2nd Edition

Reversing Urban Decline Why and How Sports, Entertainment, and Culture Turn Cities into Major League Winners, Second Edition

By Mark S. Rosentraub Copyright 2014
    413 Pages 79 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Detroit’s bankruptcy is the most severe example of the financial implications of the movement of wealth to the suburbs. When residents and businesses leave, central cities have a disproportionate share of most regions’ lower-income households. At the same time, many central cities collect less revenue as states cut financial support. So, we are left with the question: can central cities change patterns of economic activity? In Reversing Urban Decline: Why and How Sports, Entertainment, and Culture Turn Cities into Major League Winners, Second Edition author Mark Rosentraub details how central cities facing increasing levels of economic segregation can use new urban areas anchored by sports venues to enhance their financial position.

    See What’s New in the Second Edition:

    • Increased focus on urban revitalization, urban theory, and urban planning
    • Two additional case studies (Denver and Fort Wayne) to give the book a broader appeal and more material to make the book a good fit for urban planning, urban studies, and public policy classes
    • New data based on additional research and follow up on several of the original cases

    Rosentraub anchors the book more closely in the center of the debate on urban revitalization, the financial issues facing central cities, and the ways in which public leaders can respond to the economic segregation developing between central cities and their suburban areas. That disparity is reducing the taxes that central cities receive, reducing their ability to provide the services residents need.

    Rather than just provide us with a brief escape from our problems, sports and entertainment, with the right leadership, can create opportunities for our cities to reinvent and reinvigorate themselves. Placing sports as one of the central elements to revitalize urban centers, this book uses several case studies to develop a set of rules to help cities plan for the effective use and returns from their investments in sports, entertainment, and cultural centers.

    Urban Change, A Loss of Centrality, and New Destinies for Downtowns
    The Real Fiscal Implications of Decentralization
    The Responses To Decentralization
    Can Sports and Big Ticket Investments Relocate Economic Activity?
    The Beginning Of An End For The Need For Central Cities: Human Capital and Economic Development
    Sports, Entertainment, and Culture: The Trinity for Redevelopment
    Misplaced Revenues, Misplaced Venues
    Goals and Organization of This Book

    Planned Development vs. Organic Change: Tools In The Effort To Revitalize Central Cities and Downtown Areas
    The Social and Economic Forces Changing Urban Space
    Why Invest In Any Amenities? Why Invest In Big-Ticket Amenities?
    Life from Death for Cities, Organic Urban Change v. Planned Redevelopment, and Neighborhood Design: Re-interpreting Jane Jacob’s Philosophy In The Age Of The Internet and Decentralization
    Regimes and Urban Redevelopment
    The Value of Urban Space To Teams

    Indianapolis As The Broker City
    The Indianapolis Downtown Revitalization Plan: Goals, Objectives, and History
    Indianapolis, Sports, and Redevelopment: What Was Built, How Much Was Invested, and Who’s Dollars Were Spent?
    Has Indianapolis Been Changed by the Sports and Downtown Redevelopment Strategy? Spatial, Demographic, Economic, and Intangible Measures of Success
    The Challenges To Sustain The Sports Strategy
    Indianapolis: The Broker City to be a Major League Winner

    Shared Risk, Shared Returns: San Diego’s Unique Partnership For a Ballpark and A New Downtown Neighborhood
    The Padres and "The Need" For a New Ballpark
    The Politics of San Diego’s Sports World
    Task Force II and the Generation of Substantial Public Benefits
    V. Public Benefits and the Stigma of Subsidies
    The Scorecard on the Ballpark District: What Was Built
    Economic Integration and The Vitality of The Ballpark District
    The Scorecard: Taxes Generated
    The Ballpark District and San Diego: Mutual Risk in a New Model for Public/Private Partnerships

    A White Elephant, An Arena, and Revitalization: Using Location and The Glitz of L. A. LIVE to Rebuild A Downtown Area
    Thinking Outside the Box: Bringing the Lakers and Kings Downtown
    Downtown Los Angeles: Liabilities and Assets
    Sealing and Selling the Deal
    Los Angeles’s Investment and Returns
    Rebuilding Downtown Los Angeles: L. A. LIVE
    Rebuilding Downtown – Other Iconic Projects
    Columbus, A Successful New Neighborhood, But A Struggling Arena and NHL Franchise
    Why Was Columbus’ Elite On A Quest For A Major Sports Franchise?
    Fighting For a Team From One MLB, the NFL, the NBA, or the NHL
    A Privately Built Arena, Real Estate Development, and An Unique Public/Private Partnership
    Columbus’s Arena District: What Was Built and What Was Accomplished
    VII. Views of Columbus’ Arena District
    Problems With Nationwide Arena and Challenges for the Columbus Blue Jackets

    Rebounding in the Mountain West: Denver and The Strategy For Matching Suburban Growth Rates and Sustaining Job Levels in A Downtown Area
    Denver’s Early Growth and 20th Century Challenges
    Denver and the Fate of Central Cities
    The Plan for A New Downtown Denver
    Public Investments In Sports
    What Was Accomplished In Denver

    Can A City Win When Losing? Cleveland and The Building of Sports, Cultural, and Entertainment Facilities In The Midst Of Population Declines and Job Losses
    The Crisis of Confidence
    Cleveland’s "Hail Mary" Pass: Downtown Revitalization as Symbols of Confidence
    The Results of Cleveland’s Hail Mary Pass
    Extra Benefits from Building Amenities: Regional Cooperation
    Amending Cleveland’s Major League Loser Status: New Leases
    A Regime and Downtown and Community Development
    An Update – Cleveland, Downtown Cleveland, and Northeast Ohio In The Aftermath of Big Ticket and Community Development Initiatives

    Maintaining Downtowns In Smaller Cities: Can Little Brothers In The Shadow Of Larger Cities Lead Revitalization Efforts With Sports, Entertainment, and the Arts?
    Introduction: Economic Change in a Small City
    Changes In A Small City: Economic and Racial Separation
    Into The Breach: A Volunteer Leadership Group and its Focus on Entertainment
    Reimaging Reading: From The Outlet Capital to A Mid-Atlantic Arts Center
    Reading’s Leadership Group and Community Development
    Measures of Success
    Fort Wayne, Indiana

    Reversing Urban Decline: The Role for Sports, Culture, and Entertainment and What Is Required To Turn Subsidies Into Strategic Investments
    Subsidies to Investments in the Aftermath of The Credit Crisis
    Lessons Learned: Similarities within Differences
    Lessons Learned: The Advice For Other Cities Looking To Sports, Entertainment, and Cultural Amenities for Revitalization
    Concluding Note


    Mark S. Rosentraub