and Valerie Braithwaite (see volume editor bios)
2: Broadening the Applications of Responsive Regulation
John Braithwaite, Valerie Braithwaite, and Gale Burford (see volume editor bios)
3: Families and Schools That are Restorative and Responsive
Valerie Braithwaite (see volume editor bios)
4: Burning Cars, Burning Hearts and the Essence of Responsiveness
Brenda Morrison, Director of Centre for Restorative Justice and Assistant Professor, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University
Tania Arvanitidis, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University
5: Familiness and Responsiveness of Human Services: The Approach of Relational Sociology
Elisabetta Carrà, Associate Professor, Family Studies and Research, University Centre, Catholic University of Milan
6: Families and Farmworkers: Social Justice in Responsive and Restorative Practices
Paul Adams, Professor Emeritus of Social Work, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawai’i
7: Children’s Hopes and Converging Family and State Networks of Regulation
Joan Pennell, Professor Emerita, Department of Social Work, and Founding Director, Center for Family and Community Engagement, North Carolina State University
Kara Allen-Eckard, Center for Family and Community Engagement, North Carolina State University
Marianne Latz, Center for Family and Community Engagement, North Carolina State University
Cameron Tomlinson, Center for Family and Community Engagement, North Carolina State University
8: Black Mothers, Prison, and Foster Care: Rethinking Restorative Justice
Dorothy Roberts, George A. Weiss University Professor of Law & Sociology, Raymond Pace & Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander Professor of Civil Rights, Professor of Africana Studies, University of Pennsylvania
9: Responding Restoratively to Student Misconduct and Professional Regulation: The Case of Dalhousie Dentistry
Jennifer J. Llewellyn, Professor of Law, Yogis & Keddy Chair in Human Rights Law, Schulich School of Law, Director of Restorative Approach International Learning Community, Commissioner for Restorative Public Inquiry into the Nova Scotia Home for Colored Children, Dalhousie University
10: Restorative Justice and Responsive Regulation in Higher Education: The Complex Web of Campus Sexual Assault Policy in the United States and a Restorative Alternative
David R. Karp, Professor of Sociology, Director of the Project on Restorative Justice, Skidmore College
11: Responsive Alternatives to the Criminal Legal System in Cases of Intimate Partner Violence
Leigh Goodmark, Professor and Director of Gender Violence Clinic, Maryland Carey School of Law
12: Responsive and Inclusive Health Governance through the Lens of Recovery Capital: A Case Study Based on Gambling Treatment
David Best, Professor of Criminology, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University
Amy Musgrove, Principal Lecturer, Deputy Head of Criminology, Department of Law and Criminology, Sheffield Hallam University
13: Why Do We Exclude the Community in "Community Safety"?
Robin J. Wilson, Assistant Clinical Professor (Adjunct) of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, and Psychologist, Wilson Psychology Services LLC
Kathryn J. Fox, Associate Dean, College of Arts & Sciences, Professor of Sociology, Director, UVM Liberal Arts in Prison Program (LAPP), Department of Sociology, University of Vermont
14: Learning from the Human Services: How to Build Better Restorative Justice and Responsive Regulation
John Braithwaite, Gale Burford, and Valerie Braithwaite (see volume editor bios)