Multiple killings by serial or spree killers and the mass violence seen in war crimes and other atrocities have typically been understood as discrete category types, which can foster the view that there are fundamentally different kinds of human beings, including "deviants" who are born evil and innately given to sadism or a callous lack of empathy. In contrast, this book considers the violence of these "deviants" in terms of larger questions about human violence. Therefore, in addition to describing the life histories of a sample of individual serial and spree murderers, the book includes analysis of macro-level phenomena such as genocide, mass rape and killing, and torture occurring under conditions of war, state authorization, or political upheaval. The chief claim of the book is that, given the "right" combination of factors occurring at different levels of analysis, virtually anyone can emerge as a killer or perpetrator of atrocities. While it is crucial to understand individual killers in terms of the details of their biographies, it is equally crucial to understand political atrocities in terms of the details of their histories; and to see that persons and groups are always the product of complexly interacting assemblage processes.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. On Killing, Murder and Extreme Violence in Biological and Historical Perspective 2. The Multiple Worlds of Multiple Murderers 3. From Normal to Brutal: Atrocities and the Persons Who Commit Them 4. None Too Tidy: Interacting Variables in the Development of Serial Murder, Mass Killing, and Atrocities. Conclusion: Beyond the Usual Distinctions.
Robert Shanafelt (1957-2014) was an associate professor of anthropology in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Georgia Southern University.
"Anthropologist Shanafelt (d. 2014) and sociologist Pino (Texas State Univ.) offer the latest in the tradition of works that hold that the most individual of human behaviors can be explained in terms of social context. The authors argue that violent acts, even acts as unique and individual as spree killing and serial murder, can be understood by examining perpetrators' social contexts... The authors develop their argument though assessment of sources in history, anthropology, and sociology and argue that violence is a part of human behavior with specific expressions of violence defined as appropriate or inappropriate in specific social contexts. Any act of ending a person’s life can be justified or seen as appropriate in a specific context, given a specific person’s differential exposure to social experiences throughout his or her life."— R. T. Sigler, emeritus, University of Alabama, CHOICE Reviews