The dominant approach to economic policy has so far failed to adequately address the pressing challenges the world faces today: extreme poverty, widespread joblessness and precarious employment, burgeoning inequality, and large-scale environmental threats. This message was brought home forcibly by the 2008 global economic crisis.
Rethinking Economic Policy for Social Justice shows how human rights have the potential to transform economic thinking and policy-making with far-reaching consequences for social justice. The authors make the case for a new normative and analytical framework, based on a broader range of objectives which have the potential to increase the substantive freedoms and choices people enjoy in the course of their lives and not on not upon narrow goals such as the growth of gross domestic product. The book covers a range of issues including inequality, fiscal and monetary policy, international development assistance, financial markets, globalization, and economic instability. This new approach allows for a complex interaction between individual rights, collective rights and collective action, as well as encompassing a legal framework which offers formal mechanisms through which unjust policy can be protested.
This highly original and accessible book will be essential reading for human rights advocates, economists, policy-makers and those working on questions of social justice.
‘In this important new book, Balakrishnan, Heintz and Elson have set out to challenge the dominant economic paradigm in the name of social justice and human rights. Applying a rigorous human rights lens, they expose the fundamental weaknesses of neoliberal economic policy both nationally and in its globalized manifestations, prescribing a new approach built not on deference to markets but on empowerment of people; not on GDP but on progress; not on aggregate wealth but on dignity and equality; and not on austerity but on the advancement of economic and social rights. What they have constructed is an economics of human rights—an economics for the 99%.’ — Craig Mokhiber, Chief of Development and Economic and Social Issues, United Nations Human Rights Office
‘Radhika Balakrishnan, Diane Elson and James Heinz’s book could not be more timely. Decades of neoliberalism and the global financial crisis have wrecked the economy, compromised the life chances of the vulnerable around the world, destroyed the environment, and privileged the wealthy and powerful. The book provides an urgently needed ethical antidote to neoliberalism, one that develops a fresh and radically powerful rights-based approach that places ethics, social justice, and the right to a good and just life at the heart of economic policy design and evaluation.’ — Professor Ilene Grabel, Josef Korbel School of International Studies, University of Denver, USA, and co-author (with Ha-Joon Chang) of Reclaiming Development: An Alternative Economic Policy Manual (2004, 2014, Zed Books)
‘Amidst tired rehearsals of the argument that security has now trumped human rights, and normalisation of the neo-liberal economy we live with, this book comes like a breath of fresh air into a stale environment. By reconnecting political economy with human rights, the authors do a great service of desecuritising human-rights based approaches to economic and social change and to macro-level policy making. It is going to be useful for our students in understanding connections too rarely explored - especially between challenges to globalised impoverishment and assertions of people's fundamental human rights’ — Helen Hintjens, Assistant Professor in Development and Social Justice, ISS (International Institute of Social Justice of Erasmus University Rotterdam) The Hague, Netherlands.
1. The Radical Potential of Human Rights 2. The Human Rights Framework and Economic Policy 3. What Does Inequality Have to Do With Human Rights? 4. A Human Rights Approach to Government Spending and Taxation 5. Mobilizing Resources to Realize Rights: Debt, Aid, and Monetary Policy 6. Financialization, Credit Markets, and Human Rights 7. Extraterritorial Obligations, Human Rights and Economic Governance 8. Economic Crises and Human Rights 9. Conclusion
Social Theory is experiencing something of a revival within economics. Critical analyses of the particular nature of the subject matter of social studies and of the types of method, categories and modes of explanation that can legitimately be endorsed for the scientific study of social objects, are re-emerging. Economists are again addressing such issues as the relationship between agency and structure, between economy and the rest of society, and between the enquirer and the object of enquiry. There is a renewed interest in elaborating basic categories such as causation, competition, culture, discrimination, evolution, money, need, order, organization, power probability, process, rationality, technology, time, truth, uncertainty, value etc.
The objective for this series is to facilitate this revival further. In contemporary economics the label “theory” has been appropriated by a group that confines itself to largely asocial, ahistorical, mathematical “modelling”. Economics as Social Theory thus reclaims the “Theory” label, offering a platform for alternative rigorous, but broader and more critical conceptions of theorizing.