The digital infrastructure of media production, dissemination and consumption is becoming increasingly complex, presenting the challenge of how we should research the digital journalism environment. Digital journalism takes many forms – we therefore need to revise, improve, adjust and even invent methods to understand emerging forms of journalism.
In this book, scholars at the forefront of methodological innovations in digital journalism research share their insights on how to collect, process and analyse the diverse expressions of digital journalism, including online news, search results, hyperlinks and social media posts. As digital journalism content often comes in the form of big data, many of these new approaches depart from the traditional methods used in media research in significant ways. As we move towards new ways of understanding digital journalism, the methods developed for such purposes also need to be grounded in scientific rigour. This book aims to share some of the emerging processes by which these methods, tools and approaches are designed, implemented and validated. As such, this book not only constitutes a benchmark for thinking about research methods in digital journalism, it also provides an entry point for graduate students and seasoned scholars aiming to do research on digital journalism. This book was originally published as a special issue of Digital Journalism.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Research methods in an age of digital journalism Michael Karlsson and Helle Sjøvaag
1. Taking Stock of the Toolkit: An overview of relevant automated content analysis approaches and techniques for digital journalism scholars Jelle W. Boumans and Damian Trilling
2. Tracing Online News in Motion: Time and duration in the study of liquid journalism Andreas Widholm
3. What is the meaning of a news link? David Ryfe, Donica Mensing and Richard Kelley
4. Chances and Challenges of Computational Data Gathering and Analysis: The case of issue-attention cycles on Facebook Niina Sormanen, Jukka Rohila, Epp Lauk, Turo Uskali, Jukka Jouhki and Maija Penttinen
5. Word Counts and Topic Models: Automated text analysis methods for digital journalism research Elisabeth Günther and Thorsten Quandt
6. Quantitative analysis of large amounts of journalistic texts using topic modelling Carina Jacobi, Wouter van Atteveldt and Kasper Welbers
7. Googling the news: Opportunities and challenges in studying news events through Google Search Jacob Ørmen
8. Grasping the Digital News User: Conceptual and methodological advances in news use studies Ike Picone
9. Same, Same but Different: Effects of mixing Web and mail modes in audience research Annika Bergström
10. Action Research: Collaborative research for the improvement of digital journalism practice Stephanie Grubenmann
11. Content Analysis and Online News: Epistemologies of analysing the ephemeral Web Michael Karlsson and Helle Sjøvaag
Michael Karlsson is Professor in Media and Communication Studies at Karlstad University, Sweden.
Helle Sjøvaag is a Research Professor in Media Studies at the University of Bergen, Norway.