Reversing Urban Decline : Why and How Sports, Entertainment, and Culture Turn Cities into Major League Winners, Second Edition book cover
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Reversing Urban Decline
Why and How Sports, Entertainment, and Culture Turn Cities into Major League Winners, Second Edition




ISBN 9781482206210
Published July 29, 2014 by Routledge
413 Pages 79 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Detroit’s bankruptcy is the most severe example of the financial implications of the movement of wealth to the suburbs. When residents and businesses leave, central cities have a disproportionate share of most regions’ lower-income households. At the same time, many central cities collect less revenue as states cut financial support. So, we are left with the question: can central cities change patterns of economic activity? In Reversing Urban Decline: Why and How Sports, Entertainment, and Culture Turn Cities into Major League Winners, Second Edition author Mark Rosentraub details how central cities facing increasing levels of economic segregation can use new urban areas anchored by sports venues to enhance their financial position.

See What’s New in the Second Edition:

  • Increased focus on urban revitalization, urban theory, and urban planning
  • Two additional case studies (Denver and Fort Wayne) to give the book a broader appeal and more material to make the book a good fit for urban planning, urban studies, and public policy classes
  • New data based on additional research and follow up on several of the original cases

Rosentraub anchors the book more closely in the center of the debate on urban revitalization, the financial issues facing central cities, and the ways in which public leaders can respond to the economic segregation developing between central cities and their suburban areas. That disparity is reducing the taxes that central cities receive, reducing their ability to provide the services residents need.

Rather than just provide us with a brief escape from our problems, sports and entertainment, with the right leadership, can create opportunities for our cities to reinvent and reinvigorate themselves. Placing sports as one of the central elements to revitalize urban centers, this book uses several case studies to develop a set of rules to help cities plan for the effective use and returns from their investments in sports, entertainment, and cultural centers.

Table of Contents

Urban Change, A Loss of Centrality, and New Destinies for Downtowns
Introduction
The Real Fiscal Implications of Decentralization
The Responses To Decentralization
Can Sports and Big Ticket Investments Relocate Economic Activity?
The Beginning Of An End For The Need For Central Cities: Human Capital and Economic Development
Sports, Entertainment, and Culture: The Trinity for Redevelopment
Misplaced Revenues, Misplaced Venues
Goals and Organization of This Book

Planned Development vs. Organic Change: Tools In The Effort To Revitalize Central Cities and Downtown Areas
Introduction
The Social and Economic Forces Changing Urban Space
Why Invest In Any Amenities? Why Invest In Big-Ticket Amenities?
Life from Death for Cities, Organic Urban Change v. Planned Redevelopment, and Neighborhood Design: Re-interpreting Jane Jacob’s Philosophy In The Age Of The Internet and Decentralization
Regimes and Urban Redevelopment
The Value of Urban Space To Teams
Summary

Indianapolis As The Broker City
Introduction
The Indianapolis Downtown Revitalization Plan: Goals, Objectives, and History
Indianapolis, Sports, and Redevelopment: What Was Built, How Much Was Invested, and Who’s Dollars Were Spent?
Has Indianapolis Been Changed by the Sports and Downtown Redevelopment Strategy? Spatial, Demographic, Economic, and Intangible Measures of Success
The Challenges To Sustain The Sports Strategy
Indianapolis: The Broker City to be a Major League Winner

Shared Risk, Shared Returns: San Diego’s Unique Partnership For a Ballpark and A New Downtown Neighborhood
Introduction
The Padres and "The Need" For a New Ballpark
The Politics of San Diego’s Sports World
Task Force II and the Generation of Substantial Public Benefits
V. Public Benefits and the Stigma of Subsidies
The Scorecard on the Ballpark District: What Was Built
Economic Integration and The Vitality of The Ballpark District
The Scorecard: Taxes Generated
The Ballpark District and San Diego: Mutual Risk in a New Model for Public/Private Partnerships

A White Elephant, An Arena, and Revitalization: Using Location and The Glitz of L. A. LIVE to Rebuild A Downtown Area
Introduction
Thinking Outside the Box: Bringing the Lakers and Kings Downtown
Downtown Los Angeles: Liabilities and Assets
Sealing and Selling the Deal
Los Angeles’s Investment and Returns
Rebuilding Downtown Los Angeles: L. A. LIVE
Rebuilding Downtown – Other Iconic Projects
Conclusions
Columbus, A Successful New Neighborhood, But A Struggling Arena and NHL Franchise
Introduction
Why Was Columbus’ Elite On A Quest For A Major Sports Franchise?
Fighting For a Team From One MLB, the NFL, the NBA, or the NHL
A Privately Built Arena, Real Estate Development, and An Unique Public/Private Partnership
Columbus’s Arena District: What Was Built and What Was Accomplished
VII. Views of Columbus’ Arena District
Problems With Nationwide Arena and Challenges for the Columbus Blue Jackets
Conclusions

Rebounding in the Mountain West: Denver and The Strategy For Matching Suburban Growth Rates and Sustaining Job Levels in A Downtown Area
Introduction
Denver’s Early Growth and 20th Century Challenges
Denver and the Fate of Central Cities
The Plan for A New Downtown Denver
Public Investments In Sports
What Was Accomplished In Denver
Conclusions

Can A City Win When Losing? Cleveland and The Building of Sports, Cultural, and Entertainment Facilities In The Midst Of Population Declines and Job Losses
Introduction
The Crisis of Confidence
Cleveland’s "Hail Mary" Pass: Downtown Revitalization as Symbols of Confidence
The Results of Cleveland’s Hail Mary Pass
Extra Benefits from Building Amenities: Regional Cooperation
Amending Cleveland’s Major League Loser Status: New Leases
A Regime and Downtown and Community Development
An Update – Cleveland, Downtown Cleveland, and Northeast Ohio In The Aftermath of Big Ticket and Community Development Initiatives
Conclusions

Maintaining Downtowns In Smaller Cities: Can Little Brothers In The Shadow Of Larger Cities Lead Revitalization Efforts With Sports, Entertainment, and the Arts?
Introduction: Economic Change in a Small City
Changes In A Small City: Economic and Racial Separation
Into The Breach: A Volunteer Leadership Group and its Focus on Entertainment
Reimaging Reading: From The Outlet Capital to A Mid-Atlantic Arts Center
Reading’s Leadership Group and Community Development
Measures of Success
Fort Wayne, Indiana
Conclusions

Reversing Urban Decline: The Role for Sports, Culture, and Entertainment and What Is Required To Turn Subsidies Into Strategic Investments
Introduction
Subsidies to Investments in the Aftermath of The Credit Crisis
Lessons Learned: Similarities within Differences
Lessons Learned: The Advice For Other Cities Looking To Sports, Entertainment, and Cultural Amenities for Revitalization
Concluding Note

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