This book focuses on the river morphodynamics and stream ecology of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The objective of the book is to summarize and synthesize the recent studies based on field surveys undertaken in the period 2007-2014. This book was written to serve as a graduate-level text for a course in river dynamics and stream ecology and as a reference text for engineers and researchers engaged in hydropower engineering, fluvial geomorphology and aquatic ecology. The first two chapters serve as an introduction of geomorphological characteristics as well as uplift and its impact on river morphology of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Chapters 3-5 cover meandering rivers and cutoff, wetlands and wetland shrinkage,desertification and restoration strategies in the Sanjiangyuan region. Chapter 6 discusses the interaction between erosion and vegetation, and Chapter 7 characterizes the aquatic ecology of the Yarlung Tsangpo and the Sanjiangyuan region.
Table of Contents
1. Uplift of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and development of stream networks
2. Morphodynamics caused by glaciers, landsides and debris flows
3. Morpho-dynamics of meandering rivers in the plateau
4. Plateau wetland and rapid shrinkage of peat land
5. Desertification and restoration strategies
6. Vegetation and erosion in the Yalutsangpo basin
7. Aquatic ecology
Zhaoyin Wang is professor at Tsinghua University and chairman of the Advisory Council of the International Research and Training Center on Erosion and Sedimentation (UNESCO). He is vice president of the International Association of Hydraulic Engineering Research (IAHR) and chairman of the division of Hydro-environment of IAHR, chief editor of the International Journal of Sediment Research; and vice president of the World Association for Sedimentation and Erosion Research (WASER).
His research interests include sediment transportation, river ecology and integrated river management. He has published more than 300 papers in international and Chinese journals. His scientific achievements include the theory of hyperconcentrated flows, debris flows and control strategies, development of vegetation-erosion dynamics, research in eco-sedimentation, theory and methods of integrated river management. In recognition of Zhaoyin Wang’s scientific contributions, the Chinese government has awarded him several prizes. The American Society of Civil Engineers awarded him the 2011 Hans Albert Einstein Award.
Zhiwei Li is a post-doctoral research fellow of Tsinghua University.
His research interests include fluvial processes, meandering river and wetland. He has published more than 30 papers in international and Chinese journals as the first author. His current efforts focus on fluvial processes of the Yangtze River Source and Yellow River Source and wetland degradation mechanisms of the Ruoergai basin on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
Mengzhen Xu is doctor and assistant professor of Tsinghua University.
Her research interest include eco-hydraulics and eco-sedimentation, restoration of river ecosystems, and the impact of hydraulic engineering on aquatic ecosystems. She has published and co-authored more than 40 papers in international and Chinese journals.
Doctor Guoan Yu is Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow and assistant professor of Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS.
His research interest include fluvial processes, bedload transport and geomorphology.