Rocks and Minerals in Thin Section: A Colour Atlas, 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Rocks and Minerals in Thin Section

A Colour Atlas, 2nd Edition

By W.S. MacKenzie, A.E. Adams, K.H. Brodie

CRC Press

232 pages | 180 Color Illus.

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Description

This concise, clear and handy–sized volume, aimed at the undergraduate level, provides an introduction to the observation, description and identifi cation in thin section, using the polarizing microscope, of samples of the commonlyoccurring rocks and minerals. Illustrated with a wealth of full colour thin section photomicrographs, and with the original images enhanced by new examples and a revised text, the book explains how to observe mineral and rock samples under the microscope. The book highlights the important diagnostic features of minerals and deals with all rock types – igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic – each with equal emphasis and authority, giving students the knowledge and confi dence to begin to identify specimens for themselves. While intended for students in geology, geography, civil engineering and materials science, the book stands on its own as a beautiful collection of photomicrographs and a permanent source of reference and fascination for all those interested in the nature and science of the world of rocks and minerals.

Table of Contents

Part 1 Optical mineralogy

The polarizing microscope

Description of minerals

Shape and habit of crystals

Colour and pleochroism

Cleavage

Relief

Birefringence

Extinction angles

Twinning and zoning

Undulose extinction and sub-grain structure

Alteration

Grain size

Part 2 Minerals

Olivine

Orthopyroxene

Clinopyroxene

Two-pyroxene intergrowth

Amphibole

Biotite

Muscovite

Chlorite

Quartz

Feldspars

Sanidine

Microcline

Plagioclase

Nepheline

Calcite

Garnet

Opaque minerals

Part 3 Igneous rocks

Peridotite

Basalt

Olivine basalt

Basalt

Dolerite

Olivine gabbro

Gabbro

Andesite

Diorite

Granodiorite

Rhyolite

Microgranite

Granite

Alkali granite

Phonolite

Nepheline syenite

Lamprophyre

Ignimbrite

Part 4 Sedimentary rocks

Terrigenous clastic rocks

Carbonate rocks

Quartz arenite

Feldspars in sedimentary rocks

Sub-arkose

Arkose

Sub-litharenite

Litharenite

Wacke/Greywacke

Micaceous sandstone

Calcareous sandstone

Glauconitic sandstone

Mudstone

Ooid grainstone

Ooid packstone

Bioclast packstone

Bioclast wackestone

Intraclast grainstone

Peloid grainstone

Carbonate mudstone

Dolomite

Radiolarian chert

Replacement chert

Evaporite

Ooidal ironstone

Banded ironstone

Volcaniclastic rocks

Porosity in sedimentary rocks

Part 5 Metamorphic rocks

Textures of metamorphic rocks

Schistosity and schists

Gneissic foliation and gneisses

Mylonite

Cataclasite

Crenulations

Lineations

Reaction textures

Metamorphosed mudstones (pelites)

Chloritoid schist

Garnet mica schist

Staurolite schist

Kyanite gneiss

Garnet-sillimanite gneiss

Andalusite-cordierite hornfels

Garnet-cordierite hornfels (Granofels)

Metamorphosed carbonate rocks

Forsterite and diopside marble

Metamorphosed basic rocks

Garnet epidote amphibolite

Amphibolite

Two pyroxene granofels

Glaucophane-lawsonite-schist (Blueschist)

Glaucophane-epidote (Blue) schist

Eclogite

Ultramafic rocks

Appendices

About the Authors

W.S. MacKenzie was Emeritus Professor of Petrology at the University of Manchester, England.

A.E. Adams is retired Senior Lecturer in Geology at the University of Manchester, England.

K.H. Brodie is Senior Lecturer in Geology at the University of Manchester, England.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI031000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Geology
SCI032000
SCIENCE / Geophysics
TEC009150
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Soil & Rock