1st Edition

Rock Engineering and Rock Mechanics: Structures in and on Rock Masses

    372 Pages
    by CRC Press

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    Rock Engineering and Rock Mechanics: Structures in and on Rock Masses covers the most important topics and state-of-the-art in the area of rock mechanics, with an emphasis on structures in and on rock masses. The 255 contributions (including 6 keynote lectures) from the 2014 ISRM European Rock Mechanics Symposium (EUROCK 2014, Vigo, Spain, 27-29 May 2014) are subdivided under the following 10 headings:

    - Rock properties and testing methods
    - Rock mass characterization
    - Rock mechanics for infrastructures
    - Mining and quarrying rock mechanics
    - Design methods and analysis
    - Monitoring and back analysis
    - Excavation and support
    - Case histories and Preservation of natural stone
    - Petroleum engineering, hydro-fracking and CO2 storage
    - Applicability of EUROCODE-7 in rock engineering

    Rock Engineering and Rock Mechanics: Structures in and on Rock Masses will be of interest to rock mechanics academics as well as to professionals who are involved in the various branches of rock engineering.

    Preface
    Committees

    Keynote lectures

    Shear strength of rock, rock joints and rock masses – Problems and some solutions
    N.R. Barton

    Rock mass characterization by means of advanced survey methods
    A.M. Ferrero, M.R. Migliazza & G. Umili

    Representation of rock discontinuities in safety analysis of large dams
    J.V. Lemos

    Foundations on rock masses
    C. Olalla

    The impact of brittle behaviour of rocks on tunnel excavation design
    D. Martin

    Case histories of rock engineering projects in China
    X.-T. Feng, Z. Chuanqing, L. Shaojun, C. Bingrui, Q. Shili & Z. Hui


    1. Rock properties and testing methods

    Experimentally-based relation between dynamic and static elastic moduli of various sandstones and a quartzite
    M. Alber

    Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based model for predicting of overall strength of Volcanic Bimrock
    H. Sonmez, A. Coskun, M. Ercanoglu, D. Turer, K.E. Kasapoglu & C. Tunusluoglu

    Quantifying the discrepancy in preloads estimated by acoustic emission and deformation rate analysis
    M. Karakus

    A new rheological hardening model for prediction of creep deformation of rock samples
    M. Karami, A. Fahimifar & E. Pakniat

    Energy analyses of uniaxial impact compressive tests for coalmine sandstone after cyclic wetting and drying
    P.Yuan & Q.Y. Ma

    A lab-testing based geomechanical characterization of metamorphic rocks focusing on post-failure behavior
    I. Pérez-Rey, J. Arzúa, J. Barbiero, L.R. Alejano & G.Walton

    A new approach of limit equilibrium models for rock joints
    M.J.A. Leal-Gomes & C. Dinis da Gama

    Effect of loading rate on fracture behaviour of rock materials
    Q.B. Zhang & Y. Zou

    Development of testing methods of Thin Spray-on Liner shear-bond strength
    Q.Q. Qiao, J. Nemcik, I. Porter, E. Baafi, Z.Y. Zhang & Z.J. Shan

    Temperature-confining pressure coupling effects on the permeability of three rock types under triaxial compression
    A.K.M.B. Alam, Y. Fujii, D. Fukuda & M. Niioka

    Proposal of a new rock creep model
    V. Brotóns, S. Ivorra, R. Tomás, J. Martínez-Martínez & D. Benavente

    Correlations between static and dynamic elastic modulus of a calcarenite heated at different temperatures
    V. Brotóns, S. Ivorra & R. Tomás

    Dynamic fracture behavior of cubic and core specimens under impact load
    G.H. Khandouzi, A. Mirmohamadlou & H. Memarian

    Biot’s effective stress coefficient of rocks for peak and residual strengths by modified failure envelope method
    A.B.N. Dassanayake & Y. Fujii

    Correlation of direct and indirect tensile tests for use in the Hoek-Brown constant mi
    S.A.L. Read & L.R. Richards

    Effect of infill thickness on shear behaviour of jointed rock under CNS conditions
    A.K. Shrivastava & K.S. Rao

    Textural anisotropies characterization of granitic rocks using P-waves velocities
    L. Calleja, A. Rodríguez-Rey, V.G.R. de Argandoña, C. Camino & N. Sánchez-Delgado

    Deformation behavior and shear wave velocity under confined triaxial extension stress
    M. Takahashi, H. Park, Y. Fujii & M. Sato

    Estimation of rock mass deformation modulus using a Bayesian approach
    X.D. Feng & R. Jiménez

    Prediction of the mechanical compressive behavior of granite using intelligent tools
    F.F. Martins, T. Miranda & G. Vasconcelos

    The influence of microwave radiation on hard rocks as in microwave assisted rock breakage applications
    P. Nekoovaght & F. Hassani

    Considerations on the laboratory estimate of the basic friction angle of rock joints
    J. González, N. González-Pastoriza, U. Castro, L.R. Alejano & J. Muralha

    Failure behaviour and acoustic emission pattern of slate and mica schist in uniaxial loading
    N. Slatalla & M. Alber

    A detailed look at pre-peak dilatancy in a granite – determining “plastic” strains from laboratory test data
    G.Walton, M.S. Diederichs & J. Arzúa

    Experimental evaluation of the fracture toughness on a limestone
    G. Suhett Helmer, J. Sulem, S. Ghabezloo, J. Rohmer & F. Hild

    The static and dynamic elasticity parameters of laminated silty-clay shales at the simulated depth up to 4 km
    A. Dziedzic & J. Pininska

    Identification of the dependency to water content of the mechanical properties of Channel tunnel chalk
    S. Maiolino

    Upscaling elastic moduli in Copenhagen limestone
    N. Katic & H.F. Christensen

    A rock mass elastic modulus estimation using Mae Moh mine’s large scale experiment data
    N. Mavong, A. Chaiwan & C. Leelasukseree

    Damage detection of rocks under conventional triaxial compression
    R.D. Peng, Y. Ju, L.T. Mao, H.B. Liu & P.Wang

    Slit local stress relieving and its application to unloading zonation of rock excavation surface
    Y.Wang, J. Yin, C. Zhou & K. Ai

    Petrophysical interpretation of mechanical behaviour of ornamental stones from Galicia (Spain)
    N. Sánchez-Delgado, A. Rodríguez-Rey, L. Calleja, V.G.R. de Argandoña & C. Camino

    Measurement of the basic friction angle of rock by three different tilt test methods
    J. Ruiz & C. Li

    Reversible deformation phenomena of a high stressed rock samples
    V. V. Makarov, L.S. Ksendzenko, A.M. Golosov & N.A. Opanasiuk

    Applicability of acoustic emission technique for vertical stress determination in mine pillars
    G. Paneiro & C. Dinis da Gama

    X-ray fluorescence methods for the recognition of minerals and rocks. Application to granite
    N. Barral-Ramón, R. Pérez-Álvarez & R.L. Huerta

    Laboratory analysis of thermal fatigue in limestone
    M. Gasc-Barbier, G. Girma & V. Gendre

    Identification of rheological behavior of salt rock at elevated temperature, case study: Gachsaran evaporative formation, Iran
    N.A. Ghavidel, A. Nazem, M. Heidarizadeh, M. Moosavi & H. Memarian

    Evolution of damage on tensile fracturing of rock by means of elastic ultrasonic wave velocity
    M. Ghamgosar, N. Erarslan & D.J.Williams

    The effect of cyclic loading amplitude and notch crack inclination angle on the fracture toughness test on Brisbane tuff-multiple factorial analyses
    M. Ghamgosar & N. Erarslan

    Abu Hamour, TBM launch shaft – a rock mass classification attempt for a deep shaft in Doha, Qatar
    J.B. Stypulkowski, A.K. Pathak & F.G. Bernardeau

    Understanding the boundary effects by means of numerical modelling when performing punching test on small samples
    J.P. Tshibangu, F. Descamps & G. Di Paolo

    Fracturing and indirect tensile strength of brittle and ductile rocks
    N. Erarslan & M. Ghamgosar

    Geotechnical characterization of low strength anisotropic rocks in the Strait of Gibraltar area
    A. Perucho, M. Muñiz & J.A. Díez

    Shapes of failure in collapsible materials
    A. Serrano, M. Conde & A. Perucho

    Experimental relationships among strength parameters in monoaxial loading conditions for porous effusive rocks
    T. Rotonda, L. Verrucci & P. Tommasi

    Abrasivity measures on geotechnical materials of the Barcelona area
    C. González, M. Arroyo & A. Gens

    The comparison of compression and impression relaxation tests with different diameters of indenter in salt rock
    F. Tavanaei, M.H. Mehranpour & M. Moosavi


    2. Rock mass characterization

    Characterizing the influence of micro-heterogeneity on the strength and fracture of rock using an FDEM-μDFN approach
    P. Hamdi, D. Stead & D. Elmo

    Effects of loading conditions on strength and deformability of fractured rocks – a numerical study
    M.N. Bidgoli & L. Jing

    Geophysical characterization of an instable rock mass
    C. Colombero & C. Comina

    Relationship between RMRb and GSI based on in situ data
    F. Ceballos, C. Olalla & R. Jiménez

    Results of laboratory tests on artificial block-in-matrix rocks
    T. Pilgerstorfer & W. Schubert

    Foundation properties of variably weathered rock beneath a heavy mineral processing plant
    D.C. Starr & E.T. Brown

    Experimental and numerical study of fracture aperture estimation and characteristics of non-linear fluid flow through artificial fracture intersections
    R. Liu, Y. Jiang, B. Li, X.Wang & H. Huang

    Horizontal stresses at shallow depths in Seoul (Korea) gneissic region
    E.S. Park, B.H. Choi, S.H. Bae & S. Jeon

    A tool for semi-automatic geostructural survey based on DTM – a case study from NW Italy
    S. Bonetto, A. Facello & G. Umili

    Estimation of crack tensor components for the different distributions of crack orientation
    A.F. Idziak

    Determination of the stability and identification of risk level in slopes between Vuelta de Lola community – El Peñón community. Mérida, Venezuela
    I. Contreras, E. Fernández & N. Belandria

    Extended rock mass characterisation from 3D images
    A. Gaich, M. Pötsch & W. Schubert

    On the use of the continuity factor for rock mass properties based on a literature review of the representative elementary volume
    P. Zhou & F. Johansson

    Coupling photogrammetric data with a discrete element model for rock slope stability assessment
    V. Bonilla-Sierra, F.V. Donzé, L. Scholtès & M. Elmouttie

    Geotechnical characterization and correlations obtained in Flysch units
    A.A. Lertxundi, R.M. Bernal, G.M. Ruiz & S. Sánchez-Rodríguez

    Ageing of chalk rocks in an underground quarry
    N. Lafrance, M. Souley, C. Auvray, O. Favreau & V. Labiouse

    Improving teaching methods of rock mass classification parameters
    P.T. Barbens, L. Uotinen, T.L. Toivanen & C. Edelbro

    Mechanical characterization of the rocks involved in the Albuñuelas landslide (South Spain)
    J. Martínez-Martínez, J.D. Marchal, D. Benavente, S. Ordoñez, J. Garrido, S. Martino & M.A. García-del-Cura

    Preliminary assessment of the scaling relationships of in-situ stress orientation variations indicated by wellbore failure data
    B. Valley & K.F. Evans

    Mathematical development of stress-strain law for rock block contacts
    R. Galindo, A. Serrano & C. Olalla

    Characterization of rock joints by fractal analysis
    R. Galindo, A. Serrano & C. Olalla

    Geotechnical characterization of rocky materials from Arteara rock avalanche (Gran Canaria)
    M. Santana, J. Estaire & J. Yepes


    3. Rock mechanics for infrastructures

    Quantitative assessment of an Excavation Damaged Zone from variations in seismic velocity and fracture distribution around a gallery in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory
    K. Aoyagi, K. Tsusaka, K. Kondo & D. Inagaki

    Development of gas-tightness evaluation system for Kurashiki national LPG stockpiling base
    Y. Okazaki, T. Maejima, S. Okubo, H. Kurose & C.S. Chang

    Distinct element method simulation of stress fracturing around an underground opening
    N. Bahrani, B. Valley & P.K. Kaiser

    Gravitational instability of a micaschist formation and its effects on road infrastructure
    D. Simic & J. López

    Application of the Hoek & Brown (1980) failure criterion to the design of the
    foundation of an arch dam 155
    C.M. Baena, C. Granell & C. Olalla

    3D geomechanical modeling of cavity growth in loosely consolidated sandstone
    M. Nassir & D.Walters

    In-situ stress amplification in tunnels from Spain, Iran and Chile estimated by TSI and SAF indices
    L.G. de Vallejo, T. Hijazo, J.M. Galera & Z.A. Entezari

    Influence of intermediate principal stress on correction formula of bearing capacity of rock foundation
    Z.M. Zhang & W.-D. Lei

    A unified thermo-plastic/viscoplastic constitutive model for geomaterials
    S. Raude, F. Laigle, R. Fernandes & R. Giot

    Sliding stability analysis of a gravity dam founded on a rock mass with an impersistent joint set
    M. Cabrera, S. Senent, C. Olalla & R. Jiménez

    Underground gas storage in Portuguese salt caverns
    P. Vidal-Nunes & C. Dinis da Gama

    Slope stabilization methods. Alternatives for the containment of land slopes
    N. Barral-Ramón, R. Pérez-Álvarez & R.L. Huerta

    Application of the electrical tomography technique in the design of a soil-nailing reinforcement for a slope in karstic limestone and sandy colluvial
    I. Pérez-Santisteban, J. Dorronsoro-Pérez & F. Puell-Marín

    Numerical analysis and monitoring of the Matinkylä Metro station, Espoo, Finland
    J. Pöllä & I. Konstantas

    Main difficulties and lessons learnt during the TBM excavation in shales in the North portal of Pajares tunnels
    M.B.D. Aguado, J.G. de Muro & R. Rodríguez

    Analysis of the conditions of stability and stabilization of two slopes, in AP-68 with K.P. 59+743 to 60+038 and in AP-7 with K.P. 581+250 to 581+315, and incorprating the terrestrial photorestitution
    S. Rodón, F.J. Castanedo & M. Sopena

    A review on the impacts and causes of landslides associated with recent earthquakes in Iran
    K.A. Hosseini, F.L. Pellet & M.K. Bakhshayesh


    4. Mining and quarrying rock mechanics

    Impact of destress blasting on stress field development ahead of a hardcoal longwall face
    P. Konicek, J. Ptacek, L. Stas, R. Kukutsch, P.Waclawik & A. Mazaira

    Optimum extraction of pillars by FLAC-3D where surface features is the major constrain
    K. Das & G.S. Kumar

    Detection of faults and hidden granites in metallic mine using ground penetrating radar tomography
    F. Yang, C. Du, X. Xu, Y. Liang & X. Xu

    Mining induced static stress transfer and its relation to a high-precision located Mw =1.9 seismic event in a South African gold mine
    M. Ziegler, K. Reiter, O. Heidbach, A. Zang, G. Kwiatek, T. Dahm, G. Dresen & G. Hofmann

    Detection of underground instabilities in an old limestone quarry through acoustic monitoring
    C. Occhiena, M. Pirulli, C. Scavia, A. Astolfi, G.E. Puglisi, L. Shtrepi, C.E. Nadim & P. Bigarré

    Kinematic analyses of the western pitwall of the main pit in the Letseng Diamond mine, Lesotho
    M.N. Lephatsoe, E.D.C. Hingston, M. Ferentinou & N. Lefu

    Prediction of deformation modes of rock slope due to excavation on plateau type mine
    Najib, D. Fukuda & J. Kodama

    A study of a joint model incorporating excavation-induced opening effect
    Y. Li, J. Oh, R. Mitra & B. Hebblewhite

    Using the distribution curves to optimize the block exploitation in natural stone quarries
    A. Turanboy & E. Ülker

    An application of epoxy and polyurethane on various marbles to enhance cuttability
    M. Ba¸syi˘git, O. Bayram & H. Tunçdemir

    Modelling methodology: Structural geology and rock mass behaviour at Kiirunavaara Mine
    J. Vatcher, S.D. McKinnon, J. Sjöberg & C. Dahnér

    Advanced 3D geotechnical modeling of Las Cruces open pit
    S. Cooper, M.D. Rodríguez, V. Pozo & J.M. Galera

    MGC–RocDesign|CALC: A geomechanical calculator tool for rock design
    R. Pinheiro, L. Ramos, J. Teixeira, M.J. Afonso & H.I. Chaminé

    Simulating the effect of preconditioning in primary fragmentation 184
    A.S. Juncal, D.M. Ivars, A. Brzovic & J. Vallejos

    The application of stress control technologies in design of multiple seam layouts at EnergyWest Mining Company
    H. Maleki, K. Fleck, C. Semborski, J. Christensen & L. Tonc

    Geotechnical analyses of mine seismicity and control measures in the western US mines
    H. Maleki

    Comparison of change of creep properties of chromite ore under varying stress and time factor to find their interdependence
    S. Kabra

    The interaction between the scale effect and the shape effect in the mine pillar design
    A.L.M.A. da Silva & L.A.A. da Silva

    An approximation to the prediction of the extent of the area crushed around a blasting drill
    F. Bastante, E. Alonso & M.A. González

    Parameter characterisation for rock mass preconditioning using hydraulic fracturing
    G.F. Gambino, J.P. Harrison & A. Bedi

    Preliminary design of underground crushing chamber
    E. Trigueros, M. Martínez & I. Alhama

    Slope stability control of a coal mine during the filling of the artificial lake
    J.I. Piñeiro di Blasi, J. Taboada & J. Martínez-Torres

    Evaluation of pillar width on crush pillar behavior using a limit equilibrium solution
    M. du Plessis & D.F. Malan

    Back analysis of a general rock failure in a marble quarry
    M. Martínez Segura, E. Trigueros & J. Mulas-Pérez

    Mathematical approach for the analysis of in situ measurements in unstable slopes: A study based on the cases from coal mines in Turkey
    I. Özkan

    The toppling of large blocks on the northeast slope of the Meirama mine 196
    C.M. Bassa, P.R. Oyanguren, R.G. Philippon & M. Fernández-Pello Lois


    5. Design methods and analysis

    On using informational fields, structural fractals for simulating response of jointed rock to underground explosion
    S. Gharehdash & M. Barzegar

    Continuum and discontinuum modelling of gravity dams on jointed rock foundations
    Y.M. Alshkane, A.M. Marshall & L.R. Stace

    Wellbore stability prediction: An improved methodology for a limited set of data
    A. Diaz & K.Williams

    Comparison of predicted and actual conditions of the rock mass in the Tunnel Stražina
    K. Ravnjak, G. Grget & M.S. Kovacevic

    Advances, current limitations and future requirements for a numerical shear box for rock joints using PFC2D
    E. Lazzari, F. Johansson, D.M. Ivars & A.S. Juncal

    On the interpretation of numerical results in the study of rapid landslide run-out phase
    M. Pirulli, C. Scavia & M. Tararbra

    Different FEM models for simulation of the Osterberg load test in rock shafts
    S. Melentijevic & C. Olalla

    Test study on a new rock burst tendency index—Yield Degree and its influencing factors
    B.H. Guo, Y. Chen & P.F. Gou

    System reliability analysis of a circular rock tunnel using a first order approximation
    P. Zeng & R. Jiménez

    CFD-DEM simulations for injection of cement-based grout – the effect of rock fracture roughness
    S. Sakakibara, T. Koyama & H. Shimizu

    Application of a novel constitutive shotcrete model to tunnelling
    B. Schädlich, H.F. Schweiger, T. Marcher & E. Saurer

    Principles and methodologies for the design of hydroelectric large underground caverns
    R. Plassart & F. Laigle

    Numerical simulation of sliding and toppling of a block system
    G.P. Giani, S. Orsatti & L.R. Alejano

    Experiences implementing high energy dynamic barriers as a tool for creating a shadow zone against rockfalls in linear infrastructures
    R. Luis-Fonseca, C. Raimat & A. Sanz

    D&B versus TBM: Review of the parameters for a right choice of the excavation method
    F.J. Macias & A. Bruland

    Finite element simulation of crack initiation and propagation in rocks
    G. Sivakumar & V.B. Maji

    Design and control of the EDZ for a deep repository in crystalline rock
    H. Ittner, T. Lehtimäki & R. Christiansson

    Risk associated with swelling rocks in volcanic formations in the design of hydro-tunnels
    J.M. Galera, M. Paredes, C. Menchero & V. Pozo

    Efficient numerical integration of Perzyna viscoplasticity, with application to rock slope stability using zero-thickness interface elements
    I. Aliguer & I. Carol

    A strain-dependent strength and dilation model of rock to study pre-peak behaviour in confined tests
    J. González-Cao

    The reduction of surface settlement by employing umbrella arch systems for different excavation methods
    J. Oke, N. Vlachopoulos & M.S. Diederichs

    Kinematic analysis of block rotations in a jointed rock mass
    M. Pötsch & W. Schubert

    Vibration propagation in discrete element particle models of rock
    R. Resende, E. Fortunato, C. Andrade & T. Miranda

    Rockfall protection structures in the Tramuntana mountain range of Mallorca (Spain)
    J.M. Rius-Gibert & R.A. González

    Comparison between continuous and discontinuous approaches to tunnel models: FLAC vs. UDEC
    M. Veiga, J. Barbiero, S. Alonso, L.R. Alejano & A.M. Ferrero


    6. Monitoring and back analysis

    Determination of states of stress in hard rocks: Results of laboratory conducted finite deformation analysis
    A. Förster & Ch. Lempp

    A two-dimensional vibration model for mountain tunnel lining built with poling-board method
    Y. Gao, Y. Jiang & B. Li

    Determination material properties on bedding contact at the low-wall part of coal mine
    S.T.M.T. Supandi

    Analysis of the geotechnical data monitored during Saint-Martin-la-Porte access gallery excavation
    H.T. Manh, J. Sulem & D. Subrin

    Monitoring of the landslide at Durres-Morine road
    A. Kosho, A. Malaj, L. Harizaj & S. Lamçe

    Photographic documentation of the face of a TBM-driven tunnel
    M.R. Henzinger & R. Galler

    Back analysis and radar interferometry monitoring in a large open pit slope
    C. González-Nicieza, M.I. Álvarez-Fernández, O. Mora & E. Amor-Herrera

    Isolation roof caving control and monitoring technology of room and pillar method goafs
    W. Li, B. Zhang & Z. Bi

    Modelling and redesign of retaining system of a deep excavation in marl formation using back analysis results
    Y. Kazan

    Procedure for obtaining and analyzing the diametric deformation of a tunnel by means of tape extensometer convergence measures
    A. Bernardo-Sánchez & M. Arlandi-Rodríguez

    Real-time displacement monitoring using GPS for assessing slope stability
    N. Shimizu, S. Nakashima & Y. Furuyama

    Monitoring of the geomechanical state of rock mass using complex of satellite geodesy
    A.A. Panzhin & N.A. Panzhina

    Towards rockfall prediction: Linking pre-failure deformation with precursory rockfall events
    M.J. Royán, J.M. Vilaplana & A. Abellán

    Rockfall monitoring system for improving road safety
    Z. Agioutantis, S. Mertikas, A. Daskalakis, A. Tripolitsiotis, G. Kritikakis, E. Apostolou, C. Steiakakis & G. Kaplanidis

    Geotechnical safety management for tunnels
    W. Schubert & B.A. Moritz

    Analysis of the performance of an evolutionary computation algorithm in the identification of geomechanical parameters in underground works
    T. Miranda, A. Gomes-Correia, J. Sena-Cruz, L. Costa & D. Dias

    Monitored and calculated deformational behaviour of a large cavern during excavation
    M. Espada & L. Lamas

    Deterministic in-situ block size estimation using 3D terrestrial laser data
    H. Vanhaekendover, R. Lindenbergh, D. Ngan-Tillard, S. Slob & U.Wezenberg

    A new approach for evaluation of in situ inclinometer measurements based on two cases in Turkey
    M. Mesutoglu & I. Özkan


    7. Excavation and support

    Analytic stress solutions for a circular pressure tunnel at great depth including support delay and pure slip boundary condition
    A.Z. Lu, N. Zhang, H.Y. Chen, Y. Qin & L.Q. Zhang

    Co-relation between physico-mechanical and chemical properties of cement & resin capsules used in underground mines
    A.K. Rana, K. Das & G.S. Kumar

    A semi-analytical procedure for circular opening in strain-softening rock masses
    L. Cui, J. Zheng & R. Zhang

    Developing early age strength in Fibre Reinforced Shotcrete (FRS): Effects of accelerator type and rate of dosage
    M. Karakus, T.S. Baillie, O.R. Cannon, B.F.H. Forsyth & T.J. Snell

    Rock grouting and durability experiments of colloidal silica at Kurashiki underground LPG storage base
    S. Kobayashi, M. Soya, N. Takeuchi, J. Nobuto, A. Nakaya, T. Okuno, S. Shimada, T. Kaneto & T. Maejima

    An investigation of different drill bits and drilling angles in blast hole drilling
    D. Akbay & R. Altındag

    Research on the pre-displacement of surrounding rock during tunneling
    W. Shi, L. Miao & B. Zhang

    The load transfer mechanics of fully grouted cable bolts: A theoretical analysis
    J. Chen, S. Saydam & P. Hagan

    Determination of an “empirical” ground reaction curve useful for designing coal mine roadways support
    R. Rodríguez & M.B. Díaz-Aguado

    A comparative study on the heat loss of rock cavern type and above-ground type thermal energy storage systems
    J.W. Park, D. Ryu, D. Park, B.H. Choi, J.H. Syn & C. Sunwoo

    A review of ground support systems performance subjected to dynamic loading
    L. Li, P. Hagan & S. Saydam

    Dimensioning of a flexible system for the stabilization of a landslide on the access road to Cotobello (Aller, Asturias)
    J. Prieto-Fernández, R. Luis-Fonseca, R. Fernández-Llata & M. Fernández-Martínez

    Protective actions against rockslides on roads of Sierra de Tramuntana. The case of Blau Gorg detachment on 2008, December 31st
    R. Luis-Fonseca, C. Raïmat, J. Prieto-Fernández, J.M. Rius-Gibert & C. Massanet

    Rock mass variability and TBM prediction
    F.J. Macias, P.D. Jakobsen & A. Bruland

    Face stability in tunnels excavated by the drill and blast method 263
    S. Senent & R. Jiménez

    Study on distribution law of surrounding rock pressure in unsymmetrical loading tunnel with coupling effect from topography and geology
    Z.F.Wang, L.H. Xu, Y. Kang, X.C.Wang & X.P. Long

    The development of a distributed optical sensing technique to monitor forepole temporary support elements employed within an Umbrella Arch system
    N. Vlachopoulos, B. Forbes, J. Oke & A.J. Hyett

    Pit excavation for underground construction in an urban area near an old tunnel
    Ž. Arbanas, M. Vivoda & P. Kursar

    In situ stresses in rock masses: Methodology for its study in tunnel projects in Spain
    G. Madirolas & A. Perucho

    Abacus for the analysis of technical and economical consequences of over-excavation in tunnels
    C. Iglesias, M. Veiga & H. Larrocha

    Influence of groundwater and joints orientation in the Tunnel Prado support
    D. Salorio, J.P. Villanueva, F.J. Castanedo, L. Jordá & C. Oteo

    Effectiveness of applied support in tunnels in plastically deformed rock mass – An analysis based on tunnelling project from the Nepal Himalaya
    P.K. Shrestha & K.K. Panthi

    Analysis on the pre-injection grout consumption at Strindheim road tunnel project, Trondheim, Norway
    K.K. Panthi

    Update of 1989 Bieniawski’s RMR guidelines for tunnel excavation and support
    M. Romana


    8. Case histories and preservation of natural stone

    Stability analysis of a room & pillar hematite mine and techniques to manage local instability problems
    J. Arzúa, L.R. Alejano, I. Clérigo, B. Pons, F. Méndez & F. Prada

    Hazard analysis for rock-fall onto touristic beaches from overhanging cliffs in ophiolitic rock-mass
    M. Coli, E. Livi & I. Erbetta

    Dynamic strain wave analyses of parallel cut blasting model tests for vertical shaft
    Q.Y. Ma, P. Yuan, B. Han, J.-S. Zhang & H.-X. Liu

    Geotechnical characterization of the site and stability of a tailings dam in Ecuador
    M.R. Ponce-Zambrano, D.P. Gordón, L.R. Alejano & I. Pérez-Rey

    Unstable rock masses in the highway Durres-Prishtina
    L. Sharra, L. Bozo & S. Allkja

    A new approach for modeling heat transfer between a freeze pipe and the surrounding ground
    M.Vitel, A. Rouabhi, M. Tijani & F. Guérin

    A calcarenite exposed to true fire conditions: A methodological proposal
    V. Brotóns, R. Tomás & S. Ivorra

    Temperature induced-changes on the mechanical properties of a calcarenite
    V. Brotóns, R. Tomás & S. Ivorra

    Safety and economic advantages for rock blasting in urban areas
    C. Dinis da Gama

    Probability evaluation of localized failure: Deep excavation case study
    D. Łydzba, A. Rózanski & M. Sobótka

    Possible mechanical behavior of Elmadag and Artova formations during tunnel excavation
    S.Ö. Dinç & C. Tunusluoglu

    Analysis of a complex slope failure in a quartzite slope
    C. León-Buendía, J. Santamaría-Arias, L.R. Alejano & R. Giráldez

    The use of active seismic methods to study seismic waves anisotropy in Triassic dolomites
    I. Stan-Kłeczek & M.J. Mendecki

    Slope stabilization at km 25.5 El Cobre highway – CODELCO Chile, El Teniente mine division
    V.H. Recabarren-Guerra & F.J. Peña-Díaz

    Deepening of Juankoski Canal – Rock strengthening and blasting under bridge
    K.C. Avellan &T.K. Nuutinen

    Analysis of potential rockfalls and protection measures for the Mardin castle, Turkey
    N. Dadashzadeh, C. Aras, N. Yesiloglu-Gultekin, A. Bilgin & H.S.B. Duzgun

    Evaluation of the effectiveness of a new nanoconsolidant in granitic rocks
    I. de Rosario, J. Feijoo, T. Rivas, M.J. Mosquera & F. Elhaddad

    Protective treatments against pyrite and pyrrhotite oxidation in roofing slates
    J. Iglesias, J. Feijoo, I. Cañas, J. Taboada & T. Rivas

    Influence of model selection, constitutive behavior assignment and parametric sensitivity on tunnel, cavern and pillar EDZ assessment for a long-term deep geological repository
    M.S. Diederichs, T. Lam, M. Jensen, M. Perras & B. Damjanac

    Protecting roofing slates against oxidation: Analysis of the chemical interaction between protective treatments and pyrite
    J. Iglesias, J. Feijoo, J. Taboada, T. Rivas & M. Modino

    Comparison of disc cutter consumptions in two tunnelling machines due to wearing in two tunnels partially built in ortogneis
    P.R. Oyanguren, C.L. Huerta, R.L. Huerta & C. González-Nicieza

    Rock strength assessment and structural features analysis on rocky coasts
    A. Pires, H.I. Chaminé, A. Pérez-Alberti, A. Gomes & F. Rocha

    Analysis of a deep-seated slope movement in a marly-arenaceous formation
    E. Celluzzi, A. Graziani & A. Lembo-Fazio

    Revise of cavern’s axis azimuth in Azad pumped storage project
    M.R. Shahverdiloo, M. Behnia, A. Anvari & M.A. Motlagh


    9. Petroleum engineering, hydrofracking and CO2 storage

    Studies in fracture stimulation induced tectonics in rock require new test equipment
    J.B. Surjaatmadja, D. Meadows, K. Coffman & D. Looper

    Prediction of rock strength with matrix acidizing stimulation and induced wormhole by computational simulation methods
    N. Jahani, G. Berge & B. Haugen

    Application of transient methods to the assessment of permeability of well cements
    I. Falcón-Suarez, B. Rodríguez-Cedrún, J. Canal-Vila & J. Delgado-Martín

    Laboratory simulation of CO2 injection in sandstones and sands for improved seismic monitoring of CO2 reservoirs
    I. Falcón-Suarez, L. North, A. Best, J. Sothcott, J. Canal-Vila & J. Delgado-Martín

    Geomechanical simulation of the injection of CO2 into saline aquifers with respect to risk assessment
    M. Adams, M. Feinendegen, M. Ziegler & T. Kempka

    Cements of improved sealing capacity in CO2 geological storage
    E. Estévez, L. Valle, D. del Barrio, G. Blázquez, T. Kovács & V. Blázquez

    Coupled hydro-mechanical simulations demonstrate system integrity at the Ketzin pilot site for CO2 storage, Germany
    T. Kempka, S. Klapperer & B. Norden

    QA/QC on physical and mechanical rock properties relevant for geomechanical analysis
    U. Prasad, J.A. Franquet & D.A. Curry

    Assessing the permeability anisotropy of claystone by pulse test methods
    R. Giot, C. Auvray & A. Giraud

    Fracture mechanical evaluation of hydraulic fracturing laboratory experiments
    F. Stoeckhert, S. Brenne, M. Molenda & M. Alber

    Numerical modeling of composite bilaminate materials as an analog for strength variation in anisotropic shale formations
    B.R. Crawford, N.L. DeDontney & B. Alramahi

    Constraining the magnitudes of maximum and minimum horizontal stresses from borehole breakouts – A comparison between different rock failure criteria
    W. Lin

    Anisotropic mechanical properties of shales and the influences on hydraulic fractures
    T. Fan, G. Zhang & Y. Lou

    Effect of supercritical CO2 on the Corvio sandstone in a flow-thru triaxial experiment
    J. Canal, J. Delgado-Martín, V. Barrientos, R. Juncosa, B. Rodríguez-Cedrún & I. Falcón-Suarez

    Hydraulic fracture propagation under steady state fluid flow
    A. Pouya, V.-L. Nguyen & S. Ghabezloo

    Hydraulic Fracturing of a Devonian Slate under confining pressure – with emphasis on clevage inclination
    S. Brenne, M. Molenda, F. Stöckhert & M. Alber

    Behavior of a fractured reservoir over time based on geomechanical modeling
    H.W. Stockhausen, M.R. Lakshmikantha, V. Sifontes & M.E. Barboza

    Hydro-mechanical coupling in zero-thickness interface elements, formulation and applications in geomechanics
    D. Garolera, I. Aliguer, I. Carol, J. Martínez-Segura, M.R. Lakshmikantha & J. Alvarellos

    Effects of reservoir development on the well casing behavior
    C.E.R. Lautenschläger, G.L. Righetto, R.A.C. Albuquerque, N. Inoue & S.A.B. Fontoura

    Geomechanical study with outcrop samples to improve drilling performance for an exploration well in Northwest Africa
    H.W. Stockhausen, J.M. Hernán-Gómez, H. Gallego, A. Alonso, J. Barbiero & J. Delgado-Martín

    Fracture properties after hydraulic stimulation in low-permeability sediments (GeneSys-project)
    E. Pechan, T. Tischner & J. Renner

    Shale geomechanics: Optimal multi-stage hydraulic fracturing design for shale and tight reservoirs
    J. Leem & J. Reyna

    A coupled XFEM-HM method for fracture dynamics and groundwater flow in geological porous medium
    M. Faivre, R. Giot, F. Golfier & P. Massin

    Drilling optimization based on a geomechanical analysis using probabilistic risk assessment, a case study from offshore Iran
    S. Rafieepour & H. Jalalifar

    Dependency of deformability, strength and failure characteristics of clay shales on total suction
    F. Amann, K.Wild & L.Wymann

    A preliminary evaluation of an enhanced FDEM code as a tool to simulate hydraulic fracturing in jointed rock masses
    A. Lisjak, O.K. Mahabadi, P. Kaifosh, T. Vietor & G. Grasselli


    10. Applicability of EUROCODE-7 in rock engineering

    Towards an improved observational method
    J. Spross, F. Johansson, H. Stille & S. Larsson

    Design of rock dowels using numerical analysis and Eurocode 7
    A. Koe & B. Ogunmakin

    Application of the observational method in the Äspö expansion project
    R. Christiansson, I. Olofsson, C.D. Martin, M. Holmberg & A. Carlsson

    Characteristic strength of anisotropic rock
    N. Bozorgzadeh & J.P. Harrison

    Some key issues regarding application of Eurocode 7 to rock engineering design
    L. Lamas, A. Perucho & L.R. Alejano

    The approach to rock engineering in Spanish normative documents
    Á. Perucho & J. Estaire

    How to refine the observational method as described in EC7 in applied rock mechanics
    H. Stille & D. Virely

    Critical review of Eurocode-7 regarding rock mass characterization
    A.M. Ferrero, A.I. Sofianos & L.R. Alejano

    Critical review of Eurocode-7 regarding monitoring rock masses by field instrumentation: Devices and data analysis
    M.R. Migliazza, A.M. Ferrero, A. Segalini & G. Umili

    Reliability against translational slip of rock slopes designed according to Eurocode 7
    P.P. Nomikos & A.I. Sofianos

    Critical review of EC7 concerning prescriptive measures for rock mechanics design
    R. Olsson & A. Palmstrøm

    Ultimate and serviceability state design using the same partial safety factor of contact pressure for strip foundation loaded by column loads
    K.C. Avellan

    Spread foundations and slope stability calculations on rocks according to Eurocode EC-7
    J. Estaire & G. Olivenza

    EC7 and the application of analytical and empirical models to rock engineering
    J.P. Harrison, H. Stille & R. Olsson

    On the applicability of the Eurocode 7 partial factor method for rock mechanics
    A. Bedi & T.L.L. Orr

    Assessment of characteristic failure envelopes for intact rock using results from triaxial tests
    J. Muralha & L. Lamas

    Eurocode 7 and rock engineering: Current problems and future opportunities
    J.P. Harrison

    Author index

    Biography

    Alejano, R. ; Perucho, Áurea; Olalla, Claudio ; Jiménez, Rafael