Revival: Pipeline Engineering (2004): 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Revival: Pipeline Engineering (2004)

1st Edition

By Henry Liu

CRC Press

444 pages

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Description

Pipeline engineering has struggled to develop as a single field of study due to the wide range of industries and government organizations using different types of pipelines for all types of solids, liquids, and gases. This fragmentation has impeded professional development, job mobility, technology transfer, the diffusion of knowledge, and the movement of manpower. No single, authoritative course or book has existed to unite practitioners.

In response, Pipeline Engineering covers the essential aspects and types of pipeline engineering in a single volume. This work is divided into two parts. Part I, Pipe Flows, delivers an integrated treatment of all variants of pipe flow including incompressible and compressible, Newtonian and non-Newtonian, slurry and multiphase flows, capsule flows, and pneumatic transport of solids. Part II, Engineering Considerations, summarizes the equipment and methods required for successful planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of pipelines.

Reviews

"Professor Henry Liu's book fills a void in our engineering education and practice. I could see this book being embraced by most professors, students, and practitioners for years to come because of the complete story it tells about pipeline engineering, using design computations, practice problems, and references in each of its chapters."

-Dr. Jey K. Jeyapalan, P.E., President

Dr. Jeyapalan & Associates, LLC., New Milford, Connecticut, USA

"I am much impressed with the excellent coverage of both theories and applications of pipeline engineering in Dr. Henry Liu's book. It is the best and the most important book on pipeline that engineers should read."

-Sanai Kosugi, General Manager, Pipeline Engineering, Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Tokyo

Table of Contents

PART I: PIPE FLOWS

INTRODUCTION

Definition and Scope

Brief History of Pipelines

Existing Major Pipelines

Importance of Pipelines

Freight (Solids) Transport by Pipelines

Types of Pipelines

Components of Pipelines

Advantages of Pipelines

References

SINGLE-PHASE INCOMPRESSIBLE NEWTONIAN FLUID

Introduction

Flow Regimes

Local Mean Velocity and Its Distribution (Velocity Profile)

Flow Equations for One-Dimensional Analysis

Hydraulic and Energy Grade Lines

Cavitation in Pipeline Systems

Pipe in Series and Parallel

Interconnected Reservoirs

Pipe Network

Unsteady Flow in Pipe

SINGLE-PHASE COMPRESSIBLE FLOW IN PIPE

Flow Analysis for Ideal Gas

Flow Analysis for Real (Non-Ideal) Gas

Work, Energy and Power Required for Compression of Gas

NON-NEWTONIAN FLUIDS

Introduction

Classification of Non-Newtonian Fluids

Rheological Properties and Laws of Non-Newtonian Fluids

Non-Newtonian Pipe Flow: Laminar

Non-Newtonian Pipe Flow: Turbulent

FLOW OF SOLID/LIQUID MIXTURE IN PIPE (Slurry Pipelines)

Flow Regimes

Pseudohomogenous Flow

Heterogeneous Flow

Intermediate Flow Regime

Practical Considerations

FLOW OF SOLID/AIR MIXTURE THROUGH PIPE (Pneumotransport)

Introduction

Types of Pneumatic Conveying

Flow Characteristics

System Layouts

System Design

Safety Considerations

Analyses

CAPSULE PIPELINES

Introduction and History

Pneumatic Capsule Pipeline (PCP)

Hydraulic Capsule Pipeline (HCP)

Coal Log Pipeline (CLP)

Conclusion

PART II: ENGINEERING CONSIDERATIONS

PIPES, FITTINGS, VALVES, AND PRESSURE REGULATORS

Types of Pipes

Pipe Designation

Connections (Joints)

Fittings

Valves

Pressure Relief Valves and Pressure Regulating Valves

PUMPS AND TURBINES

Energy Conversions by Pumps and Turbines

Types of Pumps and Turbines

Pump Drivers

Coupling Pumps to Drivers

Pump Control, Operation, and Maintenance

Pump Selection

Compressors, Blowers, and Fans

Turbines

Dimensionless Parameters

INSTRUMENTATION AND PIGGING

Flowmeters

Sensors and Equipment

Pigs (Scrapers)

PROTECTION OF PIPELINES AGAINST ABRASION, FREEZING, AND CORROSION

Lining, Coating, and Wrapping

Insulation, Tracing, Jacketing, and Electric Heating

Protection against Corrosion

PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION OF PIPELINES

Procedures Involved in Planning and Construction of New Pipelines

Measures to Allow Pipeline Expansion

Bending of Pipe

Connecting Pipes

Boring and Tunneling to Install Pipe-Trenchless Technologies

Pipeline Construction in Marsh and Swamp

Offshore Construction

Cold-Region Construction

STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF PIPELINES

Introduction

Load Considerations

Performance Analysis and Design

PIPELINE OPERATIONS, MONITORING, MAINTENANCE AND REHABILITATION

General Operation of Pipeline

Automatic Control System

Integrity Monitoring and Leak Detection

Integrity Management Program

Risk-Based Management

Pipeline Maintenance

Trenchless Rehabilitation Methods

Appendix A: Notation

Appendix B: Conversion between SI and English (ft-lb-sec) Units

Appendix C: Physical Properties of Certain Fluids and Solids

About the Author

Henry Liu was a retired American civil engineer and the president of Freight Pipeline Company (FPC), now known as EcologicTech. He worked as a professor of civil engineering at University of Missouri (MU) in Columbia, Missouri for over 20 years.[2] At MU, he was also director of the Capsule Pipeline Research Center, a joint state/industry initiative funded by the National Science Foundation to develop capsule pipeline technology to transport freight; an innovative application of pipelines to transfer solids instead of fluids.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General