Sixteenth century philosophy was a unique synthesis of several philosophical frameworks, a blend of old and new, including but not limited to Scholasticism, Humanism, Neo-Thomism, Aristotelianism, and Stoicism. Unlike most overviews of this period, The Routledge Companion to Sixteenth Century Philosophy does not simplify this colorful era by applying some traditional dichotomies, such as the misleading line once drawn between scholasticism and humanism.
Instead, the Companion closely covers an astonishingly diverse set of topics: philosophical methodologies of the time, the importance of the discovery of the new world, the rise of classical scholarship, trends in logic and logical theory, Nominalism, Averroism, the Jesuits, the Reformation, Neo-stoicism, the soul’s immortality, skepticism, the philosophies of language and science and politics, cosmology, the nature of the understanding, causality, ethics, freedom of the will, natural law, the emergence of the individual in society, the nature of wisdom, and the love of god. Throughout, the Companion seeks not to compartmentalize these philosophical matters, but instead to show that close attention paid to their continuity may help reveal both the diversity and the profound coherence of the philosophies that emerged in the sixteenth century.
The Companion’s 27 chapters are published here for the first time, and written by an international team of scholars, and accessible for both students and researchers.
Table of Contents
Benjamin Hill and Henrik Lagerlund
- I. Intellectual Background
1. Philosophical Methodologies
2. The Discovery of the New World
3. The Rise of Classical Scholarship
4. Trends in Logic and Logical Theory
II. Philosophical Movements
7. The Jesuits
8. Philosophy Among and in the Wake of the Reformers: Luther, Zwingli, and Calvin
9. Justus Lipsius and Neo-stoicism
III. Philosophical Controversies
10. The Immortality of the Soul: The Pomponazzi Affair
11. Logic, Rhetoric, and Method: Rejections of Aristotle and the Ramist Affair(s)
12. Political Authority and Tyrannicide: The Suárez-Bellarmine Affair
IV. Philosophical Topics
13. The Rise of Philosophical Skepticism
José Maia Neto
14. Scientia and Method: Regressus and Innatism
15. Analogy and Analogical Predication: Innovations in the Philosophy of Language
16. Matter, Space, and Motion
17. Body and Internal Powers: Alchemy and Medicine
18. The Human Soul
Sander de Boer
19. The Metaphysics of Substantial Forms
21. The Nature of the Understanding: Intellect, Conception, and Concepts
22. Freedom of the Will
Benjamin Hill and Henrik Lagerlund
24. Human Nature and Human Society: The Individual and Her Place in Society
25. Natural Law Part I: The Catholic Tradition
26. Natural Law Part II: The Protestant and Philosophy Traditions
27. The Nature of Wisdom and the Love of God
Paul Richard Blum
Henrik Lagerlund is Professor of Philosophy and Department Chair at the University of Western Ontario.
He has published extensively on medieval philosophy, including the books Modal Syllogistics
in the Middle Ages (2000), Rethinking the History of Skepticism (2010), and Representation and
Objects of Thought in Medieval Philosophy (2008). He is also the editor-in-chief of the
Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy (2011).
Benjamin Hill is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University
of Western Ontario. He is a co-editor of The Philosophy of Francisco
Suárez (2012), The Language of Nature: Reassessing the Mathematization of Natural Philosophy
in the Seventeenth Century (2016) , and a Sourcebook in the History of the Philosophy of Language (2016).
". . . . An impressive collection of twenty-seven essays, which aim at presenting the most recent scholarship on Renaissance philosophy. It is one of the most comprehensive works on this time period ever published. On the whole, the companion is accessible to undergraduate students while also being of interest to specialists. One of the major strengths of the book is that the material covered is thoroughly examined and accompanied by substantive bibliographies, which make the volume a valuable tool for the study of sixteenth-century thought. Another key feature is that crossover between the essays is pervasive and is reinforced by a substantive general index, which gives a strong unity to the volume, despite its length (645 pages). . . . To conclude, there is no doubt that this impressive companion is an outstanding publication which represents a landmark in the field of Renaissance philosophy."
--Magali Roques in The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science
"This book is an up-to-date, comprehensive, scholarly and philosophically sophisticated guide to the philosophy of a neglected century, but also much more than that. By rejecting the idea of renaissance philosophy, the editors make their readers see the whole development of modern philosophy in a new light. This Companion is essential reading for any student or researcher working on the history of philosophy."
- John Marenbon, University of Cambridge
"...the Companion rightly refuses to stick rigidly within the “century” – often the essays look back and forward, some explicitly going well into the seventeenth century because they have to do so. This offers intellectual coherence to many of the arguments. (...) The wealth of bibliographical sources presented here, alone, makes this a valuable resource."
- Stuart Hannabuss, Independent Reviewer and Researcher, Aberdeen, UK