Rights of nature is an idea that has come of age. In recent years, a diverse range of countries and jurisdictions have adopted these norms, which involve granting legal rights to nature or natural objects, such as rivers, forests, or ecosystems. This book critically examines the idea of natural objects as right-holders, and analyses legal cases, policies, and philosophical issues relating to this development.
Drawing on contributions from a range of experts in the field, Rights of Nature: A Re-examination investigates the potential for this innovative idea to revolutionize the concepts of rights, standing, and recognition as traditionally understood in many legal systems. Taking as its starting point Stone’s influential 1972 article ‘Should Trees Have Standing?’, the book examines the progress rights of nature have made since that time, by identifying central themes, unifying principles, and key distinctions in how rights of nature discourse has been operationalized in the disciplines of law, philosophy, and the social sciences. These themes and principles are illustrated through a wide variety of examples, including ecosystem services, indigenous thinking, and ecological restoration, demonstrating how the relationship between humanity and the natural world may be transforming.
Taking a philosophical, political, and legal perspective, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental law and policy, environmental ethics, and philosophy.
Table of Contents
1. Rights of Nature: Exploring the Territory
Daniel P. Corrigan & Markku Oksanen
2. Taking Stock of the Rights of Nature
Mike Angstadt and Marion Hourdequin
3. Pachamama As a Legal Person? Rights of Nature and Indigenous Thinking in Ecuador
4. 'Rights of Nature' In a Water Market
5. The Rights of Nature as Politics
6. Environmentally-Conditioned Human Rights: A Good Idea?
7. Human Rights and Rights of Nature: Prospects for a Linkage Argument
Daniel P. Corrigan
8. Rights-Based Restoration
9. Towards a New Framework for Rights of the Biotic Community
10. Fundamental Challenges for Rights of Nature
11. Close Reading Stone: Investigating the Seminal Article
Markku Oksanen and Anne Kumpula
Daniel P. Corrigan is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Marymount University
Markku Oksanen is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy in the Department of Social Sciences, University of Eastern Finland