1st Edition

Rethinking Difference in India Through Racialization Caste, Tribe, and Hindu Nationalism in Transnational Perspective

    206 Pages
    by Routledge

    206 Pages
    by Routledge

    Through the analytic of racialization, the chapters in this book argue that social difference in India is reproduced and buttressed through casteist, racist, colonial, and Hindu nationalist projects that generate tacit or explicit consent for continued violence against racialized others. At the same time, the chapters look transnationally, examining how regional forms of difference marked by caste and tribe, for instance, have long articulated with historical forms of global racial capitalism. Ultimately, this book attends to the narratives and experiences of those living at the margins, who strategically deploy racial and antiracist concepts to build international solidarity movements beyond the narrow confines of the Indian nation-state. In so doing, it hopes to derive insights on the necessity of transnational translations, even as it directs renewed attention to the specificity of regional hierarchies that shape everyday life and death in India.

    This book is a significant new contribution to addressing fundamental questions of caste, race, and religious politics in India and will be of interest to researchers and advanced students of Sociology, Politics, Geography, History and Anthropology.

    The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.

    1. Introduction: Rethinking difference in India through racialization 

    Jesús F. Cháirez-Garza, Mabel Denzin Gergan, Malini Ranganathan and Pavithra Vasudevan 

    2. Moving untouched: B. R. Ambedkar and the racialization of untouchability 

    Jesús F. Cháirez-Garza 

    3. Caste, racialization, and the making of environmental unfreedoms in urban India 

    Malini Ranganathan 

    4. Broomscapes: racial capitalism, waste, and caste in Indian Railway Stations 

    Pallavi Gupta 

    5. Dirty food: racism and casteism in India 

    Dolly Kikon 

    6. Theorizing racialization through India’s "Mongolian Fringe" 

    Mabel Denzin Gergan and Sara H. Smith 

    7. Racialization and ethnicization: Hindutva hegemony and caste 

    Balmurli Natrajan 

    8. The transnational routes of white and Hindu nationalisms 

    Ishan Ashutosh 

    9. Global Castes 

    Suraj Yengde 


    Jesús F. Cháirez-Garza is Lecturer in the History Department, University of Manchester.

    Mabel Denzin Gergan is Assistant Professor in the Asian Studies Program, Vanderbilt University.

    Malini Ranganathan is Associate Professor in the School of International Service, American University, Washington, DC.

    Pavithra Vasudevan is Assistant Professor in the African and African Diaspora Studies Department and Center for Women’s and Gender Studies, University of Texas, Austin.