The 23 chapters in this volume explore the material culture of sanctity in Latin Europe and the Mediterranean between c. 1000 and c. 1220, with a focus on the ways in which saints and relics were enshrined, celebrated, and displayed.
Reliquary cults were particularly important during the Romanesque period, both as a means of affirming or promoting identity and as a conduit for the divine. This book covers the geography of sainthood, the development of spaces for reliquary display, the distribution of saints across cities, the use of reliquaries to draw attention to the attributes, and the virtues or miracle-working character of particular saints. Individual essays range from case studies on Verona, Hildesheim, Trondheim and Limoges, the mausoleum of Lazarus at Autun, and the patronage of Mathilda of Canossa, to reflections on local pilgrimage, the deployment of saints as physical protectors, the use of imagery where possession of a saint was disputed, island sanctuaries, and the role of Templars and Hospitallers in the promotion of relics from the Holy Land.
This book will serve historians and archaeologists studying the Romanesque period, and those interested in material culture and religious practice in Latin Europe and the Mediterranean c.1000–c.1220.
Table of Contents
Notes on Contributors
The Lazarus Mausoleum at Autun Revisited
A re-præsentatio of Royal and Holy Bodies: The Monumental Tombs of Vienne Cathedral in their Liturgical Settings
Heribert and Anno II of Cologne: Two Saintly Archbishops, their Cult, and their Romanesque Shrines
The Canonisation of Bernward and Godehard: Hildesheim as a Cultural and Artistic Centre in the 12th and 13th Centuries
A Garland of Saints: Romanesque Verona and the Evocation of Rome
The Geography of Death: Tombs of Saints and Nobles in the Lands of the Canossas
Arturo Carlo Quintavalle
A Satirical Itinerary of Holy Bodies? Recommendations from The Pilgrim’s Guide
The Pilgrimage Church of St Martin at Tours: The Building Project of the Treasurer Hervé (c. 1001–1022) and its ContextRichard Gem
Saint Martial of Limoges and the Making of a Saint
Local Hero: Saint Eusice at Selles-sur-Cher
Extra-Mural Developments: The 11th-Century Reconstruction of St-Eutrope at Saintes
Stone, Image, Body: Constructing the Memory of Saint Dionysius in Regensburg
Michele Luigi Vescovi
Byzantine Echoes at the end of the 11th Century in the Kingdom of Aragon: Sancho Ramirez and the Relics of Saint Demetrios of Thessaloniki, Fact or Historiographic Fiction?
Marta Poza Yagüe
Inventing a New Antiquity: The Reliquary-Altar Depicting the Martyrdom of Saint Saturninus at Saint-Hilaire d’Aude
With Faithful Mind: The Pilgrimage to Santo Domingo de Silos
Elizabeth Valdez del Álamo
Bradanreolice, Burryholms, and Barry Island: Saints, Shrines and Island Pilgrimage Centres in the Severn Estuary
Leo on the Margins? Reform, Romanesque, and the Monastery on Inishark Island, Ireland
Three Hungarian Shrines from 1083: Canonisation, Politics, and Reform
Béla Zsolt Szakács
The Royal and Christlike Martyr: Constructing the Cult of Saint Olav, 1030–1220
The "Forest of Symbols" on the Romanesque Bronze Doors at Gniezno Cathedral Church
Images in the Bayeux Tapestry and Rodes Bible: Reliquaries, Models,and Meaning
Montserrat Pagès i Paretas
Templars, Cults, and Relics: The Cleveland Reliquary of the True Cross
Templars, Hospitallers, and Canons of the Holy Sepulchre on the Way of Saint James: Building at the Service of Lay Spirituality
Javier Martínez de Aguirre
John McNeill teaches at Oxford University’s Department of Continuing Education, and is Honorary Secretary of the British Archaeological Association, for whom he has edited and contributed to volumes on Anjou, King’s Lynn and the Fens, the medieval cloister, and English medieval chantries. He was instrumental in establishing the BAA’s International Romanesque Conference Series and has a particular interest in the design of medieval monastic precincts.
Richard Plant has taught at a number of institutions and worked for many years at Christie’s Education in London, where he was Deputy Academic Director. His research interests lie in the buildings of the Anglo-Norman realm and the Holy Roman Empire, in particular in architectural iconography. He is Publicity Officer for the British Archaeological Association and, in addition to this volume, co-edited the first and third volumes in the series: Romanesque and the Past and Romanesque Patrons and Processes.