1st Edition

Rewriting Ancient Jewish History The History of the Jews in Roman Times and the New Historical Method

By Amram Tropper Copyright 2016
    228 Pages
    by Routledge

    228 Pages
    by Routledge

    Half a century ago, the primary contours of the history of the Jews in Roman times were not subject to much debate. This standard account collapsed, however, when a handful of insights undermined the traditional historical method, the method long enlisted by historians for eliciting facts from sources. In response to these insights, a new historical method gradually emerged. Rewriting Ancient Jewish History critiques the traditional historical method and makes a case for the new one, illustrating how to write anew ancient Jewish history.

    At the heart of the traditional historical method lie three fundamental presumptions. The traditional historical method regularly presumes that multiple versions of a text or tradition are equally authentic; it presumes that many ancient Jewish sources are the products of largely immanent forces of cloistered Jewish communities; and, barring any local grounds for suspicion, it presumes that most ancient Jewish texts faithfully reflect their sources and reliably recount events. Rewriting Ancient Jewish History unfurls the failings of this approach; it promotes the new historical method which circumvents the flawed traditional presumptions while plotting anew the limits of rational argumentation in historical inquiry. This crucial reappraisal is a must-read for students of Jewish and Roman history alike, and a fascinating case-study in how historians should approach their ancient sources.

    Table of Contents


    Part I: Authenticity

    Chapter 1: Can Multiple Versions of a Text be Equally Authentic?

    Part II: Hermeneutics

    Chapter 2: The Rabbis as Unusual Romans

    Part III: Credibility

    Chapter 3: An Introduction to Credibility: On Sources, Credibility and Corroboration

    Chapter 4: Recovering Josephus’s Sources

    Chapter 5: Josephus and History

    Chapter 6: The Traditional Historical Method on the Credibility of Rabbinic Literature

    Chapter 7: The Collapse of the Traditional Presumptions about Rabbinic Literature

    Chapter 8: The New Historical Method on the Credibility of Rabbinic Literature: Three Case Studies

    Part IV: Conclusion

    Chapter 9: On Hillel the Elder’s Rise to Greatness




    Amram Tropper, Ph.D. (2002) Oxford University, is Senior Lecturer in Jewish History at Ben-Gurion University. His previous publications include Wisdom, Politics, and Historiography (Oxford, 2004), Like Clay in the Hands of the Potter (Merkaz Zalman Shazar, 2011) and Simeon the Righteous in Rabbinic Literature (Brill, 2013).

    Amram Tropper provides his readers with an exceptionally thoughtful guide to the methods required for valid use of the primary literary evidence for the history of the Jews in Roman times, with a series of pertinent case studies discussed in full and with admirable clarity.

    - Martin Goodman, Oxford University, UK


    A study of this type has been long overdue. Amram Tropper skillfully explains the advances in Josephean historiography and Talmudic methodology of the last half century and makes the first systematic and thoroughly compelling case for moving beyond the "traditional historical method." Tropper’s straightforward, polemic-free, and lucid presentation of the "New Historical Method" for the study of the Jews in the Roman Period will be welcomed by Judaic Studies scholars and by ancient historians, many of whom will be convinced that a consensus is finally emerging among specialists in this era.

    - Stuart S. Miller, University of Connecticut at Storrs, USA