River Flow 2012  book cover
1st Edition

River Flow 2012

ISBN 9780415621298
Published August 27, 2012 by CRC Press
1380 Pages

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Book Description

Rivers are complex entities. In addition to being valuable wildlife habitats, they support human activities by providing water for human usage, renewable energy and convenient transportation. Rivers may also pose threats to riverine communities, in the form of floods and other natural or man-induced hazards.

Contemporary societies recognize their responsibility in ensuring the sustainable use of rivers and in preserving river’s intrinsic ecological and landscape values. This obligation is often in conflict with riverine economic exploitation and with risk management concerns. As a discipline, Fluvial Hydraulics makes a significant contribution to the development of strategies for sustainable river use by providing new modelling tools and engineering techniques based on advances in phenomenological understanding and in computational modelling.

River Flow 2012 comprises the Proceedings of the sixth edition of the International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, organized under the auspices of the Committee on Fluvial Hydraulics of the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR). The book covers issues such as river hydrodynamics, morphodynamics and sediment transport. Other contributions describe interdisciplinary approaches and experiences, particularly regarding interfacial activities involving environmental sciences and information technologies. River Flow 2012 contains the most recent theoretical accomplishments, numerical developments, experimental investigations and field studies in Fluvial Hydraulics. It is an excellent resource for researchers, civil and environmental engineers, and practitioners in river-related disciplines.

Table of Contents

Organizing institutions and sponsor



Performance review of Jamuna Bridge River training works 1997–2009
G.J. Klaassen, H. van Duivendijk & M.H. Sarker

Fluvial influence on estuaries and coastal wetlands
G.M.E. Perillo

Problems and researches on eco-hydraulics and eco-sedimentation
Z.-Y.Wang & M. Xu

A. River hydrodynamics

A.1 Turbulent open channel flow & transport of sediments

Numerical investigation of flow structure and shear stress over fixed dunes
S. Attar & S.S. Li

Similarities and differences of fluvial shallow mixing layers
A. Dudill, J.D. Shucksmith &W. Brevis

3D flow structure in a sand bed stream with riparian vegetation
S. Gorrick & J.F. Rodríguez

Exchanges between river flow and its side basins
S. Karimpour Ghannadi &V.H. Chu

Computations of unsteady river flows around a bridge pier by shallow multi-level grid model
I. Kimura, S. Saito &Y. Shimizu

Influence of bluff body wake structure on fish preferred holding locations
R.W.J. Lacey & J.L. van Leeuwen

Turbulence anisotropy in a compound meandering channel
I. Mera, M.J. Franca, J. Anta & E. Peña

Visualizing the variation in normality of a turbulent velocity field
A. Nichols & S.J. Shepherd

Mean flow field around a boulder within a fully submerged boulder array
T. Papanicolaou, A.G. Tsakiris & C.M. Kramer

Higher-order moments of velocity fluctuations in an open channel flow with mobile bedforms
H. Prashanth Reddy, V. Roussinova, R. Balachandar &T. Bolisetti

Computations on meandering compound channel flows using 3D URANS model 1
R. Shimada, I. Kimura, Y. Shimizu & R. Inoue

Bursting and flow kinematics in natural streams
A.N. Sukhodolov &V.I. Nikora

A.2 Flow resistance & bed roughness

Numerical modelling of rapidly varying flow over weir-like obstacles during high water stages
S. Ali,W.S.J. Uijttewaal & I. Kimura

Shock wave/boundary layer interaction in hydraulic jumps in very large channels
M. Ben Meftah, F. De Serio & M. Mossa

2-D numerical modeling of water flow over a gravel bar
M. Jaballah, B. Camenen, A. Paquier & M. Jodeau

Intense bed-load friction and transport: The effect of concentration
V. Matoušek & J. Krupiˇcka

Integration of a dune roughness model with a large-scale flow model
A.J. Paarlberg & R.M.J. Schielen

Modelling the influence of macrophyte patches on river flow
P. Rameshwaran & P.S. Naden

Turbulence characteristics of rough open channel flow subjected to bed injection
V. Roussinova & R. Balachandar

Simulation of macro resistance in steep mountain stream
T.Wang &V.H. Chu

Bed form evolution under varying discharges, flume versus field
J.J.Warmink, C.M. Dohmen-Janssen & R.M.J. Schielen

A.3 Overbank flows & vegetation

An experimental study of drag forces acting on flexible plants
J. Aberle &A. Dittrich

Numerical modelling of overbank flood routing
J.B. Abril, M.S. Altinakar &Y. Jia

Influence of vegetation on compound-channel turbulent field
R. Azevedo, J.B. Leal & L. Rojas-Solórzano

Flow in skewed compound channels with rough floodplains
D. Bousmar, T. Jacqmin, S.Wyseur & S. Van Emelen

LES of flow past a porous cylinder
K.S. Chang & G. Constantinescu

Vegetated flows: drag force and velocity profiles for foliated plant stands
J. Jalonen, J. Järvelä & J. Aberle

Turbulent flows in a compound open channel with emergent vegetation
Y. Kawahara, F. Jahra & F. Hasegawa

Errors in 2-D modelling using a 0th order turbulence closure for compound channel flows
F. Linde, A. Paquier, S. Proust &Y. Peltier

Energy dissipation of flows in vegetated patches with spatially varying stem density
A.M. Ricardo, M.J. Franca, A. Schleiss & R.M.L. Ferreira

Modeling of vegetated rivers for inbank and overbank flows
K. Shiono, M. Takeda, K. Yang, Y. Sugihara &T. Ishigaki

Unsteady flow in natural compound channel: experiment and simulation
F.J.M. Simões & P.J. Kinzel

Dynamics of turbulent flow along and behind vegetation patches: Field experiments
T.A. Sukhodolova &A.N. Sukhodolov

Characteristics of local erosion and deposition with a patch of vegetation
H. Suk Kim, I. Kimura &Y. Shimizu

Propagation of a gravity current in an aquatic canopy: Insights from Large Eddy Simulations
A. Yuksel Ozan, G. Constantinescu &T. Tokyay

Application of a porous media approach for vegetation flow resistance
P. Zinke

A.4 Unsteady open channel flow & dambreak

Turbulence measurements in dam-break flows
R. Aleixo, Y. Zech & S. Soares-Frazão

Two-dimensional hydrodynamic dam break simulation on the Camú river, Dominican Republic
E. James Nelson & R. Jones

Submerged and un-submerged flow through dam breach
S. Karimpour Ghannadi &V.H. Chu

A.5 Interaction with structures

Scour around a variably submerged barb in a gravel bed stream
F. Bressan &A.N. Thanos Papanicolaou

Hydro- and morphodynamics tracking of the evolution of a culvert-attached scour hole
H.-C. Ho, A. Firoozfar & M. Muste

Modeling of flood in urban areas with a porosity model: Directional effects
M. Velickovic, Y. Zech & S. Soares-Frazão

A.6 Diffusion & dispersion process

The influence of bed roughness on the dynamics of gravity currents
H.I.S. Nogueira, C. Adduce, E. Alves & M.J. Franca
PTV-based detection of chaotic features in groyne field flushing processes
M. Zsugyel, K.G. Szabó & J. Józsa

B. River morphology & sediment transport

B.1 Mechanics of sediment transport

A settling velocity parameterization for sand/mud mixture in a 1D flow during a flushing event
G. Antoine, M. Jodeau, B. Camenen & M. Esteves

Tentative measurements of bedload transport in an energetic alpine gravel bed river
B. Camenen, M. Jaballah, T. Geay, P. Belleudy, J.B. Laronne & J.P. Laskowski

Experimental study of ripple formation
Y. Cui & J.C.Wells

Experimental bedload sorting at the particle scale on steep slopes
P. Frey &T. Martin

Tidal bore: Eulerian velocities and suspended sediment concentration measurements
L. Furgerot, D. Mouaze, B. Tessier & J.C. Brun-Cottan

Steep flume experiments with large immobile boulders and wide grain size distribution as encountered in alpine torrents
T. Ghilardi & A.J. Schleiss

Sediment erosion a numerical and experimental study
C. Goniva, K. Gruber & C. Kloss

Spatio-temporal variability of bedload transport
H. Habersack, A. Kreisler, J. Aigner, M. Liedermann & H. Seitz

Theoretical basis for Rosgen’s Pagosa good/fair equation
D.D. Hinton, R.H. Hotchkiss &T.P. Ballestero

Flow induced pressure fluctuations with a gravel bed
M. Jaeger & G. Smart

Adaptive roughness approach for 2D long-term morphodynamic simulation
R. Klar, L. Umach, S. Achleitner & M. Aufleger

Influence of depot size on bed load transport velocity over static armour layers
Kl. Koll & Ka. Koll

A continuous vertical grain sorting model for Telemac & Sisyphe
U.H. Merkel & R. Kopmann

Bed load movement over a fully developed armor layer – A tracer experiment
S. Spiller, N. Rüther, Kl. Koll & Ka. Koll

Incipient motion of non-cohesive particles in yield stress fluid flows
A. Tamburrino, D. Carrillo & C. Ihle

A meso-scale gravel tracer model for gravel-bed rivers
M. Tritthart, M. Liedermann & H. Habersack

Immobile layer formation due to vertical sorting of immobile grain size fractions
A.P. Tuijnder & J.S. Ribberink

Particle step length variation along river dunes
O.J.M. van Duin, J.S. Ribberink, C.M. Dohmen-Janssen & S.J.M.H. Hulscher

Sediment transport models to simulate erosion of overtopped earth-dikes
S. Van Emelen, L. Schmocker,W.H. Hager, S. Soares-Frazão &Y. Zech

Numerical simulation of sediment transport in open channel flow
B. Vowinckel, T. Kempe, J. Fröhlich &V.I. Nikora

Adjustment of fully-developed dunes to sudden changes in flow depth
J.D.Wiebe &A.M. Ferreira da Silva

B.2 River morphology & morphodynamics

The meandering Ucayali River, a cyclic adaptation of cutoff and planform migration
J.D. Abad, H. Montoro, C. Frias, J. Paredes & B. Peralta

One-dimensional numerical modelling of river morphology processes with non-uniform sediment
J.B. Abril, M.S. Altinakar &W.Wu

Morphological modeling of river perturbations due to hydroelectric structures at watershed scale
H. Alcayaga, P. Belleudy & C. Jourdain

Experimental analysis and numerical simulation of a gravel bed stream
A. Arias, C. Godoy &Y. Niño

A method to evaluate length and height of bed forms in vegetated beds
A. Armanini, V. Cavedon & M. Righetti

A coupled hydro-sedimentologic model to assess the advance of the Parana River Delta Front
N.D. Badano, M. Sabarots Gerbec, M. Re &A.N. Menéndez

A comprehensive field analysis of a river confluence
S. Baranya, J. Józsa, G.T. Török & N. Rüther

Glacial-lake outburst flood effects on Colonia River Morphology, Chilean Patagonia
E. Bastianon,W. Bertoldi & A. Dussaillant

Three effects of bedforms on the river bed profile
A. Blom

Numerical investigation of hydro-morphological changes due to training works in the Salzach River
M.D. Bui & P. Rutschmann

Automatic object detection to analyze the geometry of gravel grains – a free stand-alone tool
M. Detert &V.Weitbrecht

Numerical investigation of effect of flow stages and vegetation on bed morphology at a large river confluence
T.M. Dinh, I. Kimura &Y. Shimizu

Bend scour reduction induced by an air-bubble screen under live-bed conditions
V. Dugué, A.J. Schleiss & K. Blanckaert

Experimental characterization of root anchoring in non-cohesive sediment
K. Edmaier, B. Crouzy, P. Perona & P. Burlando

Field-scale experiment on migrating bar dynamics: Preliminary analysis
J.P.C. Eekhout & A.J.F. Hoitink

The transition between gravel-bed rivers and sand-bed rivers
R.M. Frings, F. Kirsch, H. Schüttrumpf & S. Vollmer

Numerical simulations of groyne influenced dunes
A. Goll & R. Kopmann

Two-phase modelling of total sediment load in fast geomorphic transients
M. Greco, M. Iervolino, A. Vacca & A. Leopardi

Sediment transport in a 90-degree diversion: Experimental and conceptual approach
A. Herrero, A. Bateman & V. Medina

On the cause of sand casting due to avulsions part 2 numerical modelling
E.M. Hooning, G.J. Klaassen & E. Mosselman

Numerical simulation of sand bar formation in downstream of back-step structure with sudden expansion
T. Hosoda & H. Shirai

Numerical simulation on bed evolution and channel migration in rivers
T. Iwasaki, Y. Shimizu & I. Kimura

Numerical discretization of the Exner equation in unsteady floods
C. Juez, J. Murillo & P. García-Navarro

Scouring depth around arch spur dike at river banks
A. Keshavarzi, H. Khabbaz & J. Ball

On the cause of sand casting due to avulsions part 1 analytical approach
G.J. Klaassen & E.M. Hooning

The role of intra-event scale bed morphodynamics for riverbank erosion
M. Klösch, B. Blamauer & H. Habersack

Modelling bank erosion in fluvial channels
Y.G. Lai, B.P. Greimann & K.Wu

Braided channel morphological changes derived from a combined analysis of multidate airborne LiDAR and archive aerial photographs
S. Lallias-Tacon, F. Liébault & H. Piégay

The Moiré method applied to sediment transport in a small-scale braided river
P. Leduc, H. Bellot, A. Recking & M. Naaim

Characteristics of meanders and oxbow lakes in Qinghai-Tibet plateau
Z.W. Li, Z.-Y.Wang & L. Liu

Validation of video monitoring technique to measure wood transport in a river
B.J. MacVicar & H. Piégay

Padma River morphodynamics near Padma Bridge
D.G. McLean, J.A. Vasquez, K. Oberhagemann & M.H. Sarker

Numerical exploration of navigability in anabranches around a large fluvial island
F.C.R. Melman, E. Mosselman, J.L. Jimenez Osorio & A. Montes Arboleda

Simultaneous, co-located measurements of flow velocity and sediment concentration over mobile dunes
S. Naqshband, J.S. Ribberink, S.J.M.H. Hulscher & D. Hurther

Using computational modeling of river flow with remotely sensed data to Infer Channel Bathymetry
J.M. Nelson, R.R. McDonald, P.J. Kinzel & Y. Shimizu

1-D long term simulation of the Paraná River morphodynamics in the light of climate variability
M. Nones, G. Di Silvio, M. Guerrero & L. Pastorello

Quasi-3D modelling of bed shear stresses at high curvature
W. Ottevanger,W.S.J. Uijttewaal & K. Blanckaert

Morphological modelling of side channels: A comparison between an analytical and numerical approach
R.M.J. Schielen, D.R. van Putten, C.F. van der Mark & J.S. Ribberink

Effect of sediment entrainment and avalanching on modeling of Grand Canyon eddy bars
K.C.J. Sloff, B. Nieuwboer, B. Logan & J. Nelson

Development of a rapid assessment tool for river bank erosion
A. Spruyt, R.A.M. van der Sligte, C.F. van der Mark, A. Sieben & E. Mosselman

Contributions, possibilities and limitations in fluvial eco-hydromorphology
R.Y. Tatis Muvdi & J. Stamm

The influence of fluvial and maritime processes in shaping the eastern coast of the upper Rio de la Plata estuary
L. Teixeira, I. Piedra-Cueva & S. Solari

A method for systematic assessment of the morphodynamic response to removal of bank protection
C.F. van der Mark, R.A.M. van der Sligte, A. Becker, E. Mosselman & H.J. Verheij

Modeling stratigraphy formed by prograding Gilbert deltas
E. Viparelli, A. Blom & G. Parker

Study on mesoscale bed form in the Ganges reach dominated by suspended sediment
A. Yorozuya, MD. S. Rahman & S. Egashira

Detailed modelling of river morphological response to climate change scenarios
M.F.M. Yossef & K. Sloff

Author index



B.3 Sedimentation in reservoirs

Numerical analysis of sediment transport processes in a reservoir
G. Harb, C. Dorfmann, J. Schneider, S. Haun & H. Badura

3D numerical simulation of the flushing process in the Angostura reservoir
S. Haun, N.R.B. Olsen, C.R. Rodríguez Meza & L. Lizano

Sediment transport modelling of a reservoir drawdown, example of Tolla reservoir
M. Jodeau & S. Menu

Numerical analysis of hydraulic characteristics in a dry dam
Y. Murata, I. Kimura, Y. Shimizu & S. Kawamura

Watershed erosion evaluation of empirical and physical models at Aguacate Reservoir
E.J. Nelson, J.E. McCarthy, M. Paudel & F. Perez

Tarbela Dam in Pakistan. Case study of reservoir sedimentation
M. Roca

B.4 Sediment-structure interaction

The morphology of an evolving scour hole around a bridge pier
P. Bouratsis, P. Diplas, C.L. Dancey & N. Apsilidis

Hydrological and hydraulic characterization in semi arid zones. Analysis of model type, basin size and sediment transport formulae
L.G. Castillo & M.D. Marin

Statistical analysis of fractal scaling for flow structure around circular bridge pier
A. Keshavarzi & J. Ball

Effect of spacing and skew-angle on clear-water scour at pier alignments
R. Lança, C. Fael, R. Maia, J. Pêgo &A.H. Cardoso

Evaluation of local scour depth around complex bridge piers
M. Moreno, R. Maia, L. Couto &A. Cardoso

3D determination of the scour evolution around a bridge pier by photogrammetric means
C. Rapp, K. Eder & U. Stilla

Scouring processes around a semi-circular nose pier with attack angles
M. Romero, N. Canedo & R. Segales

Experiments on ecohydraulic parameters at unstructured block ramps
S. Tamagni, V.Weitbrecht & R.M. Boes

B.5 Transport & fate of pollutants in rivers

Probable maximum flood inundation modeling: a case study in southern Virginia
W.J. Kingston, C.F. Castro-Bolinaga, E.R. Zavaleta & P. Diplas

Assessment of analytical models for simulating continuous time series of suspended particulate matter concentration in regulated rivers
M. Launay, J. Le Coz, H. Angot & M. Coquery

B.6 Debris & hyperconcentrated flow

High-speed debris-flows generating 2D impulse waves: Experimental analysis
F. Bregoli, A. Bateman Pinzón &V. Medina

An experimental study of hyperconcentrated flows
C. Le Bouteiller, F. Naam & N. Mathys

C. River engineering

C.1 Flow management & flood control

Simultaneous prediction of rating curves and junction split flow relationships in a natural river network
J.B. Abril & D.W. Knight

Distributed flow guided hydraulic modeling of a desert river system for flood control
I. Ahmed & R.M. Gerlach

Importance of river bank and floodplain slopes on the accuracy of flood inundation mapping
S.A. Brandt & N.J. Lim

Control of a single reach with model predictive control
M. Breckpot, B. De Moor & O.M. Agudelo

A hydrologic and hydrodynamic modeling approach for flood risk assessment
C. de Gonzalo, J.C. Robredo & J.A. Mintegui

Erosion protection of barrier beach strips between river-fed lagoons and the sea
V.J.E. Den Boer, F.C.R. Melman, S. Post, E. Mosselman, J. Denham & C. Fernandez

Some considerations on reproducing flash floods using one water stage hydrograph at one site
T. Hosoda, H. Shirai & A. Saif

Prediction of Discharge in a meandering channel using ANFIS
S. Moharana & K.K. Khatua

Building a 2-D model for the floods in the inner delta of Niger River
G. Roy, A. Paquier, G. Belaud & J.P. Baume

Effect of sediment diameter on plane dike breach shape and on breach discharge
L. Schmocker & W.H. Hager

Driftwood retention in large rivers – a new concept
V.Weitbrecht & L. Schmocker

Flood probability mapping by means of conceptual modeling
V.Wolfs, N. Van Steenbergen & P.Willems

C.2 River habitat management & river restoration

Turbulent flow around box groyne with a longitudinal block
F. Cai & A. Tominaga

Optimization of ecologically oriented structures in a small urban river
C. Lange, Q. Zhang & R. Hinkelmann

Habitat suitability simulation of theYangtze River’s four major carp species
A.Y.J. Yi & B.S.H. Zhang

C.3 Physical & numerical modelling in river engineering

Hydraulic analysis of transcritical flow in a drop structure applying 1D and 2D numerical models in comparison with a reduced-scale physical model
J.B. Abril

Historic changes in the Salt River bed stability and its implications on a flood control levee design
I. Ahmed & G.E. Freeman

Density current migration around a sluice gate
R. Akahori &Y. Yoshikawa

Development of the iRIC Software for River analysis
K. Asahi, Y. Yoshida, H. Tsunematsu, Y. Shimizu & J. Nelson

Flow under ice cover and jam effects
D. Carstensen

Evaluation of the applicability of a coupled model of groundwater and surface flow using field data
D. Caviedes-Voullième, M. González-Sanchis, P. García-Navarro, J. Murillo, E. González & F. Comín

Role of bed elevation discordance at 90◦ straight-channel confluences
D. Ðordevic

Comparison between standard and non-linear k-ε turbulence models for three-dimensional simulation of turbulent flow in a meandering open channel
B. Fraga, L. Cea, E. Peña & L. Davidson

MASCARET: A 1-D open-source software for flow hydrodynamic and water quality in open channel networks
N. Goutal, J.-M. Lacombe, F. Zaoui & K. El-Kadi-Abderrezzak

Simulation of sediment transport upon dam removal
B.P. Greimann & Y.G. Lai

Modeling the effect of dumping of fine sediment at the Danube River
M. Haimann, M. Tritthart & H. Habersack

Numerical discretization of friction term in unsteady mud/debris floods
J. Murillo & P. García-Navarro

Simulation and POD analysis of the flow field in a reach of the Hudson River Estuary
T.N.M. Phan, J.C.Wells,W.D. Kirkey, M.S. Islam, C.B. Fuller, T.O. Ojo & J.S. Bonner

Uncertainty in 2D flood plain modeling concerning varying distribution of tributary bed loads and rainfall
M. Ploerer, S. Achleitner, B. Gems & M. Aufleger

Discretisation methods of grading curves at morphodynamic computations
L. Umach, R. Klar, S. Achleitner & M. Aufleger

Assessment of model improvement actions in river hydrodynamic modelling
N. Van Steenbergen & P.Willems

Hydraulic modeling for the Padma River Bridge
J.A. Vasquez, D.G. McLean, V.F. O’Connor & A. Zimmermann

Evaluation of strategies for the acceleration of morphodynamic simulations against the background of waterways maintenance
S.Wurms & P.M. Schröder

C.4 Navigation waterways and dredging

The effect of river training structures on flood heights on the Middle Mississippi River
E.J. Brauer

Preparing self supporting river systems: How to cope with excessive maintenance dredging?
S. van Vuren & H. Havinga

C.5 Innovative field & laboratory instrumentation

Optical techniques for surface velocity and bed elevation measurements in a fluvial physical scale model
K. El-Kadi-Abderrezzak, A. Die Moran, M. Jodeau & F. Lebert

Comparison of discharge measurements acquired with ADCP in a moving vessel and fixed vessel techniques in amazon river basin
P.E.M. Gamaro, L.H. Maldonado & K.A. Lima

Stage-discharge hysteresis evidenced by multi-ADCP measurements
J. Le Coz, K. Pobanz, J.-B. Faure, G. Pierrefeu, B. Blanquart & Y. Choquette

Characterization of shallow flows using novel acoustic instrumentation
A. Nichols, S.J. Tait & K.V. Horoshenkov

Detection of erosion/deposition depth using a passive RFID technology
A.N. Papanicolaou, I.V. Moustakidis & A.G. Tsakiris

C.6 Bank erosion, scour & protection

Estimation of rock erosion in channels, bridge piers and hydraulic jumps
J.D. Brea, P.D. Spalletti & J. Heck

Impact of ship waves on the sediment transport in a nature friendly bank protection
S. De Roo, L. Vanhaute & P. Troch

The rap on river banks: Protecting river banks with loose rock riprap
D.C. Froehlich

Failure risk analysis of riverbank ripraps with Monte Carlo simulation
M. Jafarnejad, M. Pfister & A.J. Schleiss

Characteristics of pier scour in cohesive sediments
R.K. Jain, U.C. Kothyari & A. Kumar

Quantifying the effect of sediment compaction on pier scour
O. Link, K. Klischies, P. Arriagada, G. Montalva & A. Stehr

Author index

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