1st Edition

Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era

Edited By Swapan K. Datta Copyright 2008
    504 Pages 55 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    516 Pages 55 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Rice is probably the most important food crop in the world, feeding half its population. Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era examines the findings in the current studies of rice improvement, using the modern genomic tools available in today’s agriculture to better enable food security and human welfare. This comprehensive text describes in detail the latest tools of genomics and the application of biotechnology to improve this crucial food crop that is the most important staple of developing countries. Top respected experts in rice science and genomics offer the latest in cutting-edge science and research based on genome sequencing, gene technology, and molecular biology. Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era provides a wide range of information essential to any professional concerned with food safety, security, and sustainability. This valuable source comprehensively and accurately describes rice science from the basics of modern genomics on up to the application of biotechnology. This text is extensively referenced, and includes photographs, tables, graphs, and figures to clearly present information.

    Topics discussed include: • rice genome sequencing project and its impact • gene expression using microarray system • haploid breeding • hybrid rice technology • Bt and disease resistance • abiotic stress tolerance • ensuring rice quality • genetically improved nutrition in rice • human milk proteins in rice grains • food safety of transgenic crops • and much more! Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era is an informative resource for educators, students, rice scientists, rice breeders, plant biotechnologists, researchers, and policymakers in agricultural sciences, rice improvement, and biotechnology. This source is a crucial addition to agricultural institutions, libraries, and teaching organizations.

    Foreword, G.S. Khush
    The International Rice Genome Sequencing Project (IRGSP) and Its Impact on Rice Genomics, T. Sasaki
    Background of Rice Genome Sequencing
    History of IRGSP
    IRGSP Sequencing Strategy
    Sequence Data Analysis
    Application to Rice Research
    Application to Cereal Research
    Comprehensive Analysis of Rice Gene Expression by Using the Microarray System: What We Have Learned from the Microarray Project, S. Kikuchi, J. Yazaki, N. Kishimoto, M. Ishikawa, and D. Endo
    The Rice Microarray System
    What Kinds of Knowledge Have Been Accumulated
    Studies Using the Rice Microarray System to Address the Physiology of This Plant
    Studies Using the Microarray System to Address the Physiology of Plants Other Than Rice
    Rice Improvement: Taking Advantage of New Technologies, D.J. Mackill
    Achievements and Limitations of Conventional Rice Breeding
    Linkage Maps and Marker-Assisted Selection
    Functional Genomics
    Future Prospects
    Haploid Breeding in Rice Improvement, S.K. Datta, L.B. Torrizo, G.B. Gregorio, and H.P. Moon
    Breeding Objectives and Accomplishments
    In Vitro Selection
    Culture Conditions
    Phenotypic Selection
    Marker-Assisted Selection of Dihaploids
    Dihaploids in Genomics
    Salt-Tolerant Lines Developed Through Anther Culture of F1s
    Use of Another Culture in Transgenics
    Conclusions and Future Prospects
    Hybrid Rice Technology, S.S. Virmani and I. Kumar
    Extent of Heterosis and Its Physiological Basis
    Accomplishment in Developing and Commercializing Rice Hybrids in China and Outside
    Genetic Tools for Developing Rice Hybrids
    Hybrid Rice Seed Production
    Biotechnological Tools for Hybrid Rice Breeding and Seed Production
    Economic Considerations in Hybrid Rice Technology
    Current Approaches to Improve Yield Heterosis
    Current Approaches for Grain Quality Improvement in Hybrid Rice
    Future Outlook
    Stem Borer Resistance: Bt Rice, N. Baisakh and S. K. Datta
    Major Insect Pests of Rice
    Crop Protection Strategies: Pros and Cons
    Bt Insecticidal Protein
    Historical Development in Genetic Engineering for Bt Transgenics
    Concerns Over Introducing Bt Crops in the Field/Market
    Biotechnological Approach of Disease Resistance in Rice, K. Datta and S.K. Datta
    Defense Mechanisms in Plants
    Disease Resistance in Rice
    Molecular Aspects of Rice Blast Disease Resistance: Insights from Structural and Functional Analysis of the Pi-Ta and AVR-Pita Gene Pair, Y. Jia and B. Valent
    Rice Pi-Ta Gene
    Magnaporthe grisea AVR-Pita Gene
    Current Challenges in Rice Blast Research
    Future Perspectives
    Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Rice, A. Grover, A. Chandramouli, S. Agarwal, S. Katiyar-Agarwal, M. Agarwal, and C. Sahi
    Worldwide Impact of Abiotic Stresses in Rice Cultivation
    Basic Tenets of Abiotic Stress Responses in Rice
    Molecular Changes Associated with Abiotic Stresses
    Development of Abiotic Stress-Tolerant Transgenic Rice
    Genomics and Proteomics of Abiotic Stresses in Rice
    Research Gaps and Future Prospects
    Rice End Use Quality, J. S. Bao, R. Fjellstrom, and C. Bergman
    Current Understanding
    Future Prospects
    Potential Barriers to Technology Having a Full Impact
    Genetically Improved Nutrition in Rice, S.K. Datta
    Rice Genome and Nutrition Profile
    Transgenic Approach to Improve Carotenoids in Rice
    Effect of Cooking on Carotenoids Profile
    Evaluation of Iron in Rice Germplasm
    Development of Transgenic High-Iron Rice
    Histochemical Localization of Ferritin Protein and Beta-Carotene in Rice Seeds
    Estimation of Iron in Rice Grain
    Synergism of Iron, Zinc, and Beta-Carotene Interaction and Absorption in Rice Grain
    Evaluation of “Golden Rice”; and High-Iron Rice Under Screen House Conditions
    Bioavailability of Plant-Based Carotenoids and Iron
    Carotenoids and Beta-Carotene Bioavailability
    Iron and Zinc Bioavailability and the Role of Phytic Acid
    Improvement of Lysine and Other Nutrients
    Expression of Human Milk Proteins in Mature Rice Grains, S. Nandi and N. Huang
    Selection of Promoters and Plant Transformation
    Expression of HLYS and HLF in Rice Grain
    Inheritance and Stability of Expression
    Molecular Weight and Glycosylation
    N-Terminal Amino Acid Sequence and Surface Charges
    Antimicrobial Activity
    pH Treatment
    Nutrient Value
    Factors That Contribute to High Expression Levels
    Utilization of Recombinant LYS and LF
    Future Prospect
    Nitrogen Fixation in Rice: A Reality or Dream, M. Dey and S.K. Datta
    Relevance of the Genomic Era: An Introduction
    Nodulation and Legumes
    An Evolutionary Perspective of Symbiosis
    Discussion: The Context of Rice
    Rice for Sustainable Food and Nutrition Security, M.S. Swaminathan and S. Appa Rao
    Introduction: Challenges Ahead
    Rice for Food and Nutrition Security
    Producing More Sustainably: Shifting to an Era of Precision Farming
    Research Strategies and Priorities
    Food Safety of Transgenic Crops, B.M. Chassy
    Principles of Safety Assessment of Transgenic Crops
    Safety Questions Common to All Novel Foods
    Safety Issues for Transgenic Rice
    Consumer Acceptance of Transgenic Crops and Foods: The Way Forward
    Reference Notes Included


    Swapan K. Datta