Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era

1st Edition

Edited by Swapan K. Datta

CRC Press

504 pages | 55 B/W Illus.

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Description

Rice is probably the most important food crop in the world, feeding half its population. Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era examines the findings in the current studies of rice improvement, using the modern genomic tools available in today’s agriculture to better enable food security and human welfare. This comprehensive text describes in detail the latest tools of genomics and the application of biotechnology to improve this crucial food crop that is the most important staple of developing countries. Top respected experts in rice science and genomics offer the latest in cutting-edge science and research based on genome sequencing, gene technology, and molecular biology. Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era provides a wide range of information essential to any professional concerned with food safety, security, and sustainability. This valuable source comprehensively and accurately describes rice science from the basics of modern genomics on up to the application of biotechnology. This text is extensively referenced, and includes photographs, tables, graphs, and figures to clearly present information.

Topics discussed include: • rice genome sequencing project and its impact • gene expression using microarray system • haploid breeding • hybrid rice technology • Bt and disease resistance • abiotic stress tolerance • ensuring rice quality • genetically improved nutrition in rice • human milk proteins in rice grains • food safety of transgenic crops • and much more! Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era is an informative resource for educators, students, rice scientists, rice breeders, plant biotechnologists, researchers, and policymakers in agricultural sciences, rice improvement, and biotechnology. This source is a crucial addition to agricultural institutions, libraries, and teaching organizations.

Table of Contents

Foreword, G.S. Khush

Preface

The International Rice Genome Sequencing Project (IRGSP) and Its Impact on Rice Genomics, T. Sasaki

Background of Rice Genome Sequencing

History of IRGSP

IRGSP Sequencing Strategy

Sequence Data Analysis

Application to Rice Research

Application to Cereal Research

Perspectives

Comprehensive Analysis of Rice Gene Expression by Using the Microarray System: What We Have Learned from the Microarray Project, S. Kikuchi, J. Yazaki, N. Kishimoto, M. Ishikawa, and D. Endo

Introduction

The Rice Microarray System

What Kinds of Knowledge Have Been Accumulated

Studies Using the Rice Microarray System to Address the Physiology of This Plant

Studies Using the Microarray System to Address the Physiology of Plants Other Than Rice

Rice Improvement: Taking Advantage of New Technologies, D.J. Mackill

Introduction

Achievements and Limitations of Conventional Rice Breeding

Linkage Maps and Marker-Assisted Selection

Functional Genomics

Future Prospects

Haploid Breeding in Rice Improvement, S.K. Datta, L.B. Torrizo, G.B. Gregorio, and H.P. Moon

Introduction

Breeding Objectives and Accomplishments

In Vitro Selection

Culture Conditions

Phenotypic Selection

Marker-Assisted Selection of Dihaploids

Dihaploids in Genomics

Salt-Tolerant Lines Developed Through Anther Culture of F1s

Use of Another Culture in Transgenics

Conclusions and Future Prospects

Hybrid Rice Technology, S.S. Virmani and I. Kumar

Introduction

Extent of Heterosis and Its Physiological Basis

Accomplishment in Developing and Commercializing Rice Hybrids in China and Outside

Genetic Tools for Developing Rice Hybrids

Hybrid Rice Seed Production

Biotechnological Tools for Hybrid Rice Breeding and Seed Production

Economic Considerations in Hybrid Rice Technology

Current Approaches to Improve Yield Heterosis

Current Approaches for Grain Quality Improvement in Hybrid Rice

Future Outlook

Stem Borer Resistance: Bt Rice, N. Baisakh and S. K. Datta

Introduction

Major Insect Pests of Rice

Crop Protection Strategies: Pros and Cons

Bt Insecticidal Protein

Historical Development in Genetic Engineering for Bt Transgenics

Concerns Over Introducing Bt Crops in the Field/Market

Conclusion

Biotechnological Approach of Disease Resistance in Rice, K. Datta and S.K. Datta

Introduction

Defense Mechanisms in Plants

Disease Resistance in Rice

Conclusions

Molecular Aspects of Rice Blast Disease Resistance: Insights from Structural and Functional Analysis of the Pi-Ta and AVR-Pita Gene Pair, Y. Jia and B. Valent

Introduction

Rice Pi-Ta Gene

Magnaporthe grisea AVR-Pita Gene

Current Challenges in Rice Blast Research

Future Perspectives

Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Rice, A. Grover, A. Chandramouli, S. Agarwal, S. Katiyar-Agarwal, M. Agarwal, and C. Sahi

Introduction

Worldwide Impact of Abiotic Stresses in Rice Cultivation

Basic Tenets of Abiotic Stress Responses in Rice

Molecular Changes Associated with Abiotic Stresses

Development of Abiotic Stress-Tolerant Transgenic Rice

Genomics and Proteomics of Abiotic Stresses in Rice

Research Gaps and Future Prospects

Rice End Use Quality, J. S. Bao, R. Fjellstrom, and C. Bergman

Introduction

Current Understanding

Future Prospects

Potential Barriers to Technology Having a Full Impact

Genetically Improved Nutrition in Rice, S.K. Datta

Introduction

Rice Genome and Nutrition Profile

Transgenic Approach to Improve Carotenoids in Rice

Effect of Cooking on Carotenoids Profile

Evaluation of Iron in Rice Germplasm

Development of Transgenic High-Iron Rice

Histochemical Localization of Ferritin Protein and Beta-Carotene in Rice Seeds

Estimation of Iron in Rice Grain

Synergism of Iron, Zinc, and Beta-Carotene Interaction and Absorption in Rice Grain

Evaluation of “Golden Rice”; and High-Iron Rice Under Screen House Conditions

Bioavailability of Plant-Based Carotenoids and Iron

Carotenoids and Beta-Carotene Bioavailability

Iron and Zinc Bioavailability and the Role of Phytic Acid

Improvement of Lysine and Other Nutrients

Conclusion

Expression of Human Milk Proteins in Mature Rice Grains, S. Nandi and N. Huang

Introduction

Selection of Promoters and Plant Transformation

Expression of HLYS and HLF in Rice Grain

Inheritance and Stability of Expression

Molecular Weight and Glycosylation

N-Terminal Amino Acid Sequence and Surface Charges

Antimicrobial Activity

pH Treatment

Nutrient Value

Factors That Contribute to High Expression Levels

Utilization of Recombinant LYS and LF

Future Prospect

Nitrogen Fixation in Rice: A Reality or Dream, M. Dey and S.K. Datta

Relevance of the Genomic Era: An Introduction

Nodulation and Legumes

An Evolutionary Perspective of Symbiosis

Discussion: The Context of Rice

Rice for Sustainable Food and Nutrition Security, M.S. Swaminathan and S. Appa Rao

Introduction: Challenges Ahead

Rice for Food and Nutrition Security

Producing More Sustainably: Shifting to an Era of Precision Farming

Research Strategies and Priorities

Conclusions

Food Safety of Transgenic Crops, B.M. Chassy

Introduction

Principles of Safety Assessment of Transgenic Crops

Safety Questions Common to All Novel Foods

Safety Issues for Transgenic Rice

Consumer Acceptance of Transgenic Crops and Foods: The Way Forward

Index

Reference Notes Included

About the Editor

Swapan K. Datta

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI011000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
SCI049000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Molecular Biology
SCI086000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General
TEC003000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General