In today’s global knowledge economy, competition for the best and brightest workers has intensified. Highly skilled workers are an asset to companies, knowledge institutions, cities, and regions as they contribute to knowledge creation, innovation, and economic growth and development. Skilled migrants cross, and many times straddle, international borders to pursue professional opportunities. These spatial relocations provide opportunities and challenges for migrants and the cities and regions they inhabit.
How have international skilled migratory flows been formed, sustained, and transformed over multiple spaces and scales? How have these processes affected cities and regions? And how have multiple stakeholders responded to these processes? The contributors to this book bring together perspectives from economic, social, urban, and population geography in order to address these questions from a myriad of angles. Empirical case studies from different regions illuminate the multiscaled processes of international skilled migration. In particular, the contributions rethink skilled migration theories and provide insights into: the experiences of highly skilled labor migrants and international students; issues related to transnational activities and return migration; and policy implications for both immigrant source and destination countries. It also charts a future research agenda for international skilled migration research.
Rethinking International Skilled Migration provides a comparative perspective on the experiences of skilled migrants across the local, regional, national, and/or global scale, paying particular attention to spatial and place-based dimensions of international skilled migration. It will be of interest to scholars and professionals in international migration, regional and national development policymakers, international businesses, and NGOs.
List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Contributors
1 Introduction: Rethinking International Skilled Migration: A Placed-based and Spatial Perspective
MICHELINE VAN RIEMSDIJK AND QINGFANG WANG
International Student Migration
2 Producing International Student Migration: An Exploration of the Role of Marketization in Shaping International Study Opportunities
ALLAN FINDLAY, RUSSELL KING, AND ALEXANDRA STAM
3 Complex Decisions: Factors Determining International Students’ Migrations
4 European Mobile Students, (Trans)National Social Networks, and (Inter)National Career Perspectives
CHRISTOF VAN MOL
5 Mental Health and the Student-migrant Experience: Sources of Stress for Norwegian Quota Scheme Students
6 Chinese Student Migrants in Transition: A Pathway from International Students to Skilled Migrants
7 Internationalization, Localization, and the Eduscape of Higher Education in the Global South: The Case of South Africa
ASHLEY GUNTER AND PARVATI RAGHURAM
Transforming Cities, Transforming Lives
8 "London is a Much More Interesting Place than Paris": Place-comparison and the Moral Geographies of Highly Skilled Migrants
JON MULHOLLAND AND LOUISE RYAN
9 High-skilled Migrants, Place Ties, and Urban Policymaking: Putting Housing on the Agenda
10 Homogenizing the City: Place Marketing to Attract Skilled Migrants to Stavanger and Kongsberg
MICHELINE VAN RIEMSDIJK
11 Expatriate Mobility, Firm Recruitment, and Local Context: Skilled International Migration to the Rapidly Globalizing City of Dubai
MICHAEL C. EWERS AND RYAN DICCE
Transnational Lives and Return Migration
12 Exodus, Circulation, and Return: Movements of High-skilled Migrants from India in a Transnational Era
13 Immigration Policy Change and the Transnational Shaping of Place
14 Experiences of Returned Chinese Migrants in Higher Education Examined through a Case Study
QINGFANG WANG, LI TANG, AND HUIPING LI
15 Diverging Experiences of Work and Social Networks Abroad: Highly Skilled British Migrants in Singapore, Vancouver, and Boston
WILLIAM S. HARVEY AND JONATHAN V. BEAVERSTOCK
16 Conclusion: Themes, Gaps, and Opportunities for Rethinking International Skilled Migration
In today’s globalised, knowledge-driven and networked world, regions and cities have assumed heightened significance as the interconnected nodes of economic, social and cultural production, and as sites of new modes of economic governance and policy experimentation. This book series brings together incisive and critically engaged international and interdisciplinary research on this resurgence of regions and cities, and should be of interest to geographers, economists, sociologists, political scientists and cultural scholars, as well as to policy-makers involved in regional and urban development.
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