1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Environmental Displacement and Migration

Edited By Robert McLeman, François Gemenne Copyright 2018
    464 Pages 23 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    464 Pages 23 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The last twenty years have seen a rapid increase in scholarly activity and publications dedicated to environmental migration and displacement, and the field has now reached a point in terms of profile, complexity, and sheer volume of reporting that a general review and assessment of existing knowledge and future research priorities is warranted. So far, such a product does not exist.

    The Routledge Handbook of Environmental Displacement and Migration provides a state-of-the-science review of research on how environmental variability and change influence current and future global migration patterns and, in some instances, trigger large-scale population displacements. Drawing together contributions from leading researchers in the field, this compendium will become a go-to guide for established and newly interested scholars, for government and policymaking entities, and for students and their instructors. It explains theoretical, conceptual, and empirical developments that have been made in recent years; describes their origins and connections to broader topics including migration research, development studies, and international public policy and law; and highlights emerging areas where new and/or additional research and reflection are warranted.

    The structure and the nature of the book allow the reader to quickly find a concise review relevant to conducting research or developing policy on particular topics, and to obtain a broad, reliable survey of what is presently known about the subject.

    Front matter

    Editors’ foreword. Robert McLeman & François Gemenne

    Foreword. Mary Robinson


    List of Figures

    List of tables


    Part I: Existing knowledge, theories and methods

    1.Environmental migration research: evolution and current state of the science

    Robert McLeman & François Gemenne

    2. Theories of voluntary and forced migration

    Etienne Piguet

    3. Mobility, displacement and migration and their interactions with vulnerability and adaptation to environmental risks

    W. Neil Adger, Ricardo Safra de Campos & Colette Mortreux

    4. Environmental change and international migration: a review

    Luisa Veronis, Bonnie Boyd, Reiko Obokata & Brittany Main

    5. Immobility

    Caroline Zickgraf

    6. Geospatial modelling and mapping

    Alex de Sherbinin & Ling Bai

    7. Modeling migration and population displacement in response to environmental and climate change: Multilevel event history models

    Jack DeWaard & Raphael J. Nawrotzki

    8. Estimating the population impacts of sea level rise

    Katherine J. Curtis & Rachel S. Bergmans

    9. Qualitative research techniques: It’s a case-studies world

    François Gemenne

    10. Incorporating indigenous knowledge in research

    Tristan Pearce

    11. Gender, migration, and (global) environmental change

    Giovanna Gioli & Andrea Milan

    12. Environmental migrants, climate ‘refugees’ and sun-seeking expats: Capturing the larger context of migration in a changing climate through appropriate and effective behavioural research Dominic Kniveton, Sonja Ayeb-Karlsson & Christopher Smith

    Part II: Empirical evidence from regions

    13. Environmental change and migration: A review of West African case studies

    Victoria van der Land, Clemens Romankiewicz & Kees van der Geest

    14. Burkina Faso: The adaptation-migration policy nexus in a drying climate

    Nakia Pearson

    15. Fleeing from arid lands: Pastoralism in the context of climate change

    Julia Blocher

    16. Climate and risk of migration in South Africa

    Rachel Licker & Marina Mastrorillo

    17. Deforestation, drought and environmental migration in Brazil: an overview

    Erika Pires Ramos & Lilian Yamamoto

    18. Internal migration in Bangladesh: A comparative analysis of coastal, environmentally challenged, and other districts

    Bimal Kanti Paul & Avantika Ramekar

    19. Environmental stressors and population mobility in China: Causes, approaches and consequences

    Yan Tan

    20. Environmental migration in Mexico

    Daniel Simon

    21. Transnational approaches to remittances, risk reduction and disaster relief: Evidence from post-Typhoon Haiyan experiences of Filipino immigrants in Canada

    Reiko Obokata & Luisa Veronis

    22. Population displacements and migration patterns in response to Hurricane Katrina

    Elizabeth Fussell

    23. A community-based model for resettlement: Lessons from coastal Louisiana

    Julie K. Maldonado & Kristina Peterson

    24. Social and cultural dimensions of environment-related mobility and planned relocations in the South Pacific

    Dalila Gharbaoui

    Part III: Legal and policy considerations

    25. Definitions and concepts

    Benoît Mayer

    26. Human rights, environmental displacement and migration

    Dug Cubie

    27. Climate, migration and displacement: Exploring the politics of preventative action

    Craig Johnson

    28. Environmental migration and international political security: rhetoric, reality and questions

    Stern Mwakalimi Kita & Clionadh Raleigh

    29. Green grabbing-induced displacement

    Sara Vigil

    30. Climate-induced community relocations: Institutional challenges, human rights protections, and the example of Alaskan indigenous communities

    Robin Bronen

    31. UNHCR’s perspectives on displacement in the context of climate change

    Marine Franck

    32. Environmental change and human mobility: Perspectives from the World Bank

    Susan F. Martin, Jonas Bergmann, Hanspeter Wyss & Kanta Kumari

    33. Environmental migration and the UN Environment Programme

    Oli Brown & Brian Wittbold

    34. Platform on Disaster Displacement, Follow-up to the Nansen Initiative: Addressing the protection needs of persons displaced across borders in the context of disasters and climate change. Platform on Disaster Displacement Secretariat

    35. A moment of opportunity to define the global governance of environmental migration: Perspectives from the International Organization for Migration

    Mariam Traore Chazalnoel & Dina Ionesco

    36. Where do we go from here? Reflections on the future of environmental migration and displacement research

    Lori Hunter



    Robert McLeman is a former foreign service officer specializing in migration management and is presently Associate Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Canada.

    François Gemenne is Director of the Hugo Observatory at the University of Liège, Belgium, the first research centre dedicated to the interactions between environmental change and human migration. A political scientist by training, he is also the executive director of the research programme Politics of the Earth at Sciences Po in Paris, where he is a lecturer in environmental politics.



    "Environmental migration and displacement is a massive phenomenon, a new wicked universality whose political influence is felt everywhere. This book is important not only for those who document the pace and size of the phenomenon, but also for those in receiving countries who must learn how to cope with it." --Bruno Latour, sociologist and philosopher, France

    "This handbook allows us to anticipate impending disasters, such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami which was one of the first topics of discussion for my government, and the volume calls for rapid solutions. I am optimistic and I believe that we can save the planet, because the world has equipped itself with the knowledge and technology to do so. This is a most helpful guide for political parties who want to formulate responsible and vote winning polices. It’s a blue print for NGOs interested in doing good. It’s the definitive guide on the subject and a good read." -- Mohamed Nasheed, former President of the Maldives

    "This Handbook is essential reading and a key teaching resource for everyone interested in an interdisciplinary approach to climate change and migration. McLeman and Gemenne succeed in bringing together a state of the art collection of articles that provide a comprehensive survey of current thinking, not only on the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of a quickly expanding field of research, but also on the available empirical evidence as well as current developments in the areas of law and policy." -- Walter Kälin, Special Envoy of the Chairmanship of the Platform on Disaster Displacement

    "This Handbook will be a resource to policy makers to identify the current state of the science on the impacts, responses and best practices relating to environmental migration and displacement." -- Mary Robinson, President, Mary Robinson Foundation – Climate Justice, Ireland