Rhetoric, Ethics, and the Ontology of Things
Rhetorical Realism responds to the surging interest in nonhumans across the humanities by exploring how realist commitments have historically accompanied understandings of rhetoric from antiquity to the present. For a discipline that often defines itself according to human speech and writing, the nonhuman turn poses a number of challenges and opportunities for rhetoric. To date, many of the responses to the nonhuman turn in rhetoric have sought to address rhetoric’s compatibility with new conceptions of materiality. In Rhetorical Realism, Scot Barnett extends this work by transforming it into a new historiographic methodology attuned to the presence and occlusion of things in rhetorical history. Through investigations of rhetoric’s place in Aristotelian metaphysics, the language invention movement of the seventeenth century, and postmodern conceptions of rhetoric as an epistemic art, Barnett’s study expands the scope of rhetorical inquiry by showing how realist ideas have worked to frame rhetoric’s scope and meanings during key moments in its history. Ultimately, Barnett argues that all versions of rhetoric depend upon some realist assumptions about the world. Rather than conceive of the nonhuman as a dramatic turning point in rhetorical theory, Rhetorical Realism encourages rhetorical theorists to turn another eye toward what rhetoricians have always done—defining and configuring rhetoric within a broader ontology of things.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Into The Well
1. Reclaiming Rhetorical Realism
2. Aristotle’s Rhetorical Realism: Technē, Phusis, and Logos
3. Speaking with Things: Early Modern Rhetoric and the Dream of a Common Language
4. The Question Concerning Reality: Post-Kantian Rhetorical Realism
5. Care for Things: Ethics and Responsibility in the World of Things
Scot Barnett is Assistant Professor of English at Indiana University-Bloomington, USA where he teaches courses in rhetorical theory and digital rhetoric. With Casey Boyle, he is the editor of Rhetoric, Through Everyday Things (2016). His work has also appeared in the journals Enculturation, Kairos, and Itineration as well as in several edited collections.
"In the same vein as Thomas Rickert’s Ambient Rhetoric, Barnett offers some of the most original and compelling research to date with respect to rhetoric’s growing interest in nonhuman agency, posthumanism, and material rhetorics. I can see many audiences in rhetorical studies being intrigued with his creative idea to revisit and recast entirely a debate (realism/anti-realism) that our field (falsely) believed to be settled decades ago. In turn, Barnett’s realist approach to rhetorical historiography promises to call into question some of the most well entrenched epistemic and human centered foundations that continue to undergird a great deal of twentieth- and twenty-first century rhetorical theory. For this reason, his research will foster some much needed engagement by rhetoricians regarding Bruno Latour’s basic question to many of our field’s prevailing theoretical interests in postmodernism and poststructuralism: ‘Do you believe in reality?’ " - Steve Holmes, George Mason University, USA