Changes in the philosophy of planning and the political influences behind it have led to an increasingly ambivalent approach to retail and commercial matters and a lack of clear goals and objectives as to what both central government and the local authorities should be concerned with. At the same time, changes within the distribution industry have brought new pressures to bear upon the environment which the conventional planning process seems ill-equipped to accommodate. This book, by an established leading authority, takes stock of the new problems to be confronted and provides the rudiments of an alternative planning approach to dealing with them.
It begins by examining the growth of office blocks and shopping centres, and goes on to analyse and criticise the existing planning processes, suggesting alternative procedures. It looks at the dual needs of development on the one hand and renovation and redevelopment on the other and discusses how these should be dealt with in the future. More specific problems are also examined: the impact created by new shopping schemes, the decline of small shops and related activities, the conflict over transport demands and provisions and the special physical needs of particular urban and rural environments. Throughout, the argument is supported by detailed examples of particular developments.
Originally published 1984.
‘A valuable and welcome undergraduate textbook.’ Environment and Planning
‘Recommended unreservedly to managers and planners in the distributive trades and to all those who are concerned with the implications of current trends in the provision of shopping facilities.’ Retail Distribution and Management
List of figures. List of tables. Acknowledgements. Preface. Part 1. The Basis to Retail and Commercial Planning 1. The System to be Planned. The Process of Distribution. Specific Elements for Control. Spatial Patterns of Activity. Conclusion 2. Pressures for Change. The Background to Behavioural Change. Changes Within the Distributive Trades. Conclusion 3. The Conventional Planning Process. The Role of Central Government. Development Plans and Development Control. Methodology and Research. Conclusion 4. An Alternative Planning Approach. Issues at the National and Regional Level. The Challenge to Local Authorities. Conclusion Part 2. The Subjects of General Management Plans 5. Examples of Strategic (Structure) Plans. The Case Studies. The Missing Components. Conclusion 6. Examples of Local (District) Plans. The Case Studies. The Scope for Improvement. Conclusion 7. Retail and Commercial Development. Retail Developments. Commercial Developments. Some Radical Alternatives. The Control of Development. Conclusion 8. Renovation and Redevelopment. The Historical Background. Newcastle upon Tyne and Covent Garden, London. Concepts for the City Centre. The Control of Change. Conclusion Part 3. Specific Problems and Specific Plans 9. The Impact of New Shopping Schemes. Some International Perspectives. Effects of Outlaying Shopping Schemes. Effects of Town Centre Shopping Schemes. Impact Assessment. Conclusion 10. Small Shops and Related Small Activities. Recent Trends in Growth and Decline. The Causes of Small Business Decline. Characteristics of Small Shops. Possible Forms of Assistance. Conclusion 11. Accessibility, Transport and Communications. The Concept of Accessibility. Specific Service Provisions. Developments in Communications. Conclusion 12. Special Area-based Considerations. Residential Area Requirements. Pressures on Smaller Town and City Centres. Rural Resource Impoverishment. Conclusion. Postscript. Index